wex definitions

United States district courts

The trial courts of the federal court system. Congress and the Constitution limit these courts and within these limits, the district courts have jurisdiction to hear nearly all categories of federal cases. This includes both civil and criminal matters...

United States Marshals Service (USMS)

The United States Marshals Service (USMS) is a Department of Justice federal law enforcement agency charged with ensuring the effective operation of the federal judiciary. The President appoints a U.S. Marshal for each federal district....

United States Munitions List

The United States Munitions List is a list of defense articles, services and related technical data designated as such by the federal government. These defense items are controlled by the Arms Export Control Act. The List is divided into twenty-one...

United States Patent and Trademark Office (USPTO)

The United States Patent and Trademark Office (USPTO) is the federal agency responsible for granting U.S. patents and registering U.S. trademarks. The USPTO is the sole entity capable of granting patents and trademarks legally recognized in...

United States Tax Court

Established by Congress under Article I of the Constitution.

Upon a determination of a tax deficiency by the Commissioner of Internal Revenue, the taxpayer may dispute the deficiency in the Tax Court before paying any disputed amount.

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United States v. Darby

United States v. Darby is a Supreme Court of the United States case that revolves around the Fair Labor Standards Act of 1938 and issues of federalism. Congress set out federal standards for employment conditions, specifically...

United Steelworkers of America v. Weber (1979)

United Steelworkers of American v. Weber (1979) is a U.S. Supreme Court case where the Court ruled that Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964, which prohibits racial discrimination in the workplace, does not prohibit voluntary affirmative...

universal life insurance

Universal life insurance is a type of life insurance that lasts for the life of the insured and has flexible premiums, death benefits, and cash value. Universal life insurance operates similarly to whole life insurance in that the insured...

unjust enrichment

Overview

Unjust enrichment occurs when Party A confers a benefit upon Party B without Party A receiving the proper restitution required by law. This typically occurs in a contractual agreement when Party A fulfills his/her part of the agreement and...

unlawful

General description for conduct that is illegal or not authorized by law.

The term is sometimes used in a more narrow sense. For instance, "unlawful" may refer only to conduct that is criminally punishable. At other times, "unlawful" may...

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