(a) Basis and scope. This section is based on section 1903(d)(5) of the Act, which requires that the Secretary charge a State interest on the Federal share of claims that have been disallowed but have been retained by the State during the administrative appeals process under section 1116(d) of the Act and the Secretary later recovers after the administrative appeals process has been completed. This section does not apply to—
(1) Claims that have been deferred by the Secretary and disallowed within the time limits of § 430.40 of this chapter. Deferral of claims for FFP; or
(2) Claims for expenditures that have never been paid on a grant award; or
(3) Disallowances of any claims for services furnished before October 1, 1980, regardless of the date of the claim submitted to CMS.
(b) General principles.(1) CMS will charge a State interest on FFP when—
(i) CMS has notified the Medicaid agency under 45 CFR 74.304 that a State claim for FFP is not allowable;
(ii) The agency has appealed the disallowance to the Grant Appeals Board under 45 CFR Part 16 and has chosen to retain the FFP during the administrative appeals process in accordance with paragraph (c)(2) of this section; and
(iii) (A) The Board has made a final determination upholding part or all of the disallowance; (B) the agency has withdrawn its appeal on all or part of the disallowance; or (C) the agency has reversed its decision to retain the funds without withdrawing its appeal and the Board upholds all or part of the disallowance.
(2) If the courts overturn, in whole or in part, a Board decision that has sustained a disallowance, CMS will return the principal and the interest collected on the funds that were disallowed, upon the completion of all judicial appeals.
(3) Unless an agency decides to withdraw its appeal on part of the disallowance and therefore returns only that part of the funds on which it has withdrawn its appeal, any decision to retain or return disallowed funds must apply to the entire amount in dispute.
(4) If the agency elects to have CMS recover the disputed amount, it may not reverse that election.
(c) State procedures.(1) If the Medicaid agency has appealed a disallowance to the Board and wishes to retain the disallowed funds until the Board issues a final determination, the agency must notify the CMS Regional Administrator in writing of its decision to do so.
(2) The agency must mail its notice to the CMS Regional Administrator within 30 days of the date of receipt of the notice of the disallowance, as established by the certified mail receipt accompanying the notices.
(3) If the agency withdraws either its decision to retain the FFP or its appeal on all or part of the FFP or both, the agency must notify CMS in writing.
(4) If the agency does not notify the CMS Regional Administrator within the time limit set forth in paragraph (c)(2) of this section. CMS will recover the amount of the disallowed funds from the next possible Medicaid grant award to the State.
(d) Amount of interest charged.(1) If the agency retains funds that later become subject to an interest charge under paragraph (b) of this section, CMS will offset from the next Medicaid grant award to the State the amount of the funds subject to the interest charge, plus interest on that amount.
(2) The interest charge is at the rate CMS determines to be the average of the bond equivalent of the weekly 90-day Treasury bill auction rates during the period for which interest will be charged.
(e) Duration of interest.(1) The interest charge on the amount of disallowed FFP retained by the agency will begin on the date of the disallowance notice and end—
(i) On the date of the final determination by the Board;
(ii) On the date CMS receives written notice from the State that it is withdrawing its appeal on all of the disallowed funds; or
(iii) If the agency withdraws its appeal on part of the funds, on (A) the date CMS receives written notice from the agency that it is withdrawing its appeal on a specified part of the disallowed funds for the part on which the agency withdraws its appeal; and (B) the date of the final determination by the Board on the part for which the agency pursues its appeal; or
(iv) The date CMS receives written notice from the agency that it no longer chooses to retain the funds.
(2) CMS will not charge interest on FFP retained by an agency for more than 12 months for disallowances of FFP made between October 1, 1980 and August 13, 1981.
[48 FR 29485, June 27, 1983]
Title 42 published on 2012-10-01
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