21 U.S. Code § 620 - Imports

(a) Adulteration or misbranding prohibition; compliance with inspection, building construction standards, and other provisions; humane methods of slaughter; treatment as domestic articles subject to this chapter and food, drug, and cosmetic provisions; marking and labeling; personal consumption exemption
No carcasses, parts of carcasses, meat or meat food products of cattle, sheep, swine, goats, horses, mules, or other equines which are capable of use as human food, shall be imported into the United States if such articles are adulterated or misbranded and unless they comply with all the inspection, building, construction standards, and all other provisions of this chapter and regulations issued thereunder applicable to such articles in commerce within the United States. No such carcasses, parts of carcasses, meat or meat food products shall be imported into the United States unless the livestock from which they were produced was slaughtered and handled in connection with slaughter in accordance with the Act of August 27, 1958 (72 Stat. 862; 7 U.S.C. 1901–1906). All such imported articles shall, upon entry into the United States, be deemed and treated as domestic articles subject to the other provisions of this chapter and the Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act [21 U.S.C. 301 et seq.]: Provided, That they shall be marked and labeled as required by such regulations for imported articles: Provided further, That nothing in this section shall apply to any individual who purchases meat or meat products outside the United States for his own consumption except that the total amount of such meat or meat products shall not exceed fifty pounds.
(b) Terms and conditions for destruction
The Secretary may prescribe the terms and conditions for the destruction of all such articles which are imported contrary to this section, unless
(1) they are exported by the consignee within the time fixed therefor by the Secretary, or
(2) in the case of articles which are not in compliance with the chapter solely because of misbranding, such articles are brought into compliance with the chapter under supervision of authorized representatives of the Secretary.
(c) Payment of storage, cartage, and labor charges by owner or consignee; liens
All charges for storage, cartage, and labor with respect to any article which is imported contrary to this section shall be paid by the owner or consignee, and in default of such payment shall constitute a lien against such article and any other article thereafter imported under this chapter by or for such owner or consignee.
(d) Prohibition
The knowing importation of any article contrary to this section is prohibited.
(e) Omitted
(f) Inspection and other standards; applicability, enforcement, etc.; certifications
Notwithstanding any other provision of law, all carcasses, parts of carcasses, meat, and meat food products of cattle, sheep, swine, goats, horses, mules, or other equines, capable of use as human food, offered for importation into the United States shall be subject to the inspection, sanitary, quality, species verification, and residue standards applied to products produced in the United States. Any such imported meat articles that do not meet such standards shall not be permitted entry in to the United States. The Secretary shall enforce this provision through
(1) the imposition of random inspections for such species verification and for residues, and
(2) random sampling and testing of internal organs and fat of the carcasses for residues at the point of slaughter by the exporting country in accordance with methods approved by the Secretary. Each foreign country from which such meat articles are offered for importation into the United States shall obtain a certification issued by the Secretary stating that the country maintains a program using reliable analytical methods to ensure compliance with the United States standards for residues in such meat articles. No such meat article shall be permitted entry into the United States from a country for which the Secretary has not issued such certification. The Secretary shall periodically review such certifications and shall revoke any certification if the Secretary determines that the country involved is not maintaining a program that uses reliable analytical methods to ensure compliance with United States standards for residues in such meat articles. The consideration of any application for a certification under this subsection and the review of any such certification, by the Secretary, shall include the inspection of individual establishments to ensure that the inspection program of the foreign country involved is meeting such United States standards.
(g) Administration of animal drugs or antibiotics; terms and conditions; entry order violations
The Secretary may prescribe terms and conditions under which amenable species that have been administered an animal drug or antibiotic banned for use in the United States may be imported for slaughter and human consumption. No person shall enter amenable species into the United States in violation of any order issued under this subsection by the Secretary.
(h) Reciprocal meat inspection requirement
(1) As used in this subsection:
(A) The term “meat articles” means carcasses, meat and meat food products of cattle, sheep, swine, goats, horses, mules, or other equines, that are capable of use as human food.
(B) The term “standards” means inspection, building construction, sanitary, quality, species verification, residue, and other standards that are applicable to meat articles.
(2) On request of the Committee on Agriculture or the Committee on Ways and Means of the House of Representatives or the Committee on Agriculture, Nutrition, and Forestry or the Committee on Finance of the Senate, or at the initiative of the Secretary, the Secretary shall, as soon as practicable, determine whether a particular foreign country applies standards for the importation of meat articles from the United States that are not related to public health concerns about end-product quality that can be substantiated by reliable analytical methods.
(3) If the Secretary determines that a foreign country applies standards described in paragraph (2)—
(A) the Secretary shall consult with the United States Trade Representative; and
(B) within 30 days after the determination of the Secretary under paragraph (2), the Secretary and the United States Trade Representative shall recommend to the President whether action should be taken under paragraph (4).
(4) Within 30 days after receiving a recommendation for action under paragraph (3), the President shall, if and for such time as the President considers appropriate, prohibit imports into the United States of any meat articles produced in such foreign country unless it is determined that the meat articles produced in that country meet the standards applicable to meat articles in commerce within the United States.
(5) The action authorized under paragraph (4) may be used instead of, or in addition to, any other action taken under any other law.

