Where the assessment of any tax imposed by this title has been made within the period of limitation properly applicable thereto, such tax may be collected by levy or by a proceeding in court, but only if the levy is made or the proceeding begun—
(1)within 10 years after the assessment of the tax, or
(A)there is an installment agreement between the taxpayer and the Secretary, prior to the date which is 90 days after the expiration of any period for collection agreed upon in writing by the Secretary and the taxpayer at the time the installment agreement was entered into; or
(B)there is a release of levy under section
6343 after such 10-year period, prior to the expiration of any period for collection agreed upon in writing by the Secretary and the taxpayer before such release.
If a timely proceeding in court for the collection of a tax is commenced, the period during which such tax may be collected by levy shall be extended and shall not expire until the liability for the tax (or a judgment against the taxpayer arising from such liability) is satisfied or becomes unenforceable.
(b) Date when levy is considered made
The date on which a levy on property or rights to property is made shall be the date on which the notice of seizure provided in section
6335(a) is given.
1998—Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 105–206, § 3461(a)(2), struck out first sentence of concluding provisions which read as follows: “The period so agreed upon may be extended by subsequent agreements in writing made before the expiration of the period previously agreed upon.”
Subsec. (a)(2). Pub. L. 105–206, § 3461(a)(1), added par. (2) and struck out former par. (2) which read as follows: “prior to the expiration of any period for collection agreed upon in writing by the Secretary and the taxpayer before the expiration of such 10-year period (or, if there is a release of levy under section
6343 after such 10-year period, then before such release).”
1990—Subsec. (a)(1). Pub. L. 101–508, § 11317(a)(1), substituted “10 years” for “6 years”.
Subsec. (a)(2). Pub. L. 101–508, § 11317(a)(2), substituted “10-year period” for “6-year period” wherever appearing.
1989—Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 101–239substituted “unenforceable” for “enforceable” in last sentence.
1988—Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 100–647amended last sentence generally. Prior to amendment, last sentence read as follows: “The period provided by this subsection during which a tax may be collected by levy shall not be extended or curtailed by reason of a judgment against the taxpayer.”
1976—Subsec. (a)(2). Pub. L. 94–455struck out “or his delegate” after “Secretary”.
1966—Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 89–719inserted sentence at end providing that the period provided by this subsection during which a tax may be collected by levy shall not be extended or curtailed by reason of a judgment against the taxpayer.
Effective Date of 1998 Amendment
Amendments by Pub. L. 105–206applicable to requests to extend period of limitations made after Dec. 31, 1999, with special provisions relating to requests made on or before such date, see section 3461(c) ofPub. L. 105–206, set out as a note under section
6501 of this title.
Effective Date of 1990 Amendment
Amendment by Pub. L. 101–508applicable to taxes assessed after Nov. 5, 1990, and to taxes assessed on or before that date if the period specified in this section (determined without regard to the amendments made by Pub. L. 101–508) for collection of such taxes has not expired as of such date, see section 11317(c) ofPub. L. 101–508, set out as a note under section
6323 of this title.
Effective Date of 1989 Amendment
Amendment by Pub. L. 101–239effective, except as otherwise provided, as if included in the provision of the Technical and Miscellaneous Revenue Act of 1988, Pub. L. 100–647, to which such amendment relates, see section 7817 ofPub. L. 101–239, set out as a note under section
1 of this title.
Effective Date of 1988 Amendment
Pub. L. 100–647, title I, § 1015(u)(2),Nov. 10, 1988, 102 Stat. 3573, provided that: “The amendment made by this subsection [amending this section] shall apply to levies issued after the date of the enactment of this Act [Nov. 10, 1988].”
Effective Date of 1966 Amendment
Amendment by Pub. L. 89–719applicable after Nov. 2, 1966, regardless of when title or lien of United States arose or when lien or interest of another person was acquired, except in a case in which a lien or title derived from enforcement of a lien held by United States has been enforced by a civil action or suit which has become final by judgment, sale, or agreement before Nov. 2, 1966, or in a case in which the amendment would impair a priority held by any person other than United States holding a lien or interest prior to Nov. 2, 1966, operate to increase liability of such person, or shorten the time for bringing suit with respect to transactions occurring before Nov. 2, 1966, see section
114(a)–(c) of Pub. L. 89–719, set out as a note under section
6323 of this title.
The table below lists the classification updates, since Jan. 3, 2012, for this section. Updates to a broader range of sections may be found at the update page for containing chapter, title, etc.
The most recent Classification Table update that we have noticed was Tuesday, August 13, 2013
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