§ 1177. Capital construction fund
(a) Agreement rules; persons eligible; replacement, additional, or reconstructed vessels for prescribed trade and fishery operations; amount of deposits, annual limitation; conditions and requirements for deposits and withdrawals
Any citizen of the United States owning or leasing one or more eligible vessels (as defined in subsection (k)(1) of this section) may enter into an agreement with the Secretary under, and as provided in, this section to establish a capital construction fund (hereinafter in this section referred to as the “fund”) with respect to any or all of such vessels. Any agreement entered into under this section shall be for the purpose of providing replacement vessels, additional vessels, or reconstructed vessels, built in the United States and documented under the laws of the United States for operation in the United States foreign, Great Lakes, or noncontiguous domestic trade or in the fisheries of the United States and shall provide for the deposit in the fund of the amounts agreed upon as necessary or appropriate to provide for qualified withdrawals under subsection (f) of this section. The deposits in the fund, and all withdrawals from the fund, whether qualified or nonqualified, shall be subject to such conditions and requirements as the Secretary may by regulations prescribe or are set forth in such agreement; except that the Secretary may not require any person to deposit in the fund for any taxable year more than 50 percent of that portion of such person’s taxable income for such year (computed in the manner provided in subsection (b)(1)(A) of this section) which is attributable to the operation of the agreement vessels.
(b) Ceiling on deposits; lessees; “agreement vessel” defined
(1) The amount deposited under subsection (a) of this section in the fund for any taxable year shall not exceed the sum of:
(A) that portion of the taxable income of the owner or lessee for such year (computed as provided in chapter 1 of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986 [26 U.S.C. 1 et seq.] but without regard to the carryback of any net operating loss or net capital loss and without regard to this section) which is attributable to the operation of the agreement vessels in the foreign or domestic commerce of the United States or in the fisheries of the United States,
(B) the amount allowable as a deduction under section 167 of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986 [26 U.S.C. 167] for such year with respect to the agreement vessels,
(C) if the transaction is not taken into account for purposes of subparagraph (A), the net proceeds (as defined in joint regulations) from
(2) In the case of a lessee, the maximum amount which may be deposited with respect to an agreement vessel by reason of paragraph (1)(B) for any period shall be reduced by any amount which, under an agreement entered into under this section, the owner is required or permitted to deposit for such period with respect to such vessel by reason of paragraph (1)(B).
(c) Investment requirements; depositories; fiduciary requirements; interest-bearing securities; stock: percentage for domestic issues, listing and registration, prudent acquisitions, value and percentage equilibrium, and treatment of preferred issues
Amounts in any fund established under this section shall be kept in the depository or depositories specified in the agreement and shall be subject to such trustee and other fiduciary requirements as may be specified by the Secretary. They may be invested only in interest-bearing securities approved by the Secretary; except that, if the Secretary consents thereto, an agreed percentage (not in excess of 60 percent) of the assets of the fund may be invested in the stock of domestic corporations. Such stock must be currently fully listed and registered on an exchange registered with the Securities and Exchange Commission as a national securities exchange, and must be stock which would be acquired by prudent men of discretion and intelligence in such matters who are seeking a reasonable income and the preservation of their capital. If at any time the fair market value of the stock in the fund is more than the agreed percentage of the assets in the fund, any subsequent investment of amounts deposited in the fund, and any subsequent withdrawal from the fund, shall be made in such a way as to tend to restore the fund to a situation in which the fair market value of the stock does not exceed such agreed percentage. For purposes of this subsection, if the common stock of a corporation meets the requirements of this subsection and if the preferred stock of such corporation would meet such requirements but for the fact that it cannot be listed and registered as required because it is nonvoting stock, such preferred stock shall be treated as meeting the requirements of this subsection.
