12 U.S. Code § 2803 - Maintenance of records and public disclosure

(a) Duty of depository institutions; nature and content of information
(1) Each depository institution which has a home office or branch office located within a primary metropolitan statistical area, metropolitan statistical area, or consolidated metropolitan statistical area that is not comprised of designated primary metropolitan statistical areas, as defined by the Department of Commerce shall compile and make available, in accordance with regulations of the Bureau, to the public for inspection and copying at the home office, and at least one branch office within each primary metropolitan statistical area, metropolitan statistical area, or consolidated metropolitan statistical area that is not comprised of designated primary metropolitan statistical areas in which the depository institution has an office the number and total dollar amount of mortgage loans which were
(A) originated (or for which the institution received completed applications), or
(B) purchased by that institution during each fiscal year (beginning with the last full fiscal year of that institution which immediately preceded the effective date of this chapter).
(2) The information required to be maintained and made available under paragraph (1) shall also be itemized in order to clearly and conspicuously disclose the following:
(A) The number and dollar amount for each item referred to in paragraph (1), by census tracts for mortgage loans secured by property located within any county with a population of more than 30,000, within that primary metropolitan statistical area, metropolitan statistical area, or consolidated metropolitan statistical area that is not comprised of designated primary metropolitan statistical areas, otherwise, by county, for mortgage loans secured by property located within any other county within that primary metropolitan statistical area, metropolitan statistical area, or consolidated metropolitan statistical area that is not comprised of designated primary metropolitan statistical areas.
(B) The number and dollar amount for each item referred to in paragraph (1) for all such mortgage loans which are secured by property located outside that primary metropolitan statistical area, metropolitan statistical area, or consolidated metropolitan statistical area that is not comprised of designated primary metropolitan statistical areas.
For the purpose of this paragraph, a depository institution which maintains offices in more than one primary metropolitan statistical area, metropolitan statistical area, or consolidated metropolitan statistical area that is not comprised of designated primary metropolitan statistical areas shall be required to make the information required by this paragraph available at any such office only to the extent that such information relates to mortgage loans which were originated or purchased (or for which completed applications were received) by an office of that depository institution located in the primary metropolitan statistical area, metropolitan statistical area, or consolidated metropolitan statistical area that is not comprised of designated primary metropolitan statistical areas in which the office making such information available is located. For purposes of this paragraph, other lending institutions shall be deemed to have a home office or branch office within a primary metropolitan statistical area, metropolitan statistical area, or consolidated metropolitan statistical area that is not comprised of designated primary metropolitan statistical areas if such institutions have originated or purchased or received completed applications for at least 5 mortgage loans in such area in the preceding calendar year.
(b) Itemization of loan data
Any item of information relating to mortgage loans required to be maintained under subsection (a) of this section shall be further itemized in order to disclose for each such item—
(1) the number and dollar amount of mortgage loans which are insured under title II of the National Housing Act [12 U.S.C. 1707 et seq.] or under title V of the Housing Act of 1949 [42 U.S.C. 1471 et seq.] or which are guaranteed under chapter 37 of title 38;
(2) the number and dollar amount of mortgage loans made to mortgagors who did not, at the time of execution of the mortgage, intend to reside in the property securing the mortgage loan;
(3) the number and dollar amount of home improvement loans;
(4) the number and dollar amount of mortgage loans and completed applications involving mortgagors or mortgage applicants grouped according to census tract, income level, racial characteristics, age, and gender;
(5) the number and dollar amount of mortgage loans grouped according to measurements of—
(A) the total points and fees payable at origination in connection with the mortgage as determined by the Bureau, taking into account 15 U.S.C. 1602 (aa)(4);
(B) the difference between the annual percentage rate associated with the loan and a benchmark rate or rates for all loans;
(C) the term in months of any prepayment penalty or other fee or charge payable on repayment of some portion of principal or the entire principal in advance of scheduled payments; and
(D) such other information as the Bureau may require; and
(6) the number and dollar amount of mortgage loans and completed applications grouped according to measurements of—
(A) the value of the real property pledged or proposed to be pledged as collateral;
(B) the actual or proposed term in months of any introductory period after which the rate of interest may change;
(C) the presence of contractual terms or proposed contractual terms that would allow the mortgagor or applicant to make payments other than fully amortizing payments during any portion of the loan term;
(D) the actual or proposed term in months of the mortgage loan;
(E) the channel through which application was made, including retail, broker, and other relevant categories;
(F) as the Bureau may determine to be appropriate, a unique identifier that identifies the loan originator as set forth in section 5102 of this title;
(G) as the Bureau may determine to be appropriate, a universal loan identifier;
(H) as the Bureau may determine to be appropriate, the parcel number that corresponds to the real property pledged or proposed to be pledged as collateral;
(I) the credit score of mortgage applicants and mortgagors, in such form as the Bureau may prescribe; and
(J) such other information as the Bureau may require.
(c) Period of maintenance
