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§ 1705. Action on agreements

(a) Notice
Within 7 days after an agreement is filed, the Commission shall transmit a notice of its filing to the Federal Register for publication.
(b) Review standard
The Commission shall reject any agreement filed under section 1704 (a) of this Appendix that, after preliminary review, it finds does not meet the requirements of section 1704 of this Appendix. The Commission shall notify in writing the person filing the agreement of the reason for rejection of the agreement.
(c) Review and effective date
Unless rejected by the Commission under subsection (b) of this section, agreements, other than assessment agreements, shall become effective—
(1) on the 45th day after filing, or on the 30th day after notice of the filing is published in the Federal Register, whichever day is later; or
(2) if additional information or documentary material is requested under subsection (d) of this section, on the 45th day after the Commission receives—
(A) all the additional information and documentary material requested; or
(B) if the request is not fully complied with, the information and documentary material submitted and a statement of the reasons for noncompliance with the request. The period specified in paragraph (2) may be extended only by the United States District Court for the District of Columbia upon an application of the Commission under subsection (i) of this section.
(d) Additional information
Before the expiration of the period specified in subsection (c)(1) of this section, the Commission may request from the person filing the agreement any additional information and documentary material it deems necessary to make the determinations required by this section.
(e) Request for expedited approval
The Commission may, upon request of the filing party, shorten the review period specified in subsection (c) of this section, but in no event to a date less than 14 days after notice of the filing of the agreement is published in the Federal Register.
(f) Term of agreements
The Commission may not limit the effectiveness of an agreement to a fixed term.
(g) Substantially anticompetitive agreements
If, at any time after the filing or effective date of an agreement, the Commission determines that the agreement is likely, by a reduction in competition, to produce an unreasonable reduction in transportation service or an unreasonable increase in transportation cost, it may, after notice to the person filing the agreement, seek appropriate injunctive relief under subsection (h) of this section.
(h) Injunctive relief
The Commission may, upon making the determination specified in subsection (g) of this section, bring suit in the United States District Court for the District of Columbia to enjoin operation of the agreement. The court may issue a temporary restraining order or preliminary injunction and, upon a showing that the agreement is likely, by a reduction in competition, to produce an unreasonable reduction in transportation service or an unreasonable increase in transportation cost, may enter a permanent injunction. In a suit under this subsection, the burden of proof is on the Commission. The court may not allow a third party to intervene with respect to a claim under this subsection.
(i) Compliance with informational needs
If a person filing an agreement, or an officer, director, partner, agent, or employee thereof, fails substantially to comply with a request for the submission of additional information or documentary material within the period specified in subsection (c) of this section, the United States District Court for the District of Columbia, at the request of the Commission—
(1) may order compliance;
(2) shall extend the period specified in subsection (c)(2) of this section until there has been substantial compliance; and
(3) may grant such other equitable relief as the court in its discretion determines necessary or appropriate.
(j) Nondisclosure of submitted material
Except for an agreement filed under section 1704 of this Appendix, information and documentary material filed with the Commission under section 1704 of this Appendix or this section is exempt from disclosure under section 552 of title 5 and may not be made public except as may be relevant to an administrative or judicial action or proceeding. This section does not prevent disclosure to either body of Congress or to a duly authorized committee or subcommittee of Congress.
(k) Representation
Upon notice to the Attorney General, the Commission may represent itself in district court proceedings under subsections (h) and (i) of this section and section 1710 (h) of this Appendix. With the approval of the Attorney General, the Commission may represent itself in proceedings in the United States Courts of Appeal under subsections (h) and (i) of this section and section 1710 (h) of this Appendix.

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