Source

(Mar. 4, 1907, ch. 2907, title I, § 20, formerly 18th par., 34 Stat. 1264; renumbered § 20 and amended Pub. L. 90–201, §§ 1, 10,Dec. 15, 1967, 81 Stat. 584, 590; Pub. L. 95–445, § 4,Oct. 10, 1978, 92 Stat. 1069; Pub. L. 97–98, title XI, § 1122,Dec. 22, 1981, 95 Stat. 1273; Pub. L. 99–198, title XVII, § 1702,Dec. 23, 1985, 99 Stat. 1634; Pub. L. 100–418, title IV, § 4604,Aug. 23, 1988, 102 Stat. 1408; Pub. L. 103–182, title III, § 361(f),Dec. 8, 1993, 107 Stat. 2124; Pub. L. 103–437, § 8(2),Nov. 2, 1994, 108 Stat. 4588; Pub. L. 103–465, title IV, § 431(l),Dec. 8, 1994, 108 Stat. 4970; Pub. L. 109–97, title VII, § 798[(a)](1), Nov. 10, 2005, 119 Stat. 2166.)
References in Text

Act of August 27, 1958, referred to in subsec. (a), is Pub. L. 85–765, Aug. 27, 1958, 72 Stat. 862, as amended, which is classified generally to chapter 48 (§ 1901 et seq.) of Title 7, Agriculture. Sections 1903 and 1905 of Title 7, included within reference to Act of August 27, 1958, were repealed by Pub. L. 95–445, § 5(b),Oct. 10, 1978, 92 Stat. 1069, effective as set forth in section 7 ofPub. L. 95–445, set out as an Effective Date of 1978 Amendment note under section 603 of this title. For complete classification of this Act to the Code, see Tables.
The Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act, referred to in subsec. (a), is act June 25, 1938, ch. 675, 52 Stat. 1040, as amended, which is classified generally to chapter 9 (§ 301 et seq.) of this title. For complete classification of this act to the Code, see section 301 of this title and Tables.
Codification

Subsec. (e) of this section, which required the Secretary to submit to the Committee on Agriculture of the House of Representatives and the Committee on Agriculture, Nutrition, and Forestry of the Senate a comprehensive and detailed written annual report on the administration of this section, terminated, effective May 15, 2000, pursuant to section 3003 ofPub. L. 104–66, as amended, set out as a note under section 1113 of Title 31, Money and Finance. See, also, page 46 of House Document No. 103–7.
Section was formerly classified to section 88 of this title.
Amendments