Any information required to be compiled and made available under this section, other than loan application register information under subsection (j) of this section, shall be maintained and made available for a period of five years after the close of the first year during which such information is required to be maintained and made available.
(d) Duration of disclosure requirements
Notwithstanding the provisions of subsection (a)(1) of this section, data required to be disclosed under this section for 1980 and thereafter shall be disclosed for each calendar year. Any depository institution which is required to make disclosures under this section but which has been making disclosures on some basis other than a calendar year basis shall make available a separate disclosure statement containing data for any period prior to calendar year 1980 which is not covered by the last full year report prior to the 1980 calendar year report.
(e) Format for disclosures
Subject to subsection (h) of this section, the Bureau shall prescribe a standard format for the disclosures required under this section.
(f) Data disclosure system; operation, etc.
The Federal Financial Institutions Examination Council, in consultation with the Secretary, shall implement a system to facilitate access to data required to be disclosed under this section. Such system shall include arrangements for a central depository of data in each primary metropolitan statistical area, metropolitan statistical area, or consolidated metropolitan statistical area that is not comprised of designated primary metropolitan statistical areas. Disclosure statements shall be made available to the public for inspection and copying at such central depository of data for all depository institutions which are required to disclose information under this section (or which are exempted pursuant to section 2805 (b) of this title) and which have a home office or branch office within such primary metropolitan statistical area, metropolitan statistical area, or consolidated metropolitan statistical area that is not comprised of designated primary metropolitan statistical areas.
(g) Exceptions
The requirements of subsections (a) and (b) of this section shall not apply with respect to mortgage loans that are—
(1) made (or for which completed applications are received) by any mortgage banking subsidiary of a bank holding company or savings and loan holding company or by any savings and loan service corporation that originates or purchases mortgage loans; and
(2) approved (or for which completed applications are received) by the Secretary for insurance under title I or II of the National Housing Act [12 U.S.C. 1702 et seq., 1707 et seq.].
(h) Submission to agencies
(1) In general
The data required to be disclosed under subsection (b) shall be submitted to the Bureau or to the appropriate agency for the institution reporting under this chapter, in accordance with rules prescribed by the Bureau. Notwithstanding the requirement of subsection (a)(2)(A) for disclosure by census tract, the Bureau, in consultation with other appropriate agencies described in paragraph (2) and, after notice and comment, shall develop regulations that—
(A) prescribe the format for such disclosures, the method for submission of the data to the appropriate agency, and the procedures for disclosing the information to the public;
(B) require the collection of data required to be disclosed under subsection (b) with respect to loans sold by each institution reporting under this chapter;
(C) require disclosure of the class of the purchaser of such loans;
(D) permit any reporting institution to submit in writing to the Bureau or to the appropriate agency such additional data or explanations as it deems relevant to the decision to originate or purchase mortgage loans; and
(E) modify or require modification of itemized information, for the purpose of protecting the privacy interests of the mortgage applicants or mortgagors, that is or will be available to the public.
(2) Other appropriate agencies
The appropriate agencies described in this paragraph are—
(A) the appropriate Federal banking agencies, as defined in section 1813 (q) of this title, with respect to the entities that are subject to the jurisdiction of each such agency, respectively;
(B) the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation for banks insured by the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation (other than members of the Federal Reserve System), mutual savings banks, insured State branches of foreign banks, and any other depository institution described in section 2802 (2)(A)  [1] of this title which is not otherwise referred to in this paragraph;
(C) the National Credit Union Administration Board with respect to credit unions; and
(D) the Secretary of Housing and Urban Development with respect to other lending institutions not regulated by the agencies referred to in subparagraph (A) or (B).
(3) Rules for modifications under paragraph (1)
(A) Application
A modification under paragraph (1)(E) shall apply to information concerning—
(i) credit score data described in subsection (b)(6)(I), in a manner that is consistent with the purpose described in paragraph (1)(E); and
(ii) age or any other category of data described in paragraph (5) or (6) of subsection (b), as the Bureau determines to be necessary to satisfy the purpose described in paragraph (1)(E), and in a manner consistent with that purpose.
(B) Standards
The Bureau shall prescribe standards for any modification under paragraph (1)(E) to effectuate the purposes of this chapter, in light of the privacy interests of mortgage applicants or mortgagors. Where necessary to protect the privacy interests of mortgage applicants or mortgagors, the Bureau shall provide for the disclosure of information described in subparagraph (A) in aggregate or other reasonably modified form, in order to effectuate the purposes of this chapter.
(i) Exemption from certain disclosure requirements
The requirements of subsections (b)(4), (b)(5), and (b)(6) of this section shall not apply with respect to any depository institution described in section 2802 (2)(A)  [1] of this title which has total assets, as of the most recent full fiscal year of such institution, of $30,000,000 or less.
(j) Loan application register information
(1) In general
In addition to the information required to be disclosed under subsections (a) and (b) of this section, any depository institution which is required to make disclosures under this section shall make available to the public, upon request, loan application register information (as defined by the Bureau by regulation) in the form required under regulations prescribed by the Bureau.
