21 U.S. Code § 683 - Interstate shipment of meat inspected by Federal and State agencies for certain small establishments

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(a) Definitions
(1) Appropriate State agency
The term “appropriate State agency” means a State agency described in section 661 (b) of this title.
(2) Designated personnel
The term “designated personnel” means inspection personnel of a State agency that have undergone all necessary inspection training and certification to assist the Secretary in the administration and enforcement of this chapter, including rules and regulations issued under this chapter.
(3) Eligible establishment
The term “eligible establishment” means an establishment that is in compliance with—
(A) the State inspection program of the State in which the establishment is located; and
(B) this chapter, including rules and regulations issued under this chapter.
(4) Meat item
The term “meat item” means—
(A) a portion of meat; and
(B) a meat food product.
(5) Selected establishment
The term “selected establishment” means an eligible establishment that is selected by the Secretary, in coordination with the appropriate State agency of the State in which the eligible establishment is located, under subsection (b) to ship carcasses, portions of carcasses, and meat items in interstate commerce.
(b) Authority of Secretary to allow shipments
(1) In general
Subject to paragraph (2), the Secretary, in coordination with the appropriate State agency of the State in which an establishment is located, may select the establishment to ship carcasses, portions of carcasses, and meat items in interstate commerce, and place on each carcass, portion of a carcass, and meat item shipped in interstate commerce a Federal mark, stamp, tag, or label of inspection, if—
(A) the carcass, portion of carcass, or meat item qualifies for the mark, stamp, tag, or label of inspection under the requirements of this chapter;
(B) the establishment is an eligible establishment; and
(C) inspection services for the establishment are provided by designated personnel.
(2) Prohibited establishments
In carrying out paragraph (1), the Secretary, in coordination with an appropriate State agency, shall not select an establishment that—
(A) on average, employs more than 25 employees (including supervisory and nonsupervisory employees), as defined by the Secretary;
(B) as of the date of the enactment of this section, ships in interstate commerce carcasses, portions of carcasses, or meat items that are inspected by the Secretary in accordance with this chapter;
(C)
(i) is a Federal establishment;
(ii) was a Federal establishment that was reorganized on a later date under the same name or a different name or person by the person, firm, or corporation that controlled the establishment as of the date of the enactment of this section; or
(iii) was a State establishment as of the date of the enactment of this section that—
(I) as of the date of the enactment of this section, employed more than 25 employees; and
(II) was reorganized on a later date by the person, firm, or corporation that controlled the establishment as of the date of the enactment of this section;
(D) is in violation of this chapter;
(E) is located in a State that does not have a State inspection program; or
(F) is the subject of a transition carried out in accordance with a procedure developed by the Secretary under paragraph (3)(A).
(3) Establishments that employ more than 25 employees
(A) Development of procedure
The Secretary may develop a procedure to transition to a Federal establishment any establishment under this section that, on average, consistently employs more than 25 employees.
(B) Eligibility of certain establishments
(i) In general A State establishment that employs more than 25 employees but less than 35 employees as of the date of the enactment of this section may be selected as a selected establishment under this subsection.
(ii) Procedures A State establishment shall be subject to the procedures established under subparagraph (A) beginning on the date that is 3 years after the effective date described in subsection (j).
(c) Reimbursement of State costs
The Secretary shall reimburse a State for costs related to the inspection of selected establishments in the State in accordance with Federal requirements in an amount of not less than 60 percent of eligible State costs.
(d) Coordination between Federal and State agencies
(1) In general
The Secretary shall designate an employee of the Federal Government as State coordinator for each appropriate State agency—
(A) to provide oversight and enforcement of this subchapter; and
(B) to oversee the training and inspection activities of designated personnel of the State agency.
(2) Supervision
A State coordinator shall be under the direct supervision of the Secretary.
(3) Duties of State coordinator
(A) In general
A State coordinator shall visit selected establishments with a frequency that is appropriate to ensure that selected establishments are operating in a manner that is consistent with this chapter (including regulations and policies under this chapter).
(B) Quarterly reports
A State coordinator shall, on a quarterly basis, submit to the Secretary a report that describes the status of each selected establishment that is under the jurisdiction of the State coordinator with respect to the level of compliance of each selected establishment with the requirements of this chapter.
(C) Immediate notification requirement
If a State coordinator determines that any selected establishment that is under the jurisdiction of the State coordinator is in violation of any requirement of this chapter, the State coordinator shall—
(i) immediately notify the Secretary of the violation; and
(ii) deselect the selected establishment or suspend inspection at the selected establishment.
(4) Performance evaluations
Performance evaluations of State coordinators designated under this subsection shall be conducted by the Secretary as part of the Federal agency management control system.
(e) Audits
(1) Periodic audits conducted by Inspector General of the Department of Agriculture
Not later than 2 years after the effective date described in subsection (j), and not less often than every 3 years thereafter, the Inspector General of the Department of Agriculture shall conduct an audit of each activity taken by the Secretary under this section for the period covered by the audit to determine compliance with this section.
(2) Audit conducted by Comptroller General of the United States
Not earlier than 3 years, nor later than 5 years, after the date of the enactment of this section, the Comptroller General of the United States shall conduct an audit of the implementation of this section to determine—
(A) the effectiveness of the implementation of this section; and
(B) the number of selected establishments selected by the Secretary to ship carcasses, portions of carcasses, or meat items under this section.
(f) Technical assistance division
(1) Establishment
Not later than 180 days after the effective date described in subsection (j), the Secretary shall establish in the Food Safety and Inspection Service of the Department of Agriculture a technical assistance division to coordinate the initiatives of any other appropriate agency of the Department of Agriculture to provide—
(A) outreach, education, and training to very small or certain small establishments (as defined by the Secretary); and
(B) grants to appropriate State agencies to provide outreach, technical assistance, education, and training to very small or certain small establishments (as defined by the Secretary).
(2) Personnel
The technical assistance division shall be comprised of individuals that, as determined by the Secretary—
(A) are of a quantity sufficient to carry out the duties of the technical assistance division; and
(B) possess appropriate qualifications and expertise relating to the duties of the technical assistance division.
(g) Transition grants
The Secretary may provide grants to appropriate State agencies to assist the appropriate State agencies in helping establishments covered by subchapter III to transition to selected establishments.
(h) Violations
Any selected establishment that the Secretary determines to be in violation of any requirement of this chapter shall be transitioned to a Federal establishment in accordance with a procedure developed by the Secretary under subsection (b)(3)(A).
(i) Effect
Nothing in this section limits the jurisdiction of the Secretary with respect to the regulation of meat and meat products under this chapter.
(j) Effective date
(1) In general
This section takes effect on the date on which the Secretary, after providing a period of public comment (including through the conduct of public meetings or hearings), promulgates final regulations to carry out this section.
(2) Requirement
Not later than 18 months after the date of the enactment of this section, the Secretary shall promulgate final regulations in accordance with paragraph (1).

