Women and Justice: Type: Reference Guides

Reference Guides

Code of Practice on Sexual Harassment and Harassment 2012 (2012)

Employment discrimination, Gender discrimination, Sexual harassment

This code was prepared by the Equality Authority with the approval of the Minister for Justice and Equality and after consultation with relevant organizations representing equality interests. The code does not impose any legal obligations, nor is it an authoritative statement of the law. It aims to give practical guidance to employers, employers’ organizations, trade unions, and employees on what is meant by sexual harassment and harassment in the workplace, how it may be prevented, and what steps to take if it does occur to ensure that adequate procedures are readily available to deal with the problem and to prevent its recurrence. The provisions of this code are admissible in evidence and if relevant may be taken into account in any criminal or other proceedings before a court or other relevant bodies (Section 56(4) of the Employment Equality Acts 1998-2015).

Nacionalinė LGBT teisių organizacija (National LGBT Rights Organization)


Provides pro bono legal assistance for LGBT+ community members who have suffered from discrimination or hate crimes. English site available here.

Ši organizacija teikia pro bono teisinę pagalbą LGBTIQ bendruomenės nariams, nukentėjusiems nuo diskriminacijos ar neapykantos nusikaltimų.

Platform Mano Teisės ("My Rights")

Gender discrimination, Gender violence in conflict, LGBTIQ

The purpose of this platform, financed by the European Union and created by non-governmental organizations, is to report hate crimes based on age, gender, sexual orientation, disability, race, nationality, language, origin, social status, religion, belief, or opinion. The platform gives the option to forward the report to the police, non-governmental organizations, or to allow the Lithuanian Human Rights Center (“Lietuvos žmogaus teisių centras”) to anonymize the provided information for purposes of systematically informing governmental institutions and the media about the prevalence and circumstances of hate crimes.

Šios Europos Sąjungos finansuojamos ir nevyriausybinių organizacijų sukurtos platformos tikslas—pranešti apie neapykantos nusikaltimus dėl amžiaus, lyties, seksualinės orientacijos, negalios, rasės, tautybės, kalbos, kilmės, socialinės padėties, religijos, tikėjimo ar nuomonės. Platforma suteikia galimybę pranešti apie šio pobūdžio nusikaltimą policijai ir nevyriausybinėms organizacijoms, arba leisti Lietuvos žmogaus teisių centrui anonimizuoti pateiktą informaciją, siekiant sistemingai informuoti valdžios institucijas ir žiniasklaidą apie neapykantos nusikaltimų paplitimą ir aplinkybes.

Judicial System of Portugal (2019)

Gender discrimination

Portugal has a code-based civil law justice system, and its judiciary is divided between civil and administrative courts. The civil courts, which have jurisdiction over gender discrimination matters, are structured in a hierarchy. The lowest level civil court is the District Court (the Tribunal Judicial de Comarca), which is subordinate to the Appellate Court (the Tribunal da Relação), which is subordinate to the Superior Court of Justice (the Superior Tribunal de Justiça). The Judicial District Courts have the broadest jurisdiction, and issues initial judgments on the cases brought before it, after determining the findings of fact and rulings of law. Parties may appeal to the appropriate Appellate Court, which may review the findings of fact and rulings of law. Decisions rendered by the Appellate Court are final with respect to the findings of fact. However, should there still be dispute about the rulings of law, parties may file a final appeal before the Superior Court of Justice, and any judgment issued by the Superior Court of Justice is final and non-appealable.

Checklist for Domestic Application of International Law (2010)

Gender-based violence in general

This reference guide aims to assist judges and other legal professionals in applying international law in domestic courts.