A motion asking the court to enter judgment as a matter of law. This motion is made before a case is submitted to the jury, and argues that no reasonable jury could find for the opposing party (i.e., whatever evidence exists for such ruling is legally insufficient). In federal court, this motion may be renewed after an adverse jury finding (having the same effect as a JNOV motion in state court). See Federal Rule of Civil Procedure 50.
Also referred to as a motion for a directed verdict.