Source

(Mar. 4, 1907, ch. 2907, title V, § 501, as added Pub. L. 110–234, title XI, § 11015(a),May 22, 2008, 122 Stat. 1362, and Pub. L. 110–246, § 4(a), title XI, § 11015(a),June 18, 2008, 122 Stat. 1664, 2124.)
References in Text

The date of the enactment of this section, referred to in subsecs. (b)(2)(B), (C)(ii), (iii), (3)(B)(i), (e)(2), and (j)(2), is the date of enactment of Pub. L. 110–246, which was approved June 18, 2008.
Final regulations to carry out this section, referred to in subsec. (j)(1), were published in the Federal Register on May 2, 2011, eff. July 1, 2011; see 76 F.R. 24752.
Codification

Pub. L. 110–234and Pub. L. 110–246enacted identical sections. Pub. L. 110–234was repealed by section 4(a) ofPub. L. 110–246.
Effective Date

Enactment of this section and repeal of Pub. L. 110–234by Pub. L. 110–246effective May 22, 2008, the date of enactment of Pub. L. 110–234, see section 4 ofPub. L. 110–246, set out as a note under section 8701 of Title 7, Agriculture.

This is a list of parts within the Code of Federal Regulations for which this US Code section provides rulemaking authority.

This list is taken from the Parallel Table of Authorities and Rules provided by GPO [Government Printing Office].

