(Jan. 27, 1948, ch. 36, title VIII, § 801,62 Stat. 11; Pub. L. 87–139, § 11,Aug. 14, 1961, 75 Stat. 341; 1977 Reorg. Plan No. 2, §§ 8(b),
(a)(3), (4),42 F.R. 62461, 91 Stat. 1637–1639; Pub. L. 96–60, title II, §§ 203(b)(1), (e),
204(a),Aug. 15, 1979, 93 Stat. 398–400; Pub. L. 97–241, title III, § 303(b),Aug. 24, 1982, 96 Stat. 291; Pub. L. 98–164, title II, § 217,Nov. 22, 1983, 97 Stat. 1036; Pub. L. 100–204, title II, § 205,Dec. 22, 1987, 101 Stat. 1374; Pub. L. 102–138, title II, § 203,Oct. 28, 1991, 105 Stat. 692; Pub. L. 103–236, title II, § 222,Apr. 30, 1994, 108 Stat. 421; Pub. L. 105–277, div. G, subdiv. A, title XIII, § 1335(a)(4),Oct. 21, 1998, 112 Stat. 2681–787.)
References in Text
Section 322 of the Act of June 30, 1932, referred to in par. (3), is section 322 of act June 30, 1932, ch. 314, 47 Stat. 412
, which was classified to section 278a of former Title 40, Public Buildings, Property, and Works, and was repealed by Pub. L. 100–678
, § 7,Nov. 17, 1988, 102 Stat. 4052
” substituted in par. (3) for “section 355 of the Revised Statutes of the United States (40
U.S.C. 255)” on authority of Pub. L. 107–217
, § 5(c),Aug. 21, 2002, 116 Stat. 1303
, the first section of which enacted Title 40, Public Buildings, Property, and Works.
In par. (4), “section
” substituted for “section 11 of the Act of March 1, 1919 (44
U.S.C. 111)” on authority of Pub. L. 90–620
, § 2(b),Oct. 22, 1968, 82 Stat. 1305
, the first section of which enacted Title 44, Public Printing and Documents.
In par. (6), “, with the approval of the Commission on Information and the Commission on Educational Exchange,” was deleted pursuant to Reorg. Plan No. 2 of 1977, § 9(a)(3), (4),42
, 91 Stat. 1639
, set out under section
of this title, which abolished both the United States Advisory Commission on Information, and the United States Advisory Commission on International Educational and Cultural Affairs [which replaced the Advisory Commission on Educational Exchange], effective on or before July 1, 1978, at such time as specified by the President.
In par. (6), “section
” substituted for “section 5 of the Administrative Expenses Act of 1946, as amended, (5
U.S.C. 73b-2)” on authority of Pub. L. 89–554
, § 7(b),Sept. 6, 1966, 80 Stat. 631
, the first section of which enacted Title 5, Government Organization and Employees.
1998—Par. (7). Pub. L. 105–277
substituted “overseas public diplomacy” for “Agency” and inserted “other” after “together with”.
1994—Par. (7). Pub. L. 103–236
added par. (7).
1991—Par. (3). Pub. L. 102–138
inserted “and television” after “radio”.
1987—Par. (3). Pub. L. 100–204
substituted “forty” for “twenty-five”.
1983—Par. (3). Pub. L. 98–164
substituted “twenty-five” for “ten”.
1979—Par. (1). Pub. L. 96–60
, § 204(a), struck out “within the limitation of such appropriations as the Congress may provide,” after “chapter,”.
Par. (3). Pub. L. 96–60
, § 203(e), substituted “leasing of associated real property (either within or outside the United States)” for “leasing of real property both within and without the continental limits of the United States” and provided for alteration, improvement, and repair of such property, without regard to section
278a of title
, and for acquisition of such property or interests therein which are outside the United States without regard to section
255 of title
if the sufficiency of the title to such property or interests therein is approved by the Director.
Par. (5). Pub. L. 96–60
, § 203(b)(1), struck out provision for employment of aliens within the United States limited to services related to the translation or narration of colloquial speech in foreign languages when suitably qualified United States citizens were not available, now covered in section
of this title, and inserted “pertinent” before “appropriation”.
1961—Par. (6). Pub. L. 87–139
substituted provisions authorizing payment of transportation and other expenses as authorized by section
73b–2 of title
, for provisions which allowed payment of actual transportation expenses and a maximum of $10 per diem.
Effective Date of 1998 Amendment
Amendment by Pub. L. 105–277
effective Oct. 1, 1999, see section 1301 ofPub. L. 105–277
, set out as an Effective Date note under section
of this title.
Effective Date of 1979 Amendment
Pub. L. 96–60
, title II, § 209,Aug. 15, 1979, 93 Stat. 402
, provided that: “The amendments made by sections
204 [enacting section
of this title, amending this section, sections
of this title, section
, Government Organization and Employees, and section 474 of former Title 40, Public Buildings, Property, and Works, and repealing section
of this title] shall take effect on October 1, 1979, and to the extent that they provide new authorities involving the expenditure of appropriated funds, shall apply only with respect to funds appropriated after the date of enactment of this Act [Aug. 15, 1979].”