(2) Format of disclosure
(A) Unedited format
Subject to subparagraph (B), the loan application register information described in paragraph (1) may be disclosed by a depository institution without editing or compilation and in such formats as the Bureau may require.
(B) Protection of applicant’s privacy interest
The Bureau shall require, by regulation, such deletions as the Bureau may determine to be appropriate to protect—
(i) any privacy interest of any applicant, including the deletion of the applicant’s name and identification number, the date of the application, and the date of any determination by the institution with respect to such application; and
(ii) a depository institution from liability under any Federal or State privacy law.
(C) Census tract format encouraged
It is the sense of the Congress that a depository institution should provide loan register information under this section in a format based on the census tract in which the property is located.
(3) Change of form not required
A depository institution meets the disclosure requirement of paragraph (1) if the institution provides the information required under such paragraph in such formats as the Bureau may require  [2]
(4) Reasonable charge for information
Any depository institution which provides information under this subsection may impose a reasonable fee for any cost incurred in reproducing such information.
(5) Time of disclosure
The disclosure of the loan application register information described in paragraph (1) for any year pursuant to a request under paragraph (1) shall be made—
(A) in the case of a request made on or before March 1 of the succeeding year, before April 1 of the succeeding year; and
(B) in the case of a request made after March 1 of the succeeding year, before the end of the 30-day period beginning on the date the request is made.
(6) Retention of information
Notwithstanding subsection (c) of this section, the loan application register information described in paragraph (1) for any year shall be maintained and made available, upon request, for 3 years after the close of the 1st year during which such information is required to be maintained and made available.
(7) Minimizing compliance costs
In prescribing regulations under this subsection, the Bureau shall make every effort to minimize the costs incurred by a depository institution in complying with this subsection and such regulations.
(k) Disclosure of statements by depository institutions
(1) In general
In accordance with procedures established by the Bureau pursuant to this section, any depository institution required to make disclosures under this section—
(A) shall make a disclosure statement available, upon request, to the public no later than 3 business days after the institution receives the statement from the Federal Financial Institutions Examination Council; and
(B) may make such statement available on a floppy disc which may be used with a personal computer or in any other media which is not prohibited under regulations prescribed by the Bureau.
(2) Notice that data is subject to correction after final review
Any disclosure statement provided pursuant to paragraph (1) shall be accompanied by a clear and conspicuous notice that the statement is subject to final review and revision, if necessary.
(3) Reasonable charge for information
Any depository institution which provides a disclosure statement pursuant to paragraph (1) may impose a reasonable fee for any cost incurred in providing or reproducing such statement.
(l) Prompt disclosures
(1) In general
Any disclosure of information pursuant to this section or section 2809 of this title shall be made as promptly as possible.
(2) Maximum disclosure period
(A) 6- and 9-month maximum periods
Except as provided in subsections (j)(5) and (k)(1) of this section and regulations prescribed by the Bureau and subject to subparagraph (B), any information required to be disclosed for any year beginning after December 31, 1992, under—
(i) this section shall be made available to the public before September 1 of the succeeding year; and
(ii) section 2809 of this title shall be made available to the public before December 1 of the succeeding year.
(B) Shorter periods encouraged after 1994
With respect to disclosures of information under this section or section 2809 of this title for any year beginning after December 31, 1993, every effort shall be made—
(i) to make information disclosed under this section available to the public before July 1 of the succeeding year; and
(ii) to make information required to be disclosed under section 2809 of this title available to the public before September 1 of the succeeding year.
(3) Improved procedure
The Federal Financial Institutions Examination Council shall make such changes in the system established pursuant to subsection (f) of this section as may be necessary to carry out the requirements of this subsection.
(m) Opportunity to reduce compliance burden
(1) In general
(A) Satisfaction of public availability requirements
A depository institution shall be deemed to have satisfied the public availability requirements of subsection (a) of this section if the institution compiles the information required under that subsection at the home office of the institution and provides notice at the branch locations specified in subsection (a) of this section that such information is available from the home office of the institution upon written request.
(B) Provision of information upon request
Not later than 15 days after the receipt of a written request for any information required to be compiled under subsection (a) of this section, the home office of the depository institution receiving the request shall provide the information pertinent to the location of the branch in question to the person requesting the information.
(2) Form of information
In complying with paragraph (1), a depository institution shall provide the person requesting the information with a copy of the information requested in such formats as the Bureau may require.
(n) Timing of certain disclosures
The data required to be disclosed under subsection (b) shall be submitted to the Bureau or to the appropriate agency for any institution reporting under this chapter, in accordance with regulations prescribed by the Bureau. Institutions shall not be required to report new data under paragraph (5) or (6) of subsection (b) before the first January 1 that occurs after the end of the 9-month period beginning on the date on which regulations are issued by the Bureau in final form with respect to such disclosures.


