Any transfer before October 18, 1983, from, by, or on behalf of the Tribe or any of its members of land or natural resources located anywhere within the United States, and any transfer before October 18, 1983, from, by, or on behalf of any Indian, Indian nation, or tribe or band of Indians of land or natural resources located anywhere within the town of Ledyard, Connecticut, shall be deemed to have been made in accordance with the Constitution and all laws of the United States, including without limitation the Trade and Intercourse Act of 1790, Act of July 22, 1790 (ch. 33, sec.
4, 1 Stat. 137, 138), and all amendments thereto and all subsequent reenactments and versions thereof, and Congress hereby does approve and ratify any such transfer effective as of the date of said transfer.
(b) Extinguishment of title
By virtue of the approval and ratification of a transfer of land or natural resources effected by subsection (a) of this section, any aboriginal title held by the Tribe or any member of the Tribe, or any other Indian, Indian nation, or tribe or band of Indians, to any land or natural resources the transfer of which was approved and ratified by subsection (a) of this section shall be regarded as extinguished as of the date of such transfer.
(c) Extinguishment of claims
By virtue of the approval and ratification of a transfer of land or natural resources effected by this section, or the extinguishment of aboriginal title effected thereby, any claim (including any claim for damages for trespass or for use and occupancy) by, or on behalf of, the Tribe or any member of the Tribe or by any other Indian, Indian nation, or tribe or band of Indians, against the United States, any State or subdivision thereof or any other person which is based on—
(1)any interest in or right involving any land or natural resources the transfer of which was approved and ratified by subsection (a) of this section, or
(2)any aboriginal title to land or natural resources the extinguishment of which was effected by subsection (b) of this section,
shall be regarded as extinguished as of the date of any such transfer.
(d) Savings provision
Nothing in this section shall be construed to affect or eliminate the personal claim of any individual Indian (except for Federal common law fraud claim) which is pursued under any law of general applicability that protects non-Indians as well as Indians.
(e) Effective date; notice
(1)This section shall take effect upon the appropriation of $900,000 as authorized under section
1754(e) of this title.
(2)The Secretary shall publish notice of such appropriation in the Federal Register when the funds are deposited in the fund established under section
1754(a) of this title.
The Trade and Intercourse Act of 1790, Act of July 22, 1790 (ch. 33, sec.
4, 1 Stat. 137, 138), referred to in subsec. (a), is not classified to the Code. See sections
264 of this title.
In subsec. (a), “October 18, 1983” substituted for “the date of enactment of this Act”, meaning the date of approval of Pub. L. 98–134.
The table below lists the classification updates, since Jan. 3, 2012, for this section. Updates to a broader range of sections may be found at the update page for containing chapter, title, etc.
The most recent Classification Table update that we have noticed was Tuesday, August 13, 2013
An empty table indicates that we see no relevant changes listed in the classification tables. If you suspect that our system may be missing something, please double-check with the Office of the Law Revision Counsel.
Description of Change
Statutes at Large
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