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TOPICAL INDEX

This index contains links to the many topics covered in this introduction to legal citation. It can be used like a print index. Its entries are alphabetically arrayed with linked cross references. To find and then scroll through the entries beginning with a particular letter, click on the letter or range of letters you want.

A-B C D-F G-K L-O P-R S-Z

A

Abbreviations

(see also Citation principles, compaction principles and Purposes of citation)
court of decision
journals, most often cited
months
party names
periods in
prior history phrases
reporter names
spacing
state names
subsequent history phrases

"Accord"

(see also Signals)

Address principles

Administrative Agencies

adjudications
reports
regulations

Advisory opinions

ALWD Guide to Legal Citation cross reference table

American Law Reports (A.L.R.)

Annotations, citation of

Arbitrations, citation of

Attorney general opinions (see Advisory opinions)

Author's name

(see also Book citations and Journals)
books, individual authors
books, multiple authors
journal articles

B

Bankruptcy Reporter

Bills, citation to

Bluebook rules cross reference table

Book citations

(see also Parenthetical references, books)
by institutional authors
examples
in general
services
short forms

Book reviews (see Journals)

Briefs

citation form in briefs
citations to

"But cf."

(see also Signals)

"But see"

(see also Signals)

C

Case citations

(see also Dates, Ordinal numbers, Party names, Reporters, Signals and State decisions)
address or ID
conditional items in case citations
dictum
dissenting opinion
electronically reported
examples
federal decisions
in general
in-state citation
initials in party names
looseleaf services
media-neutral citation
omissions in party names
order of citation
out-of-state citation
parallel citation
parenthetical references
parties' names (see also Abbreviations)
plurality opinion
prior history, explanatory phrases
procedural phrases in case names
recent decisions
sentences, citation in
short forms
slip opinions
state decisions
subsequent history, explanatory phrases
unreported decisions

Case documents (see Documents)

"Cf."

(see also Signals)

Citation

learning
levels of mastery
media-neutral
purposes
types of principles

Citation clauses

Citation principles

address principles
compaction principles
content principles
format principles
generally

Citation sentences

"City of," in party names

Code of Federal Regulations (C.F.R.)

Codes (see Statute citations)

Compaction principles

"Compare...with"

(see also Signals)

Constitution citations

examples
in general
punctuation in citations to
short forms

"Contra"

(see also Signals)

Content principles

Court of decision

parenthetical reference

Court documents (see Documents)

Court of Claims Reports (Ct. Cl.)

Courts

federal citation examples
parenthetical reference to
state citation examples

D

Dates

in case citations
month abbreviations
year of decision

Decisions (see Case citations)

Docket number

when required

Documents

(see also Parenthetical references, documents)
citation to case documents

E

"E.g."

(see also Signals)

Electronic databases

"Et al."

in book citations
in journal citations

Evidence, rules of

"Ex rel." in case name

Executive orders

F

Federal decisions, examples

Federal Register

Federal regulations (see Regulation citations)

Federal Regulations, Code of

Federal Reporter, examples of citation

Federal reporters, abbreviations

Federal Rules Decisions, examples of citation

Federal statutes

(see also Statute citations)

Federal Supplement, examples of citation

Footnotes

Format principles

Full address principles

G

Geographic abbreviations

H

History, words indicating

I

"In re," in case names

"In rem," in case names

Initials

in party names
in book author names
in journal author names

Institutional services (see Services)

Internal Revenue Code

International agreements (see Treaties)

Italics

J

Journals

abbreviations, most often cited
article citations
book reviews
citation forms, in general
examples
short form citation
student writings
symposia
title spacing

L

Law journals (see Journals)

Law reviews (see Journals)

Lawyer's Edition, examples of citation

LEXIS

Local ordinances

Location phrases, in party names

Looseleaf services

cases reported in

M

Memorandum, citations to

Military Justice Reporter, examples of citation

Minimum content principles

Model codes

Month, abbreviations

Municipal ordinances (see Local Ordinances)

N

Names

abbreviations in party names
given names, in cases, articles, and books, (see Initials)
omissions in party names

Numbers (see Ordinal numbers)

O

"Of America," in party names

Omissions, in party names

Order of citation

(see also Signals)

Ordinal numbers

Ordinances (see Local Ordinances)

P

Parallel citation

agency material
cases
electronic sources

Parenthetical references

arbitration citations
books
court of decision
date of decision
dictum or dissenting opinion
documents
in quotations
journal articles
regulations
services
session laws
statutes
with signals

Party names

abbreviations
in general
omissions in
states in party names

Presidential proclamations

Prior history

explanatory phrases, examples

Procedural phrases, in case names

Procedure, rules of

Publisher services (see Services)

Publisher's name

in book citations
state code citations
unofficial code citations

Punctuation

(see also Citation principles and Format principles)

Purposes of citation

Q

Quotations

R

Reading citations

Recent decisions

Records (see Documents)

Redundancy (see Citation principles, compaction principles)

Regulation citations

(see also Parenthetical references, regulations)
Code of Federal Regulations (C.F.R.)
examples
Federal Register
federal regulations
short form citation
state regulations
uncodified regulations

Reporters

(see also Case citations, address or ID)
federal abbreviations
looseleaf services
state and D.C. abbreviations

Reports of the United States Tax Court, examples of citation

Restatements

Rules of procedure

Rules of evidence

S

"See"

(see also Signals)

"See also"

(see also Signals)

"See generally"

(see also Signals)

Sentences, citation in

Sentencing guidelines

Services

Session laws

(see also Parenthetical references, session laws)

Short forms

Signals

"accord"
"but cf."
"but see"
"cf."
"compare...with"
"contra"
"e.g."
generally
multiple signals
order of signals and citations
preceding signal, none
"see"
"see also"
"see generally"

Spacing conventions

State abbreviations

State decisions

administrative rulings
cases, examples of citation

"State of," in party names

State statutes

(see also Statute citations)

Statute citation

(see also Parenthetical references, statutes)
bills
division identification in state codes
federal statutes
Internal Revenue Code
named statutes
official versus unofficial codifications
pocket parts
session laws
short form citation
state statutes
supplements
uniform acts

Student work, in journal citations

Subsequent actions, omitted in case names

Subsequent history

(see also Citation principles, content principles)
explanatory phrases

Supreme Court Reporter, examples of citation

T

Tables of authorities

Territorial abbreviations

"The," in case names

Treaties and other international agreements

Treatises (see Book citations)

U

Underlining or italics

Uniform acts

"United States," in case names

United States Claims Court Reporter, examples of citation

United States Reports, examples of citation

Unreported or unpublished cases

V

Volume Numbers

books
case reports
journals

W

WESTLAW

Y

Year

of decision
of regulatory compilation
of statutory compilation

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