[1]  See References in Text note below.

[2]  So in original. Probably should be followed by a period.

Source

(Pub. L. 94–200, title III, § 304,Dec. 31, 1975, 89 Stat. 1125; Pub. L. 96–399, title III, § 340(a),Oct. 8, 1980, 94 Stat. 1657; Pub. L. 98–181, title I[title VII, § 701(a)], Nov. 30, 1983, 97 Stat. 1266; Pub. L. 100–242, title V, §§ 565(a)(2), 570 (h),Feb. 5, 1988, 101 Stat. 1945, 1950; Pub. L. 101–73, title XII, § 1211(a)–(c)(2)(C), (f), (i), (j), Aug. 9, 1989, 103 Stat. 524–526; Pub. L. 102–242, title II, § 212(a)(1),Dec. 19, 1991, 105 Stat. 2299; Pub. L. 102–550, title IX, § 932(a), (b),Oct. 28, 1992, 106 Stat. 3889, 3891; Pub. L. 104–208, div. A, title II, § 2225(b),Sept. 30, 1996, 110 Stat. 3009–416; Pub. L. 111–203, title X, § 1094(1), (3),July 21, 2010, 124 Stat. 2097.)
References in Text

For the effective date of this chapter, referred to in subsec. (a)(1), see section 2808 of this title.
The National Housing Act, referred to in subsecs. (b)(1) and (g)(1), is act June 27, 1934, ch. 847, 48 Stat. 1246. Titles I and II of the National Housing Act are classified generally to subchapters I (§ 1702 et seq.) and II (§ 1707 et seq.), respectively, of chapter 13 of this title. For complete classification of this Act to the Code, see section 1701 of this title and Tables.
The Housing Act of 1949, referred to in subsec. (b)(1), is act July 15, 1949, ch. 338, 63 Stat. 413. Title V of the Housing Act of 1949 is classified generally to subchapter III (§ 1471 et seq.) of chapter 8A of Title 42, The Public Health and Welfare. For complete classification of this Act to the Code, see Short Title note set out under section 1441 of Title 42 and Tables.
Section 2802 (2)(A) of this title, referred to in subsecs. (h)(2)(B) and (i), was redesignated section 2802 (3)(A) of this title by Pub. L. 111–203, title X, § 1094(2)(A),July 21, 2010, 124 Stat. 2097.
Amendments

