29 U.S. Code § 1131 - Criminal penalties

prev | next
(a) Any person who willfully violates any provision of part 1 of this subtitle, or any regulation or order issued under any such provision, shall upon conviction be fined not more than $100,000 or imprisoned not more than 10 years, or both; except that in the case of such violation by a person not an individual, the fine imposed upon such person shall be a fine not exceeding $500,000.
(b) Any person that violates section 1149 of this title shall upon conviction be imprisoned not more than 10 years or fined under title 18, or both.


(Pub. L. 93–406, title I, § 501,Sept. 2, 1974, 88 Stat. 891; Pub. L. 107–204, title IX, § 904,July 30, 2002, 116 Stat. 805; Pub. L. 111–148, title VI, § 6601(b),Mar. 23, 2010, 124 Stat. 779.)

2010—Pub. L. 111–148designated existing provisions as subsec. (a) and added subsec. (b).
2002—Pub. L. 107–204substituted “$100,000” for “$5,000”, “10 years” for “one year”, and “$500,000” for “$100,000”.

Secretary authorized, effective Sept. 2, 1974, to promulgate regulations wherever provisions of this subchapter call for the promulgation of regulations, see section 1031 of this title.

The table below lists the classification updates, since Jan. 3, 2012, for this section. Updates to a broader range of sections may be found at the update page for containing chapter, title, etc.

The most recent Classification Table update that we have noticed was Tuesday, August 13, 2013

An empty table indicates that we see no relevant changes listed in the classification tables. If you suspect that our system may be missing something, please double-check with the Office of the Law Revision Counsel.

29 USCDescription of ChangeSession YearPublic LawStatutes at Large


LII has no control over and does not endorse any external Internet site that contains links to or references LII.