Women and Justice: Keywords

Domestic Case Law

Middlekauf v. Allstate Ins. Co. Supreme Court of Virginia (1994)

Sexual harassment

A former employee brought an action against supervisor and employer for intentional infliction of emotional distress due to harassment. She alleged that her supervisor intentionally sought to humiliate her in front of her co-workers and made harassing, sexist, and belittling comments.  Although she complained to her manager and other supervisors, they failed to intervene.  The Defendant argued that her claims were barred by the exclusivity provision (Code § 65.2-307) of the Virginia Workers’ Compensation Act.  The court held that her allegations of gradually incurring severe emotional distress due to harassment did not amount to “injury by accident” under the Workers’ Compensation Act; therefore the action against the employer was not barred by the exclusivity provision of the Act.