(i)to oppose violations of religious freedom that are or have been engaged in or tolerated by the governments of foreign countries; and
(ii)to promote the right to freedom of religion in those countries through the actions described in subsection (b) of this section.
(B) Requirement of Presidential action
For each foreign country the government of which engages in or tolerates violations of religious freedom, the President shall oppose such violations and promote the right to freedom of religion in that country through the actions described in subsection (b) of this section.
(2) Basis of actions
Each action taken under paragraph (1)(B) shall be based upon information regarding violations of religious freedom, as described in the latest Country Reports on Human Rights Practices, the Annual Report and Executive Summary, and on any other evidence available, and shall take into account any findings or recommendations by the Commission with respect to the foreign country.
(b) Presidential actions
(1) In general
Subject to paragraphs (2) and (3), the President, in consultation with the Secretary of State, the Ambassador at Large, the Special Adviser, and the Commission, shall, as expeditiously as practicable in response to the violations described in subsection (a) of this section by the government of a foreign country—
(A)take one or more of the actions described in paragraphs (1) through (15) of section
6445(a) of this title (or commensurate action in substitution thereto) with respect to such country; or
(B)negotiate and enter into a binding agreement with the government of such country, as described in section
6445(c) of this title.
(2) Deadline for actions
Not later than September 1 of each year, the President shall take action under any of paragraphs (1) through (15) of section
6445(a) of this title (or commensurate action in substitution thereto) with respect to each foreign country the government of which has engaged in or tolerated violations of religious freedom at any time since September 1 of the preceding year, except that in the case of action under any of paragraphs (9) through (15) of section
6445(a) of this title (or commensurate action in substitution thereto)—
(A)the action may only be taken after the requirements of sections
6444 of this title have been satisfied; and
(B)the September 1 limitation shall not apply.
(3) Authority for delay of Presidential actions
The President may delay action under paragraph (2) described in any of paragraphs (9) through (15) of section
6445(a) of this title (or commensurate action in substitution thereto) if he determines and certifies to Congress that a single, additional period of time, not to exceed 90 days, is necessary pursuant to the same provisions applying to countries of particular concern for religious freedom under section
6442(c)(3) of this title.
(1) In general
In carrying out subsection (b) of this section, the President shall—
(A)take the action or actions that most appropriately respond to the nature and severity of the violations of religious freedom;
(B)seek to the fullest extent possible to target action as narrowly as practicable with respect to the agency or instrumentality of the foreign government, or specific officials thereof, that are responsible for such violations; and
(C)when appropriate, make every reasonable effort to conclude a binding agreement concerning the cessation of such violations in countries with which the United States has diplomatic relations.
(2) Guidelines for Presidential actions
In addition to the guidelines under paragraph (1), the President, in determining whether to take a Presidential action under paragraphs (9) through (15) of section
6445(a) of this title (or commensurate action in substitution thereto), shall seek to minimize any adverse impact on—
(A)the population of the country whose government is targeted by the Presidential action or actions; and
(B)the humanitarian activities of United States and foreign nongovernmental organizations in such country.
Delegation of Responsibilities Under the International Religious Freedom Act of 1998
Memorandum of President of the United States, Aug. 17, 1999, 64 F.R. 47345, provided:
Memorandum for the Secretary of State
By the authority vested in me by the Constitution and the laws of the United States of America, including section
301 of title
3 of the United States Code, I hereby delegate to the Secretary of State the functions and authorities vested in the President by title IV, subtitle I (sections
401–409) of the International Religious Freedom Act of 1998 [22 U.S.C. 6441 et seq.] (Public Law 105–292) (the “Act”).
Any reference in this memorandum to any act shall be deemed to be a reference to such act as amended from time to time.
The functions delegated by this memorandum may be delegated within the Department of State.
You are authorized and directed to publish this memorandum in the Federal Register.
William J. Clinton.
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