(Aug. 27, 1954, ch. 1018, § 2,68 Stat. 883; Pub. L. 92–569, § 1,Oct. 26, 1972, 86 Stat. 1182; Pub. L. 94–265, title IV, § 403(a)(1),Apr. 13, 1976, 90 Stat. 360; Pub. L. 96–561, title II, § 238(b),Dec. 22, 1980, 94 Stat. 3300; Pub. L. 98–364, title III, § 303(a),July 17, 1984, 98 Stat. 444; Pub. L. 104–208, div. A, title I, § 101(a) [title II, § 211(b)], Sept. 30, 1996, 110 Stat. 3009, 3009–41.)
References in Text
The Magnuson-Stevens Fishery Conservation and Management Act, referred to in par. (2)(C), is Pub. L. 94–265
, Apr. 13, 1976, 90 Stat. 331
, as amended. Title I of the Act is classified generally to subchapter II (§ 1811 et seq.) of chapter
, Conservation. For complete classification of this Act to the Code, see Short Title note set out under section
1996—Par. (2)(C). Pub. L. 104–208
substituted “Magnuson-Stevens Fishery” for “Magnuson Fishery”.
1984—Pub. L. 98–364
, in par. (1), substituted “any vessel of the United States is seized by a foreign country on the basis of claims to jurisdiction that are not recognized by the United States, or on the basis of claims to jurisdiction recognized by the United States but exercised in a manner inconsistent with international law as recognized by the United States;” for “any vessel of the United States is seized by a foreign country on the basis of claims in territorial waters or the high seas which are not recognized by the United States; or”, and in provisions following par. (2)(D), substituted “the Secretary of State, unless there is clear and convincing credible evidence that the seizure did not meet the requirements under paragraph (1) or (2), as the case may be, shall immediately take such steps as are necessary” for “and there is no dispute as to the material facts with respect to the location or activity of such vessel at the time of such seizure, the Secretary of State shall immediately take such steps as are necessary”.
1980—Par. (2)(C). Pub. L. 96–561
substituted “Magnuson Fishery Conservation and Management Act” for “Fishery Conservation and Management Act of 1976”.
1976—Pub. L. 94–265
redesignated existing subsecs. (a) and (b) as pars. (1) and (2), respectively, and, in par. (1) struck out reference to rights in territorial waters, and in par. (2) substituted provisions relating to any general claim of any foreign country, conditions, and restrictions of seizure, lack of dispute as to material facts, and steps authorized for Secretary of State upon seizure, for provisions relating to lack of dispute as to material facts and actions authorized for Secretary of State upon seizure.
1972—Subsec. (b). Pub. L. 92–569
required the Secretary of State to take appropriate action to immediately ascertain the fees, fines, and other direct charges paid by a United States vessel owner to the seizing foreign country for the release of the vessel and its crew.
Effective Date of 1996 Amendment
[title II, § 211(b)] of div. A of Pub. L. 104–208
provided that the amendment made by that section is effective 15 days after Oct. 11, 1996.
Effective Date of 1984 Amendment
Section 303(c) ofPub. L. 98–364
provided that: “The amendments made by subsections (a) and (b) [amending this section and section
of this title] apply with respect to seizures made after April 1, 1983, by foreign countries of vessels of the United States.”
Effective Date of 1980 Amendment
Section 238(b) ofPub. L. 96–561
provided that the amendment made by that section is effective 15 days after Dec. 22, 1980.
Effective Date of 1976 Amendment
Section 403(b) ofPub. L. 94–265
provided in part that the amendment made by section 403(a)(1) ofPub. L. 94–265
to this section was to take effect Mar. 1, 1977, prior to the general amendment of title IV of Pub. L. 94–265
by Pub. L. 104–297
Effective Date of 1972 Amendment
Section 6 ofPub. L. 92–569
provided that: “The amendments made by this Act [enacting section
of this title and amending this section and sections
of this title] shall apply with respect to seizures of vessels of the United States occurring on or after the date of the enactment of this Act [Oct. 26, 1972]; except that reimbursements under section 3 of the Fishermen’s Protective Act of 1967 [section
of this title] (as in effect before such date of enactment [Oct. 26, 1972]) may be made from the fund established by the amendment made by section 5 of this Act [enacting section
of this title] with respect to any seizure of a vessel occurring before such date of enactment [Oct. 26, 1972] and after December 31, 1970, if no reimbursement was made before such date of enactment [Oct. 26, 1972].”