15 U.S. Code § 78ff - Penalties

(a) Willful violations; false and misleading statements
Any person who willfully violates any provision of this chapter (other than section 78dd–1 of this title), or any rule or regulation thereunder the violation of which is made unlawful or the observance of which is required under the terms of this chapter, or any person who willfully and knowingly makes, or causes to be made, any statement in any application, report, or document required to be filed under this chapter or any rule or regulation thereunder or any undertaking contained in a registration statement as provided in subsection (d) ofsection 78o of this title, or by any self-regulatory organization in connection with an application for membership or participation therein or to become associated with a member thereof which statement was false or misleading with respect to any material fact, shall upon conviction be fined not more than $5,000,000, or imprisoned not more than 20 years, or both, except that when such person is a person other than a natural person, a fine not exceeding $25,000,000 may be imposed; but no person shall be subject to imprisonment under this section for the violation of any rule or regulation if he proves that he had no knowledge of such rule or regulation.
(b) Failure to file information, documents, or reports
Any issuer which fails to file information, documents, or reports required to be filed under subsection (d) ofsection 78o of this title or any rule or regulation thereunder shall forfeit to the United States the sum of $100 for each and every day such failure to file shall continue. Such forfeiture, which shall be in lieu of any criminal penalty for such failure to file which might be deemed to arise under subsection (a) of this section, shall be payable into the Treasury of the United States and shall be recoverable in a civil suit in the name of the United States.
(c) Violations by issuers, officers, directors, stockholders, employees, or agents of issuers
(1)
(A) Any issuer that violates subsection (a) or (g) ofsection 78dd–1 of this title shall be fined not more than $2,000,000.
(B) Any issuer that violates subsection (a) or (g) ofsection 78dd–1 of this title shall be subject to a civil penalty of not more than $10,000 imposed in an action brought by the Commission.
(2)
(A) Any officer, director, employee, or agent of an issuer, or stockholder acting on behalf of such issuer, who willfully violates subsection (a) or (g) ofsection 78dd–1 of this title shall be fined not more than $100,000, or imprisoned not more than 5 years, or both.
(B) Any officer, director, employee, or agent of an issuer, or stockholder acting on behalf of such issuer, who violates subsection (a) or (g) ofsection 78dd–1 of this title shall be subject to a civil penalty of not more than $10,000 imposed in an action brought by the Commission.
(3) Whenever a fine is imposed under paragraph (2) upon any officer, director, employee, agent, or stockholder of an issuer, such fine may not be paid, directly or indirectly, by such issuer.

Source

(June 6, 1934, ch. 404, title I, § 32,48 Stat. 904; May 27, 1936, ch. 462, § 9,49 Stat. 1380; June 25, 1938, ch. 677, § 4,52 Stat. 1076; Pub. L. 88–467, § 11,Aug. 20, 1964, 78 Stat. 580; Pub. L. 94–29, §§ 23, 27 (b),June 4, 1975, 89 Stat. 162, 163; Pub. L. 95–213, title I, § 103(b),Dec. 19, 1977, 91 Stat. 1496; Pub. L. 98–376, § 3,Aug. 10, 1984, 98 Stat. 1265; Pub. L. 100–418, title V, § 5003(b),Aug. 23, 1988, 102 Stat. 1419; Pub. L. 100–704, § 4,Nov. 19, 1988, 102 Stat. 4680; Pub. L. 105–366, § 2(d),Nov. 10, 1998, 112 Stat. 3303; Pub. L. 107–204, title XI, § 1106,July 30, 2002, 116 Stat. 810.)
References in Text

This chapter, referred to in subsec. (a), was in the original “this title”. See References in Text note set out under section 78a of this title.
Amendments