(d) Nontaxability of deposits; eligible deposits
(1) For purposes of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986—
(A) taxable income (determined without regard to this section and section 7518 of such Code [26 U.S.C. 7518]) for the taxable year shall be reduced by an amount equal to the amount deposited for the taxable year out of amounts referred to in subsection (b)(1)(A) of this section,
(B) gain from a transaction referred to in subsection (b)(1)(C) of this section, shall not be taken into account if an amount equal to the net proceeds (as defined in joint regulations) from such transaction is deposited in the fund,
(C) the earnings (including gains and losses) from the investment and reinvestment of amounts held in the fund shall not be taken into account,
(D) the earnings and profits of any corporation (within the meaning of section 316 of such Code [26 U.S.C. 316]) shall be determined without regard to this section and section 7518 of such Code [26 U.S.C. 7518], and
(e) Accounts within fund: capital account, capital gain account, and ordinary income account; limitation on capital losses
For purposes of this section—
(1) Within the fund established pursuant to this section three accounts shall be maintained:
(2) The capital account shall consist of—
(B) amounts referred to in subsection (b)(1)(C) of this section other than that portion thereof which represents gain not taken into account by reason of subsection (d)(1)(B) of this section,
(C) the percentage applicable under section 243(a)(1) of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986 [26 U.S.C. 243 (a)(1)] of any dividend received by the fund with respect to which the person maintaining the fund would (but for subsection (d)(1)(C) of this section) be allowed a deduction under section 243 of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986 [26 U.S.C. 243], and
(3) The capital gain account shall consist of—
(A) amounts representing capital gains on assets held for more than 6 months and referred to in subsection (b)(1)(C) or (b)(1)(D) of this section reduced by
(4) The ordinary income account shall consist of—
(i) amounts representing capital gains on assets held for 6 months or less and referred to in subsection (b)(1)(C) or (b)(1)(D) of this section, reduced by—
(C) interest (not including any tax-exempt interest referred to in paragraph (2)(D)) and other ordinary income (not including any dividend referred to in subparagraph (E)) received on assets held in the fund,
(f) Purposes of qualified withdrawals; nonqualified withdrawal treatment for nonfulfillment of substantial obligations
(1) A qualified withdrawal from the fund is one made in accordance with the terms of the agreement but only if it is for:
(B) the acquisition, construction, or reconstruction of barges and containers which are part of the complement of a qualified vessel, or
(C) the payment of the principal on indebtedness incurred in connection with the acquisition, construction or reconstruction of a qualified vessel or a barge or container which is part of the complement of a qualified vessel.
Except to the extent provided in regulations prescribed by the Secretary, subparagraph (B), and so much of subparagraph (C) as relates only to barges and containers, shall apply only with respect to barges and containers constructed in the United States.
(2) Under joint regulations, if the Secretary determines that any substantial obligation under any agreement is not being fulfilled, he may, after notice and opportunity for hearing to the person maintaining the fund, treat the entire fund or any portion thereof as an amount withdrawn from the fund in a nonqualified withdrawal.
(g) Tax treatment of qualified withdrawals; basis: reduction
(1) Any qualified withdrawal from a fund shall be treated—
(2) If any portion of a qualified withdrawal for a vessel, barge, or container is made out of the ordinary income account, the basis of such vessel, barge, or container shall be reduced by an amount equal to such portion.
(3) If any portion of a qualified withdrawal for a vessel, barge, or container is made out of the capital gain account, the basis of such vessel, barge, or container shall be reduced by an amount equal to such portion.
(4) If any portion of a qualified withdrawal to pay the principal on any indebtedness is made out of the ordinary income account or the capital gain account, then an amount equal to the aggregate reduction which would be required by paragraphs (2) and (3) if this were a qualified withdrawal for a purpose described in such paragraphs shall be applied,in the order provided in joint regulations, to reduce the basis of vessels, barges, and containers owned by the person maintaining the fund. Any amount of a withdrawal remaining after the application of the preceding sentence shall be treated as a nonqualified withdrawal.
(5) If any property the basis of which was reduced under paragraph (2), (3), or (4) is disposed of, any gain realized on such disposition, to the extent it does not exceed the aggregate reduction in the basis of such property under such paragraphs, shall be treated as an amount referred to in subsection (h)(3)(A) of this section which was withdrawn on the date of such disposition. Subject to such conditions and requirements as may be provided in joint regulations, the preceding sentence shall not apply to a disposition where there is a redeposit in an amount determined under joint regulations which will, insofar as practicable, restore the fund to the position it was in before the withdrawal.
