The Court of International Trade (CIT) is the United States court established by the Customs Court Act of 1980 as an Article III court, replacing the U.S. Customs Court and expanding its jurisdiction. The court hears all civil actions regarding international trade that involve government agencies, actions, and officials. The CIT sits in New York City but has jurisdiction over all the United States. Examples of the court’s jurisdiction include disputes over tariffs imposed by U.S. Customs and Border Protection (CBP) and decisions by the U.S. International Trade Commission (ITC). Cases before the CIT are assigned to one of the court’s nine judges by the chief judge except for far-reaching issues heard by a panel of three judges. Decisions of the CIT can be appealed to the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Federal Circuit.
[Last updated in June of 2021 by the Wex Definitions Team]