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Rule 38. Staying a Sentence or a Disability
Death Sentence. The court must stay a death sentence if the defendant appeals the conviction or sentence.
Stay Granted. If the defendant is released pending appeal, the court must stay a sentence of imprisonment.
Stay Denied; Place of Confinement. If the defendant is not released pending appeal, the court may recommend to the Attorney General that the defendant be confined near the place of the trial or appeal for a period reasonably necessary to permit the defendant to assist in preparing the appeal.
Fine. If the defendant appeals, the district court, or the court of appeals under Federal Rule of Appellate Procedure 8, may stay a sentence to pay a fine or a fine and costs. The court may stay the sentence on any terms considered appropriate and may require the defendant to:
deposit all or part of the fine and costs into the district court’s registry pending appeal;
post a bond to pay the fine and costs; or
submit to an examination concerning the defendant’s assets and, if appropriate, order the defendant to refrain from dissipating assets.
Probation. If the defendant appeals, the court may stay a sentence of probation. The court must set the terms of any stay.
Restitution and Notice to Victims.
In General. If the defendant appeals, the district court, or the court of appeals under Federal Rule of Appellate Procedure 8, may stay—on any terms considered appropriate—any sentence providing for restitution under 18 U.S.C. § 3556 or notice under 18 U.S.C. § 3555.
Ensuring Compliance. The court may issue any order reasonably necessary to ensure compliance with a restitution order or a notice order after disposition of an appeal, including:
an order requiring the defendant to deposit all or part of any monetary restitution into the district court’s registry; or
an order requiring the defendant to post a bond.
Forfeiture. A stay of a forfeiture order is governed by Rule
Disability. If the defendant’s conviction or sentence creates a civil or employment disability under federal law, the district court, or the court of appeals under Federal Rule of Appellate Procedure 8, may stay the disability pending appeal on any terms considered appropriate. The court may issue any order reasonably necessary to protect the interest represented by the disability pending appeal, including a restraining order or an injunction.
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