2005—Subsec. (g). Pub. L. 109–97substituted “amenable species” for “cattle, sheep, swine, goats, horses, mules, and other equines” in two places.
1994—Subsec. (e). Pub. L. 103–437substituted “Agriculture, Nutrition, and Forestry” for “Agriculture and Forestry” in introductory provisions.
Subsec. (e)(1)(A), (B). Pub. L. 103–465, § 431(l)(1), amended subpars. (A) and (B) generally. Prior to amendment, subpars. (A) and (B) read as follows:
“(A) Subject to subparagraphs (B) and (C), a certification by the Secretary that foreign plants in Canada and Mexico that export carcasses or meat or meat products referred to in subsection (a) of this section have complied with paragraph (2) or with requirements that are equivalent to United States requirements with regard to all inspection and building construction standards, and all other provisions of this chapter and regulations issued under this chapter.
“(B) Subject to subparagraph (C), the Secretary may treat as equivalent to a United States requirement a requirement described in subparagraph (A) if the exporting country provides the Secretary with scientific evidence or other information, in accordance with risk assessment methodologies agreed to by the Secretary and the exporting country, to demonstrate that the requirement or standard of the exporting country achieves the level of protection that the Secretary considers appropriate.”
Subsec. (e)(2) to (7). Pub. L. 103–465, § 431(l)(2), (3), redesignated pars. (3) to (7) as (2) to (6), respectively, and struck out former par. (2) which read as follows: “A certification by the Secretary that, except as provided in paragraph (1), foreign plants that export carcasses or meat or meat products referred to in subsection (a) of this section have complied with requirements that are at least equal to all inspection and building construction standards and all other provisions of this chapter and regulations issued under this chapter.”
1993—Subsec. (e). Pub. L. 103–182, § 361(f)(1), substituted “not be limited to the following:” for “not be limited to—” in introductory provisions.
Subsec. (e)(1) to (7). Pub. L. 103–182, § 361(f)(2)–(7), added pars. (1) and (2), struck out former par. (1), redesignated pars. (2) to (6) as (3) to (7), respectively, substituted “The” for “the” at beginning of each par., substituted period for semicolon at end of pars. (3) to (5), and substituted period for “; and” at end of par. (6). Prior to amendment, former par. (1) read as follows: “a certification by the Secretary that foreign plants exporting carcasses or meat or meat products referred to in subsection (a) of this section have complied with requirements at least equal to all the inspection, building construction standards, and all other provisions of this chapter and regulations issued thereunder;”.
1988—Subsec. (e)(6). Pub. L. 100–418, § 4604(b), added par. (6).
Subsec. (h). Pub. L. 100–418, § 4604(a), added subsec. (h).
1985—Subsec. (f). Pub. L. 99–198, § 1702(a), struck out provision which had made this subsection effective six months after Dec. 22, 1981, and inserted provisions requiring that each foreign country from which meat articles are offered for importation into the United States obtain a certification issued by the Secretary stating that the country maintains a program using reliable analytical methods to ensure compliance with the United States standards for residues in such meat articles, that no meat article be permitted entry into the United States from a country for which the Secretary has not issued such certification, that the Secretary periodically review such certifications and revoke any certification if the Secretary determines that the country involved is not maintaining a program that uses reliable analytical methods to ensure compliance with United States standards for residues in such meat articles, and that the consideration of any application for a certification under this subsection and the review of any such certification, by the Secretary, include the inspection of individual establishments to ensure that the inspection program of the foreign country involved is meeting such United States standards.
Subsec. (g). Pub. L. 99–198, § 1702(b), added subsec. (g).
1981—Subsec. (f). Pub. L. 97–98added subsec. (f).
1978—Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 95–445prohibited imports which do not comply with humane methods of slaughter.
1967—Pub. L. 90–201, § 10, substituted imported articles provisions for penalty provisions deeming offenses as misdemeanors and punishable by fine of $10,000 or imprisonment for two years or both. See section 676 (a) of this title.
Effective Date of 2005 Amendment

Amendment by Pub. L. 109–97effective the day after 120 days after Nov. 10, 2005, see section 798(b) ofPub. L. 109–97, set out as a note under section 601 of this title.
Effective Date of 1994 Amendment

Amendment by Pub. L. 103–465effective, except as otherwise provided, on the date of entry into force of the World Trade Organization Agreement with respect to the United States [Jan. 1, 1995], see section 451 ofPub. L. 103–465, set out as an Effective Date note under section 3601 of Title 19, Customs Duties.
Effective Date of 1981 Amendment

Amendment by Pub. L. 97–98effective Dec. 22, 1981, see section 1801 ofPub. L. 97–98, set out as an Effective Date note under section 4301 of Title 7, Agriculture.
Effective Date of 1978 Amendment

Amendment by Pub. L. 95–445effective one year after Oct. 10, 1978, and an additional eighteen-month period thereafter in hardship cases, see section 7 ofPub. L. 95–445, set out as a note under section 603 of this title.
Effective Date of 1967 Amendment

Amendment by Pub. L. 90–201effective upon expiration of sixty days after Dec. 15, 1967, see section 20(a) ofPub. L. 90–201, set out as an Effective Date note under section 601 of this title.

This is a list of parts within the Code of Federal Regulations for which this US Code section provides rulemaking authority.

This list is taken from the Parallel Table of Authorities and Rules provided by GPO [Government Printing Office].

It is not guaranteed to be accurate or up-to-date, though we do refresh the database weekly. More limitations on accuracy are described at the GPO site.


