As used in this Act, except as otherwise specifically provided—
(1)The term “antitrust laws” includes the Sherman Antitrust Act (15 U.S.C. 1 and following), the Clayton Act (15 U.S.C. 12 and following), the Federal Trade Commission Act (15 U.S.C. 14 and following), the Wilson Tariff Act (15 U.S.C. 8 and 9), and the Act of June 19, 1936, chapter 592 (15 U.S.C. 13, 13a, 13b, and 21A).
(2)The term “class” means, with respect to electric consumers, any group of such consumers who have similar characteristics of electric energy use.
(3)The term “Commission” means the Federal Energy Regulatory Commission.
(4)The term “electric utility” means any person, State agency, or Federal agency, which sells electric energy.
(5)The term “electric consumer” means any person, State agency, or Federal agency, to which electric energy is sold other than for purposes of resale.
(6)The term “evidentiary hearing” means—
(A)in the case of a State agency, a proceeding which
(i) is open to the public,
(ii) includes notice to participants and an opportunity for such participants to present direct and rebuttal evidence and to cross-examine witnesses,
(iii) includes a written decision, based upon evidence appearing in a written record of the proceeding, and
(iv) is subject to judicial review;
(B)in the case of a Federal agency, a proceeding conducted as provided in sections
557 of title
(C)in the case of a proceeding conducted by any entity other than a State or Federal agency, a proceeding which conforms, to the extent appropriate, with the requirements of subparagraph (A).
(7)The term “Federal agency” means an executive agency (as defined in section
105 of title
(8)The term “load management technique” means any technique (other than a time-of-day or seasonal rate) to reduce the maximum kilowatt demand on the electric utility, including ripple or radio control mechanisms, and other types of interruptible electric service, energy storage devices, and load-limiting devices.
(9)The term “nonregulated electric utility” means any electric utility other than a State regulated electric utility.
(10)The term “rate” means
(A) any price, rate, charge, or classification made, demanded, observed, or received with respect to sale of electric energy by an electric utility to an electric consumer,
(B) any rule, regulation, or practice respecting any such rate, charge, or classification, and
(C) any contract pertaining to the sale of electric energy to an electric consumer.
(11)The term “ratemaking authority” means authority to fix, modify, approve, or disapprove rates.
(12)The term “rate schedule” means the designation of the rates which an electric utility charges for electric energy.
(13)The term “sale” when used with respect to electric energy includes any exchange of electric energy.
(14)The term “Secretary” means the Secretary of Energy.
(15)The term “State” means a State, the District of Columbia, and Puerto Rico.
(16)The term “State agency” means a State, political subdivision thereof, and any agency or instrumentality of either.
(17)The term “State regulatory authority” means any State agency which has ratemaking authority with respect to the sale of electric energy by any electric utility (other than such State agency), and in the case of an electric utility with respect to which the Tennessee Valley Authority has ratemaking authority, such term means the Tennessee Valley Authority.
(18)The term “State regulated electric utility” means any electric utility with respect to which a State regulatory authority has ratemaking authority.
(19)The term “integrated resource planning” means, in the case of an electric utility, a planning and selection process for new energy resources that evaluates the full range of alternatives, including new generating capacity, power purchases, energy conservation and efficiency, cogeneration and district heating and cooling applications, and renewable energy resources, in order to provide adequate and reliable service to its electric customers at the lowest system cost. The process shall take into account necessary features for system operation, such as diversity, reliability, dispatchability, and other factors of risk; shall take into account the ability to verify energy savings achieved through energy conservation and efficiency and the projected durability of such savings measured over time; and shall treat demand and supply resources on a consistent and integrated basis.
(20)The term “system cost” means all direct and quantifiable net costs for an energy resource over its available life, including the cost of production, distribution, transportation, utilization, waste management, and environmental compliance.
(21)The term “demand side management” includes load management techniques.
This Act, referred to in text, is Pub. L. 95–617, Nov. 9, 1978, 92 Stat. 3117, as amended, known as the Public Utility Regulatory Policies Act of 1978. For complete classification of this Act to the Code, see Short Title note set out under section
2601 of this title and Tables.
The Sherman Antitrust Act (15 U.S.C. 1 and following), referred to in par. (1), is act July 2, 1890, ch. 647, 26 Stat. 209, as amended, which enacted sections
7 of Title
15, Commerce and Trade. For complete classification of this Act to the Code, see Short Title note set out under section
1 of Title
15 and Tables.
The Clayton Act (15 U.S.C. 12 and following), referred to in par. (1), is act Oct. 15, 1914, ch. 323, 38 Stat. 730, as amended, which is classified generally to sections
27 of Title
15, Commerce and Trade, and sections
53 of Title
29, Labor. For further details and complete classification of this Act to the Code, see References in Text note set out under section
12 of Title
15 and Tables.
The Federal Trade Commission Act (15 U.S.C. 14 and following), referred to in par. (1), is act Sept. 26, 1914, ch. 311, 38 Stat. 717, as amended, which is classified generally to subchapter I (§ 41 et seq.) of chapter
2 of Title
15, Commerce and Trade. For complete classification of this Act to the Code, see section
58 of Title
15 and Tables.
The Wilson Tariff Act (15 U.S.C. 8 and 9), referred to in par. (1), is sections 73 to 77 of act Aug. 27, 1894, ch. 349, 28 Stat. 570. Sections
76 enacted sections
11 of Title
15, Commerce and Trade. Section 77 of said Act was not classified to the Code. For complete classification of this Act to the Code, see Short Title note under section
8 of Title
15 and Tables.
Act of June 19, 1936, chapter 592 (15 U.S.C. 13, 13a, 13b, and 21A), referred to in par. (1), is act June 19, 1936, ch. 592, 49 Stat. 1526, popularly known as the Robinson-Patman Antidiscrimination Act and also as the Robinson-Patman Price Discrimination Act, which enacted sections
21a of Title
15, Commerce and Trade, and amended section
13 of Title
15. For complete classification of this Act to the Code, see Short Title note set out under section
13 of Title
15 and Tables.
This section was not enacted as part of title I of Pub. L. 95–617which comprises this chapter.
The table below lists the classification updates, since Jan. 3, 2012, for this section. Updates to a broader range of sections may be found at the update page for containing chapter, title, etc.
The most recent Classification Table update that we have noticed was Tuesday, August 13, 2013
An empty table indicates that we see no relevant changes listed in the classification tables. If you suspect that our system may be missing something, please double-check with the Office of the Law Revision Counsel.