Subsec. (a)(1). Pub. L. 111–203, § 1094(1), substituted “Bureau” for “Board”.
Subsec. (b)(4). Pub. L. 111–203, § 1094(3)(A)(i), inserted “age,” before “and gender”.
Subsec. (b)(5), (6). Pub. L. 111–203, § 1094(3)(A)(ii)–(iv), added pars. (5) and (6).
Subsec. (e). Pub. L. 111–203, § 1094(1), substituted “Bureau” for “Board”.
Subsec. (h). Pub. L. 111–203, § 1094(3)(B), added subsec. (h) and struck out former subsec. (h) which related to submission to agencies.
Subsec. (i). Pub. L. 111–203, § 1094(3)(C), substituted “subsections (b)(4), (b)(5), and (b)(6)” for “subsection (b)(4)”.
Subsec. (j)(1). Pub. L. 111–203, § 1094(1), substituted “Bureau” for “Board” in two places.
Subsec. (j)(2)(A). Pub. L. 111–203, § 1094(3)(D)(ii), substituted “in such formats as the Bureau may require” for “in the format in which such information is maintained by the institution”.
Subsec. (j)(2)(B). Pub. L. 111–203, § 1094(1), substituted “Bureau” for “Board” in two places.
Subsec. (j)(3). Pub. L. 111–203, § 1094(3)(D)(i), added par. (3) and struck out former par. (3). Prior to amendment, text read as follows: “A depository institution meets the disclosure requirement of paragraph (1) if the institution provides the information required under such paragraph in the form in which the institution maintains such information.”
Subsecs. (j)(7), (k)(1), (l)(2)(A). Pub. L. 111–203, § 1094(1), substituted “Bureau” for “Board” wherever appearing.
Subsec. (m)(2). Pub. L. 111–203, § 1094(3)(E), added par. (2) and struck out former par. (2). Prior to amendment, text read as follows: “In complying with paragraph (1), a depository institution shall, in the sole discretion of the institution, provide the person requesting the information with—
“(A) a paper copy of the information requested; or
“(B) if acceptable to the person, the information through a form of electronic medium, such as a computer disk.”
Subsec. (n). Pub. L. 111–203, § 1094(3)(F), added subsec. (n).
1996—Subsec. (m). Pub. L. 104–208added subsec. (m).
1992—Subsec. (c). Pub. L. 102–550, § 932(b), inserted “, other than loan application register information under subsection (j) of this section,” after “under this section”.
Subsecs. (j) to (l). Pub. L. 102–550, § 932(a), added subsecs. (j) to (l).
1991—Subsec. (h)(1). Pub. L. 102–242, § 212(a)(1)(A), added par. (1) and struck out former par. (1) which read as follows: “the Comptroller of the Currency for national banks;”.
Subsec. (h)(3). Pub. L. 102–242, § 212(a)(1)(B), added par. (3) and struck out former par. (3) which read as follows: “the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation for banks insured by the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation (other than members of the Federal Reserve System), mutual savings banks, and any other depository institution described in section 2802 (2)(A) of this title which is not otherwise referred to in this paragraph;”.
1989—Subsec. (a)(1). Pub. L. 101–73, § 1211(c)(1), inserted “(or for which the institution received completed applications)” after “originated”.
Subsec. (a)(2). Pub. L. 101–73, § 1211(c)(2)(A), inserted “(or for which completed applications were received)” after “originated or purchased” in last sentence.
Pub. L. 101–73, § 1211(f), inserted at end “For purposes of this paragraph, other lending institutions shall be deemed to have a home office or branch office within a primary metropolitan statistical area, metropolitan statistical area, or consolidated metropolitan statistical area that is not comprised of designated primary metropolitan statistical areas if such institutions have originated or purchased or received completed applications for at least 5 mortgage loans in such area in the preceding calendar year.”
Subsec. (b)(4). Pub. L. 101–73, § 1211(a), added par. (4).
Subsec. (e). Pub. L. 101–73, § 1211(i), substituted “Subject to subsection (h) of this section, the Board” for “The Board”.
Subsec. (g)(1). Pub. L. 101–73, § 1211(c)(2)(B), inserted “(or for which completed applications are received)” after “made”.
Subsec. (g)(2). Pub. L. 101–73, § 1211(c)(2)(C), inserted “(or for which completed applications are received)” after “approved”.
Subsec. (h). Pub. L. 101–73, § 1211(b), added subsec. (h).
Subsec. (i). Pub. L. 101–73, § 1211(j), added subsec. (i).
1988—Subsec. (a)(1). Pub. L. 100–242, § 570(h), substituted “at least one branch” for “at at least one branch”.
Subsec. (g). Pub. L. 100–242, § 565(a)(2), added subsec. (g).
1983—Subsecs. (a), (f). Pub. L. 98–181substituted “primary metropolitan statistical area, metropolitan statistical area, or consolidated metropolitan statistical area that is not comprised of designated primary metropolitan statistical areas” for “standard metropolitan statistical area” wherever appearing.
1980—Subsec. (a)(1). Pub. L. 96–399, § 340(a)(1), substituted “Department of Commerce” for “Office of Management and Budget”.
Subsec. (a)(2)(A). Pub. L. 96–399, § 340(a)(2), revised applicable factors so as to include mortgage loans in a census tract, or by a county, and exclude readily available and reasonably costing census tracts, or by ZIP code.
Subsecs. (d) to (f). Pub. L. 96–399, § 340(a)(3), added subsecs. (d) to (f).
Effective Date of 2010 Amendment

