16 U.S. Code § 3501 - Congressional statement of findings and purpose

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(a) The Congress finds that—
(1) coastal barriers along the Atlantic and Gulf coasts and along the shore areas of the Great Lakes of the United States and the adjacent wetlands, marshes, estuaries, inlets and nearshore waters provide—
(A) habitats for migratory birds and other wildlife; and
(B) habitats which are essential spawning, nursery, nesting, and feeding areas for commercially and recreationally important species of finfish and shellfish, as well as other aquatic organisms such as sea turtles;
(2) coastal barriers contain resources of extraordinary scenic, scientific, recreational, natural, historic, archeological, cultural, and economic importance; which are being irretrievably damaged and lost due to development on, among, and adjacent to, such barriers;
(3) coastal barriers serve as natural storm protective buffers and are generally unsuitable for development because they are vulnerable to hurricane and other storm damage and because natural shoreline recession and the movement of unstable sediments undermine manmade structures;
(4) certain actions and programs of the Federal Government have subsidized and permitted development on coastal barriers and the result has been the loss of barrier resources, threats to human life, health, and property, and the expenditure of millions of tax dollars each year; and
(5) a program of coordinated action by Federal, State, and local governments is critical to the more appropriate use and conservation of coastal barriers.
(b) The Congress declares that it is the purpose of this chapter to minimize the loss of human life, wasteful expenditure of Federal revenues, and the damage to fish, wildlife, and other natural resources associated with the coastal barriers along the Atlantic and Gulf coasts and along the shore areas of the Great Lakes by restricting future Federal expenditures and financial assistance which have the effect of encouraging development of coastal barriers, by establishing the John H. Chafee Coastal Barrier Resources System, and by considering the means and measures by which the long-term conservation of these fish, wildlife, and other natural resources may be achieved.

Source

(Pub. L. 97–348, § 2,Oct. 18, 1982, 96 Stat. 1653; Pub. L. 100–707, title II, § 204(c)(1),Nov. 23, 1988, 102 Stat. 4714; Pub. L. 106–167, § 3(c)(1),Dec. 9, 1999, 113 Stat. 1804.)
References in Text

This chapter, referred to in subsec. (b), was in the original “this Act”, meaning Pub. L. 97–348, Oct. 18, 1982, 96 Stat. 1653, as amended, known as the Coastal Barrier Resources Act, which is classified generally to this chapter (§ 3501 et seq.). For complete classification of this Act to the Code, see Short Title note set out below and Tables.
Amendments

1999—Subsec. (b). Pub. L. 106–167substituted “the John H. Chafee Coastal Barrier Resources System” for “a Coastal Barrier Resources System”.
1988—Subsecs. (a)(1), (b). Pub. L. 100–707inserted “and along the shore areas of the Great Lakes” after “Atlantic and Gulf coasts”.
Short Title of 2000 Amendment

Pub. L. 106–514, § 1,Nov. 13, 2000, 114 Stat. 2394, provided that: “This Act [amending sections 3502, 3503, and 3510 of this title, repealing section 3509 of this title, enacting provisions set out as notes under this section and section 3503 of this title, and amending and repealing provisions set out as notes under section 3503 of this title] may be cited as the ‘Coastal Barrier Resources Reauthorization Act of 2000’.”
Short Title of 1999 Amendment

Pub. L. 106–167, § 1,Dec. 9, 1999, 113 Stat. 1803, provided that: “This Act [amending this section and sections 3502, 3503, and 3509 of this title, section 1441a–3 of Title 12, Banks and Banking, and section 4028 of Title 42, The Public Health and Welfare, and enacting and amending provisions set out as notes under section 3503 of this title] may be cited as the ‘John H. Chafee Coastal Barrier Resources System Act’.”
Short Title of 1990 Amendment

Pub. L. 101–591, § 1,Nov. 16, 1990, 104 Stat. 2931, provided that: “This Act [enacting section 1441a–3 of Title 12, Banks and Banking, amending sections 3502 to 3506 and 3510 of this title and section 4028 of Title 42, The Public Health and Welfare, enacting provisions set out as notes under section 3503 of this title, and repealing provisions set out as a note under section 3505 of this title] may be cited as the ‘Coastal Barrier Improvement Act of 1990’.”
Short Title of 1988 Amendment

Pub. L. 100–707, title II, § 204(a),Nov. 23, 1988, 102 Stat. 4713, provided that: “This section [amending this section and sections 3502 and 3503 of this title and enacting provisions set out as a note under section 3505 of this title] may be cited as the ‘Great Lakes Coastal Barrier Act of 1988’.”
Short Title

Pub. L. 97–348, § 1,Oct. 18, 1982, 96 Stat. 1653, provided that: “This Act [enacting this chapter, amending section 4028 of Title 42, The Public Health and Welfare, and repealing provisions set out as a note under section 4028 of Title 42] may be cited as the ‘Coastal Barrier Resources Act’.”
Economic Assessment of John H. Chafee Coastal Barrier Resources System

Pub. L. 106–514, § 7,Nov. 13, 2000, 114 Stat. 2397, provided that:
“(a) In General.—Not later than 1 year after the date of enactment of this Act [Nov. 13, 2000], the Secretary of the Interior shall submit to the Committee on Environment and Public Works of the Senate and the Committee on Resources [now Committee on Natural Resources] of the House of Representatives an economic assessment of the John H. Chafee Coastal Barrier Resources System.
“(b) Required Elements.—The assessment shall consider the impact on Federal expenditures of the Coastal Barrier Resources Act (16 U.S.C. 3501 et seq.), including impacts resulting from the avoidance of Federal expenditures for—
“(1) disaster relief under the Robert T. Stafford Disaster Relief and Emergency Assistance Act (42 U.S.C. 5121 et seq.);
“(2) the national flood insurance program established under chapter 1 of the National Flood Insurance Act of 1968 (42 U.S.C. 4011 et seq.); and
“(3) development assistance for roads, potable water supplies, and wastewater infrastructure.”

 

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