(h) Tax treatment of nonqualified withdrawals; FIFO and LIFO bases; interest rate; amounts not withdrawn after 25 years; highest marginal rate of tax
(1) Except as provided in subsection (i) of this section, any withdrawal from a fund which is not a qualified withdrawal shall be treated as a nonqualified withdrawal.
(2) Any nonqualified withdrawal from a fund shall be treated—
For purposes of this section, items withdrawn from any account shall be treated as withdrawn on a first-in-first-out basis; except that
(i) any nonqualified withdrawal for research, development, and design expenses incident to new and advanced ship design, machinery and equipment, and
(ii) any amount treated as a nonqualified withdrawal under the second sentence of subsection (g)(4) of this section, shall be treated as withdrawn on a last-in-first-out basis.
(3) For purposes of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986—
(A) any amount referred to in paragraph (2)(A) shall be included in income as an item of ordinary income for the taxable year in which the withdrawal is made,
(B) any amount referred to in paragraph (2)(B) shall be included in income for the taxable year in which the withdrawal is made as an item of gain realized during such year from the disposition of an asset held for more than 6 months, and
(C) for the period on or before the last date prescribed for payment of tax for the taxable year in which this withdrawal is made—
(i) no interest shall be payable under section 6601 of such Code [26 U.S.C. 6601] and no addition to the tax shall be payable under section 6651 of such Code [26 U.S.C. 6651],
(ii) interest on the amount of the additional tax attributable to any item referred to in subparagraph (A) or (B) shall be paid at the applicable rate (as defined in paragraph (4)) from the last date prescribed for payment of the tax for the taxable year for which such item was deposited in the fund, and
(4) For purposes of paragraph (3)(C)(ii), the applicable rate of interest for any nonqualified withdrawal—
(B) made in a taxable year beginning after 1971, shall be determined and published jointly by the Secretary of the Treasury and the Secretary and shall bear a relationship to 8 percent which the Secretaries determine under joint regulations to be comparable to the relationship which the money rates and investment yields for the calendar year immediately preceding the beginning of the taxable year bear to the money rates and investment yields for the calendar year 1970.
(5) Amount not withdrawn from fund after 25 years from deposit taxed as nonqualified withdrawal.—
(A) In general.— The applicable percentage of any amount which remains in a capital construction fund at the close of the 26th, 27th, 28th, 29th, or 30th taxable year following the taxable year for which such amount was deposited shall be treated as a nonqualified withdrawal in accordance with the following table: If the amount remains in the fund at the The applicable close of the— percentage is— 26th taxable year 20 percent 27th taxable year 40 percent 28th taxable year 60 percent 29th taxable year 80 percent 30th taxable year 100 percent.
(B) Earnings treated as deposits.— The earnings of any capital construction fund for any taxable year (other than net gains) shall be treated for purposes of this paragraph as an amount deposited for such taxable year.
(C) Amounts committed treated as withdrawn.— For purposes of subparagraph (A), an amount shall not be treated as remaining in a capital construction fund at the close of any taxable year to the extent there is a binding contract at the close of such year for a qualified withdrawal of such amount with respect to an identified item for which such withdrawal may be made.
(D) Authority to treat excess funds as withdrawn.— If the Secretary determines that the balance in any capital construction fund exceeds the amount which is appropriate to meet the vessel construction program objectives of the person who established such fund, the amount of such excess shall be treated as a nonqualified withdrawal under subparagraph (A) unless such person develops appropriate program objectives within 3 years to dissipate such excess.
(6) Nonqualified withdrawals taxed at highest marginal rate.—
(A) In general.— In the case of any taxable year for which there is a nonqualified withdrawal (including any amount so treated under paragraph (5)), the tax imposed by chapter 1 of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986 [26 U.S.C. 1 et seq.] shall be determined—
(ii) by increasing the tax imposed by chapter 1 of such Code by the product of the amount of such withdrawal and the highest rate of tax specified in section 1 (section 11 in the case of a corporation) of such Code [26 U.S.C. 1, 11].
With respect to the portion of any nonqualified withdrawal made out of the capital gain account during a taxable year to which section 1(h) or 1201(a) of such Code [26 U.S.C. 1 (h), 1201 (a)] applies, the rate of tax taken into account under the preceding sentence shall not exceed 15 percent (34 percent in the case of a corporation).
