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Rule 4004. Grant or Denial of Discharge
Time for Objecting to Discharge; Notice of Time Fixed. In a chapter 7 case, a complaint, or a motion under § 727(a)(8) or (a)(9) of the Code, objecting to the debtor’s discharge shall be filed no later than 60 days after the first date set for the meeting of creditors under § 341(a). In a chapter 11 case, the complaint shall be filed no later than the first date set for the hearing on confirmation. In a chapter 13 case, a motion objecting to the debtor’s discharge under § 1328(f) shall be filed no later than 60 days after the first date set for the meeting of creditors under § 341(a). At least 28 days’ notice of the time so fixed shall be given to the United States trustee and all creditors as provided in Rule
(f) and (k) and to the trustee and the trustee’s attorney.
Extension of Time.
On motion of any party in interest, after notice and hearing, the court may for cause extend the time to object to discharge. Except as provided in subdivision (b)(2), the motion shall be filed before the time has expired.
A motion to extend the time to object to discharge may be filed after the time for objection has expired and before discharge is granted if
the objection is based on facts that, if learned after the discharge, would provide a basis for revocation under § 727(d) of the Code, and
the movant did not have knowledge of those facts in time to permit an objection. The motion shall be filed promptly after the movant discovers the facts on which the objection is based.
Grant of Discharge.
In a chapter 7 case, on expiration of the times fixed for objecting to discharge and for filing a motion to dismiss the case under Rule
(e), the court shall forthwith grant the discharge unless:
the debtor is not an individual;
a complaint, or a motion under § 727(a)(8) or (a)(9), objecting to the discharge has been filed and not decided in the debtor’s favor;
the debtor has filed a waiver under § 727(a)(10);
a motion to dismiss the case under § 707 is pending;
a motion to extend the time for filing a complaint objecting to the discharge is pending;
a motion to extend the time for filing a motion to dismiss the case under Rule
(e)(1) is pending;
the debtor has not paid in full the filing fee prescribed by 28 U.S.C. § 1930
(a) and any other fee prescribed by the Judicial Conference of the United States under 28 U.S.C. § 1930
(b) that is payable to the clerk upon the commencement of a case under the Code, unless the court has waived the fees under 28 U.S.C. § 1930
the debtor has not filed with the court a statement of completion of a course concerning personal financial management as required by Rule
a motion to delay or postpone discharge under § 727(a)(12) is pending;
a motion to enlarge the time to file a reaffirmation agreement under Rule
(a) is pending;
a presumption has arisen under § 524(m) that a reaffirmation agreement is an undue hardship; or
a motion is pending to delay discharge, because the debtor has not filed with the court all tax documents required to be filed under § 521(f).
(c)(1), on motion of the debtor, the court may defer the entry of an order granting a discharge for 30 days and, on motion within that period, the court may defer entry of the order to a date certain.
If the debtor is required to file a statement under Rule
(b)(8), the court shall not grant a discharge earlier than 30 days after the statement is filed.
In a chapter 11 case in which the debtor is an individual, or a chapter 13 case, the court shall not grant a discharge if the debtor has not filed any statement required by Rule
Applicability of Rules in Part VII and Rule 9014. An objection to discharge is governed by Part VII of these rules, except that an objection to discharge under §§ 727(a)(8), (a)(9), or
(f) is commenced by motion and governed by Rule
Order of Discharge. An order of discharge shall conform to the appropriate Official Form.
Registration in Other Districts. An order of discharge that has become final may be registered in any other district by filing a certified copy of the order in the office of the clerk of that district. When so registered the order of discharge shall have the same effect as an order of the court of the district where registered.
Notice of Discharge. The clerk shall promptly mail a copy of the final order of discharge to those specified in subdivision (a) of this rule.
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