7 CFR - Agriculture

7 CFR Part 15 - NONDISCRIMINATION

9 CFR - Animals and Animal Products

9 CFR Part 300 - AGENCY MISSION AND ORGANIZATION

9 CFR Part 301 - TERMINOLOGY; ADULTERATION AND MISBRANDING STANDARDS

9 CFR Part 302 - APPLICATION OF INSPECTION AND OTHER REQUIREMENTS

9 CFR Part 303 - EXEMPTIONS

9 CFR Part 304 - APPLICATION FOR INSPECTION; GRANT OF INSPECTION

9 CFR Part 305 - OFFICIAL NUMBERS; INAUGURATION OF INSPECTION; WITHDRAWAL OF INSPECTION; REPORTS OF VIOLATION

9 CFR Part 306 - ASSIGNMENT AND AUTHORITIES OF PROGRAM EMPLOYEES

9 CFR Part 307 - FACILITIES FOR INSPECTION

9 CFR Part 309 - ANTE-MORTEM INSPECTION

9 CFR Part 310 - POST-MORTEM INSPECTION

9 CFR Part 311 - DISPOSAL OF DISEASED OR OTHERWISE ADULTERATED CARCASSES AND PARTS

9 CFR Part 312 - OFFICIAL MARKS, DEVICES AND CERTIFICATES

9 CFR Part 313 - HUMANE SLAUGHTER OF LIVESTOCK

9 CFR Part 314 - HANDLING AND DISPOSAL OF CONDEMNED OR OTHER INEDIBLE PRODUCTS AT OFFICIAL ESTABLISHMENTS

9 CFR Part 315 - RENDERING OR OTHER DISPOSAL OF CARCASSES AND PARTS PASSED FOR COOKING

9 CFR Part 316 - MARKING PRODUCTS AND THEIR CONTAINERS

9 CFR Part 317 - LABELING, MARKING DEVICES, AND CONTAINERS

9 CFR Part 318 - ENTRY INTO OFFICIAL ESTABLISHMENTS; REINSPECTION AND PREPARATION OF PRODUCTS

9 CFR Part 319 - DEFINITIONS AND STANDARDS OF IDENTITY OR COMPOSITION

9 CFR Part 320 - RECORDS, REGISTRATION, AND REPORTS

9 CFR Part 321 - COOPERATION WITH STATES AND TERRITORIES

9 CFR Part 322 - EXPORTS 1

9 CFR Part 325 - TRANSPORTATION

9 CFR Part 327 - IMPORTED PRODUCTS

9 CFR Part 329 - DETENTION; SEIZURE AND CONDEMNATION; CRIMINAL OFFENSES

9 CFR Part 331 - SPECIAL PROVISIONS FOR DESIGNATED STATES AND TERRITORIES; AND FOR DESIGNATION OF ESTABLISHMENTS WHICH ENDANGER PUBLIC HEALTH AND FOR SUCH DESIGNATED ESTABLISHMENTS

9 CFR Part 332 - SELECTED ESTABLISHMENTS; COOPERATIVE PROGRAM FOR INTERSTATE SHIPMENT OF CARCASSES, PARTS OF CARCASSES, MEAT, AND MEAT FOOD PRODUCTS

9 CFR Part 335 - RULES OF PRACTICE GOVERNING PROCEEDINGS UNDER THE FEDERAL MEAT INSPECTION ACT

9 CFR Part 390 - FREEDOM OF INFORMATION AND PUBLIC INFORMATION

9 CFR Part 391 - FEES AND CHARGES FOR INSPECTION SERVICES AND LABORATORY ACCREDITATION

9 CFR Part 412 - LABEL APPROVAL (Eff. Jan. 6, 2014)

9 CFR Part 416 - SANITATION

9 CFR Part 417 - HAZARD ANALYSIS AND CRITICAL CONTROL POINT (HACCP) SYSTEMS

9 CFR Part 418 - RECALLS

9 CFR Part 424 - PREPARATION AND PROCESSING OPERATIONS

9 CFR Part 439 - ACCREDITATION OF NON-FEDERAL CHEMISTRY LABORATORIES

9 CFR Part 441 - CONSUMER PROTECTION STANDARDS: RAW PRODUCTS

9 CFR Part 442 - QUANTITY OF CONTENTS LABELING AND PROCEDURES AND REQUIREMENTS FOR ACCURATE WEIGHTS

9 CFR Part 500 - RULES OF PRACTICE

 

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