wex definitions


Having an absolute right or title to something, to be enjoyed either now or in the future. A vested right is unconditional; it is no longer dependent on any event even if it was in the past.

See Contingent (contrast).

vested ownership

Vested ownership means complete and unconditional ownership.

See also: conditional ownership, qualified ownership

[Last updated in August of 2021 by the Wex Definitions Team]

vested remainder

Refers to a remainder with an ascertained taker and with no condition precedent.

See: Future Interest

vestigial words

Words and phrases that technically appear in statutes, but lack use or meaning because amendments or other statutes have diminished their effect.


The power of one person or body to prohibit a course of action chosen by another. In a political context, "veto" usually refers to the power of a chief executive to block or complicate passage of a legislative bill by refusing to sign it into law....

vexatious litigation

Legal proceedings started with malice and without good case. Vexatious litigation is meant to bother, embarrass, or cause legal expenses to the defendant. A plaintiff who starts such litigation either knows or should reasonably know that no legal...

vicarious liability

Liability that a supervisory party (such as an employer) bears for the actionable conduct of a subordinate or associate (such as an employee) based on the relationship between the two parties. See respondeat superior

Under common law, a member...

Vienna Convention on the Law of Treaties

The Vienna Convention on the Law of Treaties (VCLT) was adopted in Vienna on May 23, 1969 at the United Nations Conference on the law of treaties and entered into force on January 27, 1980. This Convention applies only to treaties which are concluded...

view ordinance

View ordinance are laws designed to protect a property's view from obstructions. Such ordinances may encompass and regulate a variety of property features, but commonly address trees and vegetation. View ordinances can also be enforced to...


Someone who personally claims to enforce law and order, but lacks legal authority to do so. Vigilantes operate by using actual or threatened force, and are distinguished from people who simply watch out for criminal behavior and report it to the...