33 U.S. Code § 3301 - Definitions
prev | next
In this chapter, the following definitions apply:
The term “Administrator” means the Administrator of the Federal Emergency Management Agency.
(2) Canal structure
(A) In general
The term “canal structure” means an embankment, wall, or structure along a canal or manmade watercourse that—
(4) Floodplain management
The term “floodplain management” means the operation of a community program of corrective and preventative measures for reducing flood damage.
(5) Indian tribe
The term “inspection” means an actual inspection of a levee—
(A) In general
The term “levee” means a manmade barrier (such as an embankment, floodwall, or other structure)—
(i) the primary purpose of which is to provide hurricane, storm, or flood protection relating to seasonal high water, storm surges, precipitation, or other weather events; and
The term “levee” includes a levee system, including—
(i) levees and canal structures that—
The term “levee” does not include—
(i) a roadway or railroad embankment that is not integral to the performance of a flood damage reduction system;
(ii) a canal constructed completely within natural ground without any manmade structure (such as an embankment or retaining wall to retain water or a case in which water is retained only by natural ground);
(iii) a canal regulated by a Federal or State agency in a manner that ensures that applicable Federal safety criteria are met;
(iv) a levee or canal structure—
(II) that is not recognized under the National Flood Insurance Program as providing protection from the 1-percent-annual-chance or greater flood;
(8) Levee feature
The term “levee feature” means a structure that is critical to the functioning of a levee, including—
(9) Levee system
The term “levee system” means 1 or more levee segments, including all levee features that are interconnected and necessary to ensure protection of the associated leveed areas—
(10) National levee database
The term “national levee database” means the levee database established under section 3303 of this title.
(11) Participating program
The term “participating program” means a levee safety program developed by a State or Indian tribe that includes the minimum components necessary for recognition by the Secretary.
The term “rehabilitation” means the repair, replacement, reconstruction, removal of a levee, or reconfiguration of a levee system, including a setback levee, that is carried out to reduce flood risk or meet national levee safety guidelines.
The term “risk” means a measure of the probability and severity of undesirable consequences.
The term “State” means—
(15) State levee safety agency
The term “State levee safety agency” means the agency of a State that has regulatory authority over the safety of any non-Federal levee in the State.
Source(Pub. L. 110–114, title IX, § 9002,Nov. 8, 2007, 121 Stat. 1288; Pub. L. 113–121, title III, § 3016(b),June 10, 2014, 128 Stat. 1289.)
2014—Pars. (1) to (6). Pub. L. 113–121, § 3016(b)(1)–(3), added pars. (1), (2), (4), and (5), and redesignated former pars. (1) and (2) as (3) and (6), respectively. Former pars. (3), (4), (5), and (6) redesignated (7), (14), (15, and (16), respectively.
Par. (7). Pub. L. 113–121, § 3016(b)(4), added par. (7) and struck out former par. (7) which defined “levee”.
Pub. L. 113–121, § 3016(b)(1), redesignated par. (3) as (7).
Pars. (8) to (16). Pub. L. 113–121, § 3016(b)(1), (4), added pars. (8) to (13) and redesignated pars. (4) to (6) as (14) to (16), respectively.
Pub. L. 110–114, title IX, § 9001(a), formerly § 9001,Nov. 8, 2007, 121 Stat. 1288, renumbered § 9001(a) and amended by Pub. L. 113–121, title III, § 3016(a)(1), (2),June 10, 2014, 128 Stat. 1289, provided that: “This title [enacting this chapter] may be cited as the ‘National Levee Safety Act of 2007’.”
Purposes of the Safety Program
Pub. L. 110–114, title IX, § 9001(b), as added Pub. L. 113–121, title III, § 3016(a)(3),June 10, 2014, 128 Stat. 1289, provided that: “The purposes of this title [enacting this chapter] are—
“(1) to ensure that human lives and property that are protected by new and existing levees are safe;
“(2) to encourage the use of appropriate engineering policies, procedures, and technical practices for levee site investigation, design, construction, operation and maintenance, inspection, assessment, and emergency preparedness;
“(3) to develop and support public education and awareness projects to increase public acceptance and support of levee safety programs and provide information;
“(4) to build public awareness of the residual risks associated with living in levee protected areas;
“(5) to develop technical assistance materials, seminars, and guidelines to improve the security of levees of the United States; and
“(6) to encourage the establishment of effective State and tribal levee safety programs.”