Transfer of Functions
“Director of the United States Information Agency” substituted for “Director of the International Communication Agency” in par. (3) pursuant to section 303(b) ofPub. L. 97–241
, set out as a note under section
of this title, which redesignated International Communication Agency, and Director thereof, as United States Information Agency, and the Director thereof. United States Information Agency (other than Broadcasting Board of Governors and International Broadcasting Bureau) abolished and functions transferred to Secretary of State, see sections
of this title.
The Commission on Educational Exchange, created by section
of this title, abolished pursuant to Pub. L. 87–256
, § 111(a)(2),Sept. 21, 1961, 75 Stat. 538
Termination of Advisory Committees
Advisory committees in existence on Jan. 5, 1973, to terminate not later than the expiration of the 2-year period following Jan. 5, 1973, unless, in the case of a committee established by the President or an officer of the Federal Government, such committee is renewed by appropriate action prior to the expiration of such 2-year period, or in the case of a committee established by Congress, its duration is otherwise provided by law. See section 14 ofPub. L. 92–463
, Oct. 6, 1972, 86 Stat. 776
, set out in the Appendix to Title 5, Government Organization and Employees.
Pub. L. 100–204
, title IV, § 403,Dec. 22, 1987, 101 Stat. 1381
, provided that:
“(a) Findings.—The Congress finds that the overriding national security aspects of the $1,300,000,000 facilities modernization program of the Voice of America require the assurance of uninterrupted logistic support under all circumstances for the program. Therefore, it is in the best interests of the United States to provide a preference for United States contractors bidding on the projects of this program.
“(b) Responsive Bid.—A bid shall not be treated as a responsive bid for purposes of the facilities modernization program of the Voice of America unless the bidder can establish that the United States goods and services content, excluding consulting and management fees, of his proposal and the resulting contract will not be less than 55 percent of the value of his proposal and the resulting total contract.
“(c) Preference for United States Contractors.—Notwithstanding any other provision of law, in any case where there are two or more qualified bidders on projects of the facilities modernization program of the Voice of America, including design and construction projects and projects with respect to transmitters, antennas, spare parts, and other technical equipment, all the responsive bids of United States persons and qualified United States joint venture persons shall be considered to be reduced by 10 percent.
“(1) Subsection (c) shall not apply with respect to any project of the facilities modernization program of the Voice of America when—
“(A) precluded by the terms of an international agreement with the host foreign country;
“(B) a foreign bidder can establish that he is a national of a country whose government permits United States contractors and suppliers the opportunity to bid on a competitive and nondiscriminatory basis with its national contractors and suppliers, on procurement and projects related to the construction, modernization, upgrading, or expansion of—
“(i) its national public radio and television sector, or
“(ii) its private radio and television sector, to the extent that such procurement or project is, in whole or in part, funded or otherwise under the control of a government agency or authority; or
“(C) the Secretary of Commerce certifies (in advance of the award of the contract for that project) to the Director of the United States Information Agency that the foreign bidder is not receiving any direct subsidy from any government, the effect of which would be to disadvantage the competitive position of United States persons who also bid on the project; or
“(D) the statutes of a host foreign country prohibit the use of United States contractors on such projects within that country.
“(2) An exception under paragraph (1)(D) shall only become effective with respect to a foreign country 30 days after the Secretary of State certifies to the Committee on Foreign Affairs and the Committee on Appropriations of the House of Representatives and the Committee on Foreign Relations and the Committee on Appropriations of the Senate what specific actions the Secretary has taken to urge the foreign country to permit the use of United States contractors on such projects.
“(d) [sic] Definitions.—For purposes of this section—
“(1) the term ‘United States person’ means a person that—
“(A) is incorporated or otherwise legally organized under the laws of the United States, including any State (and any political subdivision thereof) and the District of Columbia;
“(B) has its principal place of business in the United States;
“(C) has been incorporated or otherwise legally organized in the United States for more than 5 years before the issuance date of the Invitation For Bids or the Request For Proposals with respect to a modernization project under subsection (b);
“(D) has proven, as indicated by prior contracting experience, to possess the technical, managerial, and financial capability to successfully complete a project similar in nature and technical complexity to that being contracted for;
“(E)(i) employs United States citizens in at least 80 percent of its principal management positions in the United States;
“(ii) employs United States citizens in more than half of its permanent, full-time positions in the United States; and
“(iii) will employ United States citizens in at least 80 percent of the supervisory positions on the modernization project site; and
“(F) has the existing technical and financial resources in the United States to perform the contract; and
“(2) the term ‘qualified United States joint venture person’ means a joint venture in which a United States person or persons own at least 51 percent of the assets of the joint venture.
“(e) Effective Date.—The provisions of this section shall apply to any project with respect to which the Request For Proposals (commonly referred to as ‘RFP’) or the Invitation For Bids (commonly referred to as ‘IFB’) was issued after December 28, 1986.”
[For abolition of United States Information Agency (other than Broadcasting Board of Governors and International Broadcasting Bureau), transfer of functions, and treatment of references thereto, see sections
of this title.]