(B) Tax benefit rule.— If any portion of a nonqualified withdrawal is properly attributable to deposits (other than earnings on deposits) made by the taxpayer in any taxable year which did not reduce the taxpayer’s liability for tax under chapter 1 [26 U.S.C. 1 et seq.] for any taxable year preceding the taxable year in which such withdrawal occurs—
(i) Corporate reorganizations and partnership changes
Under joint regulations—
(1) a transfer of a fund from one person to another person in a transaction to which section 381 of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986 [26 U.S.C. 381] applies may be treated as if such transaction did not constitute a nonqualified withdrawal, and
(j) Treatment of existing funds; relation of old to new fund
(1) Any person who was maintaining a fund or funds (hereinafter in this subsection referred to as “old fund”) under this section (as in effect before the enactment of this subsection) may elect to continue such old fund but—
(A) may not hold moneys in the old fund beyond the expiration date provided in the agreement under which such old fund is maintained (determined without regard to any extension or renewal entered into after April 14, 1970),
(B) may not simultaneously maintain such old fund and a new fund established under this section, and
(2) In the case of any extension of an agreement pursuant to paragraph (1)(C), each item in the old fund to be transferred shall be transferred in a nontaxable transaction to the appropriate account in the new fund established under this section. For purposes of subsection (h)(3)(C) of this section, the date of the deposit of any item so transferred shall be July 1, 1971, or the date of the deposit in the old fund, whichever is the later.
For purposes of this section—
(1) The term “eligible vessel” means any vessel—
(C) operated in the foreign or domestic commerce of the United States or in the fisheries of the United States.
Any vessel which
(i) was constructed outside of the United States but documented under the laws of the United States on April 15, 1970, or
(ii) constructed outside the United States for use in the United States foreign trade pursuant to a contract entered into before April 15, 1970, shall be treated as satisfying the requirements of subparagraph (A) of this paragraph and the requirements of subparagraph (A) of paragraph (2).
(2) The term “qualified vessel” means any vessel—
(3) The term “agreement vessel” means any eligible vessel or qualified vessel which is subject to an agreement entered into under this section.
(4) The term “United States”, when used in a geographical sense, means the continental United States including Alaska, Hawaii, and Puerto Rico.
(5) The term “United States foreign trade” includes (but is not limited to) those areas in domestic trade in which a vessel built with construction-differential subsidy is permitted to operate under the first sentence of section 1156 of this Appendix.
(7) The term “vessel” includes cargo handling equipment which the Secretary determines is intended for use primarily on the vessel. The term “vessel” also includes an ocean-going towing vessel or an ocean-going barge or comparable towing vessel or barge operated on the Great Lakes.
(8) The term “noncontiguous trade” means
(i) trade between the contiguous forty-eight States on the one hand and Alaska, Hawaii, Puerto Rico and the insular territories and possessions of the United States on the other hand, and
(ii) trade from any point in Alaska, Hawaii, Puerto Rico, and such territories and possessions to any other point in Alaska, Hawaii, Puerto Rico, and such territories and possessions.
(l) Records; reports; rules and regulations; termination of agreement upon changes in regulations with substantial effect on rights or obligations
Each person maintaining a fund under this section shall keep such records and shall make such reports as the Secretary or the Secretary of the Treasury shall require. The Secretary of the Treasury and the Secretary shall jointly prescribe all rules and regulations, not inconsistent with the foregoing provisions of this section, as may be necessary or appropriate to the determination of tax liability under this section. If, after an agreement has been entered into under this section, a change is made either in the joint regulations or in the regulations prescribed by the Secretary under this section which could have a substantial effect on the rights or obligations of any person maintaining a fund under this section, such person may terminate such agreement.
(m) Departmental reports and certification
(1) In general
For each calendar year, the Secretaries shall each provide the Secretary of the Treasury, within 120 days after the close of such calendar year, a written report with respect to those capital construction funds that are under their jurisdiction.
(2) Contents of reports
Each report shall set forth the name and taxpayer identification number of each person—
(D) making any withdrawal from or deposit into (and the amounts thereof) a capital construction fund during such calendar year; or
 So in original. Probably should be followed by “of chapter 1”.
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