Amendment by Pub. L. 111–203effective on the designated transfer date, see section 1100H ofPub. L. 111–203, set out as a note under section 552a of Title 5, Government Organization and Employees.
Effective Date of 1992 Amendment

Pub. L. 102–550, title IX, § 932(c),Oct. 28, 1992, 106 Stat. 3891, provided that: “The amendments made by subsections (a) and (b) [amending this section] shall apply with respect to information disclosed under section 304 of the Home Mortgage Disclosure Act of 1975 [this section] for any year which ends after the date of the enactment of this Act [Oct. 28, 1992].”
Effective Date of 1989 Amendment

Amendment by Pub. L. 101–73applicable to each calendar year beginning after Dec. 31, 1989, see section 1211(k) ofPub. L. 101–73, set out as a note under section 2802 of this title.
Effective Date of 1988 Amendment

Amendment by section 565(a)(2) ofPub. L. 100–242applicable to the portion of calendar year 1988 that begins Aug. 19, 1988, and to each calendar year beginning after Dec. 31, 1988, see section 565(a)(4) ofPub. L. 100–242, set out as a note under section 2802 of this title.
Evaluation and Report on Feasibility and Desirability of Establishing a Unified System for Enforcing Fair Lending Laws and Regulations

Evaluation of status and effectiveness of data collection and analysis systems involving fair lending, etc., and report thereof, see section 340(e) ofPub. L. 96–399, set out as a note under section 3305 of this title.

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12 USCDescription of ChangeSession YearPublic LawStatutes at Large

This is a list of parts within the Code of Federal Regulations for which this US Code section provides rulemaking authority.

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12 CFR - Banks and Banking

12 CFR Part 4 - ORGANIZATION AND FUNCTIONS, AVAILABILITY AND RELEASE OF INFORMATION, CONTRACTING OUTREACH PROGRAM, POST-EMPLOYMENT RESTRICTIONS FOR SENIOR EXAMINERS

12 CFR Part 203 - HOME MORTGAGE DISCLOSURE (REGULATION C)

12 CFR Part 261 - RULES REGARDING AVAILABILITY OF INFORMATION

12 CFR Part 338 - FAIR HOUSING

12 CFR Part 1003 - HOME MORTGAGE DISCLOSURE (REGULATION C)

 

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