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9 CFR - Animals and Animal Products

9 CFR Part 300 - AGENCY MISSION AND ORGANIZATION

9 CFR Part 301 - TERMINOLOGY; ADULTERATION AND MISBRANDING STANDARDS

9 CFR Part 302 - APPLICATION OF INSPECTION AND OTHER REQUIREMENTS

9 CFR Part 303 - EXEMPTIONS

9 CFR Part 304 - APPLICATION FOR INSPECTION; GRANT OF INSPECTION

9 CFR Part 305 - OFFICIAL NUMBERS; INAUGURATION OF INSPECTION; WITHDRAWAL OF INSPECTION; REPORTS OF VIOLATION

9 CFR Part 306 - ASSIGNMENT AND AUTHORITIES OF PROGRAM EMPLOYEES

9 CFR Part 307 - FACILITIES FOR INSPECTION

9 CFR Part 309 - ANTE-MORTEM INSPECTION

9 CFR Part 310 - POST-MORTEM INSPECTION

9 CFR Part 311 - DISPOSAL OF DISEASED OR OTHERWISE ADULTERATED CARCASSES AND PARTS

9 CFR Part 312 - OFFICIAL MARKS, DEVICES AND CERTIFICATES

9 CFR Part 313 - HUMANE SLAUGHTER OF LIVESTOCK

9 CFR Part 314 - HANDLING AND DISPOSAL OF CONDEMNED OR OTHER INEDIBLE PRODUCTS AT OFFICIAL ESTABLISHMENTS

9 CFR Part 315 - RENDERING OR OTHER DISPOSAL OF CARCASSES AND PARTS PASSED FOR COOKING

9 CFR Part 316 - MARKING PRODUCTS AND THEIR CONTAINERS

9 CFR Part 317 - LABELING, MARKING DEVICES, AND CONTAINERS

9 CFR Part 318 - ENTRY INTO OFFICIAL ESTABLISHMENTS; REINSPECTION AND PREPARATION OF PRODUCTS

9 CFR Part 319 - DEFINITIONS AND STANDARDS OF IDENTITY OR COMPOSITION

9 CFR Part 320 - RECORDS, REGISTRATION, AND REPORTS

9 CFR Part 321 - COOPERATION WITH STATES AND TERRITORIES

9 CFR Part 322 - EXPORTS 1

9 CFR Part 325 - TRANSPORTATION

9 CFR Part 327 - IMPORTED PRODUCTS

9 CFR Part 329 - DETENTION; SEIZURE AND CONDEMNATION; CRIMINAL OFFENSES

9 CFR Part 331 - SPECIAL PROVISIONS FOR DESIGNATED STATES AND TERRITORIES; AND FOR DESIGNATION OF ESTABLISHMENTS WHICH ENDANGER PUBLIC HEALTH AND FOR SUCH DESIGNATED ESTABLISHMENTS

9 CFR Part 332 - SELECTED ESTABLISHMENTS; COOPERATIVE PROGRAM FOR INTERSTATE SHIPMENT OF CARCASSES, PARTS OF CARCASSES, MEAT, AND MEAT FOOD PRODUCTS

9 CFR Part 335 - RULES OF PRACTICE GOVERNING PROCEEDINGS UNDER THE FEDERAL MEAT INSPECTION ACT

9 CFR Part 390 - FREEDOM OF INFORMATION AND PUBLIC INFORMATION

9 CFR Part 391 - FEES AND CHARGES FOR INSPECTION SERVICES AND LABORATORY ACCREDITATION

9 CFR Part 412 - LABEL APPROVAL (Eff. Jan. 6, 2014)

9 CFR Part 416 - SANITATION

9 CFR Part 417 - HAZARD ANALYSIS AND CRITICAL CONTROL POINT (HACCP) SYSTEMS

9 CFR Part 418 - RECALLS

9 CFR Part 424 - PREPARATION AND PROCESSING OPERATIONS

9 CFR Part 439 - ACCREDITATION OF NON-FEDERAL CHEMISTRY LABORATORIES

9 CFR Part 441 - CONSUMER PROTECTION STANDARDS: RAW PRODUCTS

9 CFR Part 442 - QUANTITY OF CONTENTS LABELING AND PROCEDURES AND REQUIREMENTS FOR ACCURATE WEIGHTS

9 CFR Part 500 - RULES OF PRACTICE

 

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