2002—Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 107–204substituted “$5,000,000, or imprisoned not more than 20 years” for “$1,000,000, or imprisoned not more than 10 years” and “$25,000,000” for “$2,500,000”.
1998—Subsec. (c)(1). Pub. L. 105–366, § 2(d)(1), (2), substituted “subsection (a) or (g) ofsection 78dd–1” for “section 78dd–1 (a)” in subpars. (A) and (B).
Subsec. (c)(2). Pub. L. 105–366, § 2(d)(3), amended par. (2) generally. Prior to amendment, par. (2) read as follows:
“(2)(A) Any officer or director of an issuer, or stockholder acting on behalf of such issuer, who willfully violates section 78dd–1 (a) of this title shall be fined not more than $100,000, or imprisoned not more than 5 years, or both.
“(B) Any employee or agent of an issuer who is a United States citizen, national, or resident or is otherwise subject to the jurisdiction of the United States (other than an officer, director, or stockholder acting on behalf of such issuer), and who willfully violates section 78dd–1 (a) of this title, shall be fined not more than $100,000, or imprisoned not more than 5 years, or both.
“(C) Any officer, director, employee, or agent of an issuer, or stockholder acting on behalf of such issuer, who violates section 78dd–1 (a) of this title shall be subject to a civil penalty of not more than $10,000 imposed in an action brought by the Commission.”
1988—Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 100–704substituted “$1,000,000” for “$100,000”, “10 years” for “five years”, “is a person other than a natural person” for “is an exchange”, and “$2,500,000” for “$500,000”.
Subsec. (c). Pub. L. 100–418amended subsec. (c) generally. Prior to amendment, subsec. (c) read as follows:
“(1) Any issuer which violates section 78dd–1 (a) of this title shall, upon conviction, be fined not more than $1,000,000.
“(2) Any officer or director of an issuer, or any stockholder acting on behalf of such issuer, who willfully violates section 78dd–1 (a) of this title shall, upon conviction, be fined not more than $10,000, or imprisoned not more than five years, or both.
“(3) Whenever an issuer is found to have violated section 78dd–1 (a) of this title, any employee or agent of such issuer who is a United States citizen, national, or resident or is otherwise subject to the jurisdiction of the United States (other than an officer, director, or stockholder of such issuer), and who willfully carried out the act or practice constituting such violation shall, upon conviction, be fined not more than $10,000, or imprisoned not more than five years, or both.
“(4) Whenever a fine is imposed under paragraph (2) or (3) of this subsection upon any officer, director, stockholder, employee, or agent of an issuer, such fine shall not be paid, directly or indirectly, by such issuer.”
1984—Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 98–376substituted “$100,000” for “$10,000”.
1977—Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 95–213, § 103(b)(1), inserted “(other than section 78dd–1 of this title)” after “Any person who willfully violates any provision of this chapter”.
Subsec. (c). Pub. L. 95–213, § 103(b)(2), added subsec. (c).
1975—Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 94–29, §§ 23(1), 27 (b), inserted “or by any self-regulatory organization in connection with an application for membership or participation therein or to become associated with a member thereof,” and substituted “or imprisoned not more than five years” for “or imprisoned not more than two years”.
Subsec. (c). Pub. L. 94–29, § 23(2), struck out subsec. (c) which rendered this section inapplicable to violations of any rule or regulation prescribed pursuant to paragraph (3) of subsection (c) ofsection 78o of this title.
1964—Subsec. (b). Pub. L. 88–467substituted “required to be filed under” for “pursuant to an undertaking contained in a registration statement as provided in” and inserted “or any rule or regulation thereunder” after “section 78o of this title.”
1938—Subsec. (c). Act June 25, 1938, added subsec. (c).
1936—Subsec. (a). Act May 27, 1936, inserted “or any undertaking contained in a registration statement as provided in subsection (d) ofsection 78o of this title”.
Subsec. (b). Act May 27, 1936, added subsec. (b).
Effective Date of 1988 Amendment

Amendment by Pub. L. 100–704not applicable to actions occurring before Nov. 19, 1988, see section 9 ofPub. L. 100–704, set out as a note under section 78o of this title.
Effective Date of 1984 Amendment

Amendment by Pub. L. 98–376effective Aug. 10, 1984, see section 7 ofPub. L. 98–376, set out as a note under section 78c of this title.
Effective Date of 1975 Amendment

Amendment by Pub. L. 94–29effective June 4, 1975, see section 31(a) ofPub. L. 94–29, set out as a note under section 78b of this title.
Effective Date of 1964 Amendment

Amendment by Pub. L. 88–467effective Aug. 20, 1964, see section 13 ofPub. L. 88–467, set out as a note under section 78c of this title.

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