33 U.S. Code § 401 - Construction of bridges, causeways, dams or dikes generally; exemptions

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It shall not be lawful to construct or commence the construction of any bridge, causeway, dam, or dike over or in any port, roadstead, haven, harbor, canal, navigable river, or other navigable water of the United States until the consent of Congress to the building of such structures shall have been obtained and until the plans for
(1) the bridge or causeway shall have been submitted to and approved by the Secretary of Transportation, or
(2) the dam or dike shall have been submitted to and approved by the Chief of Engineers and Secretary of the Army. However, such structures may be built under authority of the legislature of a State across rivers and other waterways the navigable portions of which lie wholly within the limits of a single State, provided the location and plans thereof are submitted to and approved by the Secretary of Transportation or by the Chief of Engineers and Secretary of the Army before construction is commenced. When plans for any bridge or other structure have been approved by the Secretary of Transportation or by the Chief of Engineers and Secretary of the Army, it shall not be lawful to deviate from such plans either before or after completion of the structure unless modification of said plans has previously been submitted to and received the approval of the Secretary of Transportation or the Chief of Engineers and the Secretary of the Army. The approval required by this section of the location and plans or any modification of plans of any bridge or causeway does not apply to any bridge or causeway over waters that are not subject to the ebb and flow of the tide and that are not used and are not susceptible to use in their natural condition or by reasonable improvement as a means to transport interstate or foreign commerce.

Source

(Mar. 3, 1899, ch. 425, § 9,30 Stat. 1151; Pub. L. 97–322, title I, § 107(b),Oct. 15, 1982, 96 Stat. 1582; Pub. L. 97–449, § 2(f),Jan. 12, 1983, 96 Stat. 2440.)
Codification

Section is from act Mar. 3, 1899, popularly known as the “Rivers and Harbors Appropriation Act of 1899”, and together with section 403 of this title superseded act Sept. 19, 1890, ch. 907, § 7,26 Stat. 454, as amended by act July 13, 1892, ch. 158, § 3,27 Stat. 88, which prohibited the erection of obstructions to navigation, and prohibited the erection of bridges over navigable waters under State legislation before the approval of the plans by the Secretary of War, and prohibited the alteration of channels unless authorized by that Secretary.
Amendments

1983—Pub. L. 97–449amended section generally to reflect transfer of certain functions, powers, and duties of Secretary of the Army under this section to Secretary of Transportation. See Transfer of Functions note below.
1982—Pub. L. 97–322inserted sentence at end relating to exemption.
Transfer of Functions

Enforcement functions of Secretary or other official in Department of Transportation related to compliance with permits for bridges across navigable waters issued under this section with respect to pre-construction, construction, and initial operation of transportation system for Canadian and Alaskan natural gas were transferred to the Federal Inspector, Office of Federal Inspector for the Alaska Natural Gas Transportation System, until the first anniversary of date of initial operation of the Alaska Natural Gas Transportation System, see Reorg. Plan No. 1 of 1979, §§ 102(c), 203 (a),44 F.R. 33663, 33666, 93 Stat. 1373, 1376, effective July 1, 1979, set out in the Appendix to Title 5, Government Organization and Employees. Office of Federal Inspector for the Alaska Natural Gas Transportation System abolished and functions and authority vested in Inspector transferred to Secretary of Energy by section 3012(b) ofPub. L. 102–486, set out as an Abolition of Office of Federal Inspector note under section 719e of Title 15, Commerce and Trade. Functions and authority vested in Secretary of Energy subsequently transferred to Federal Coordinator for Alaska Natural Gas Transportation Projects by section 720d (f) of Title 15.
Functions, powers, and duties of Secretary of the Army [formerly War] and other offices and officers of Department of the Army [formerly War] under this section to extent that they relate generally to location and clearances of bridges and causeways in navigable waters of United States transferred to and vested in Secretary of Transportation by Pub. L. 89–670, § 6(g)(6)(A),Oct. 15, 1966, 80 Stat. 941. Pub. L. 97–449amended this section to reflect transfer made by section 6(g)(6)(A) ofPub. L. 89–670, and repealed section 6 (g)(6)(A).

This is a list of parts within the Code of Federal Regulations for which this US Code section provides rulemaking authority.

This list is taken from the Parallel Table of Authorities and Rules provided by GPO [Government Printing Office].

It is not guaranteed to be accurate or up-to-date, though we do refresh the database weekly. More limitations on accuracy are described at the GPO site.


23 CFR - Highways

23 CFR Part 650 - BRIDGES, STRUCTURES, AND HYDRAULICS

33 CFR - Navigation and Navigable Waters

33 CFR Part 1 - GENERAL PROVISIONS

33 CFR Part 114 - GENERAL

33 CFR Part 115 - BRIDGE LOCATIONS AND CLEARANCES; ADMINISTRATIVE PROCEDURES

33 CFR Part 116 - ALTERATION OF UNREASONABLY OBSTRUCTIVE BRIDGES

33 CFR Part 320 - GENERAL REGULATORY POLICIES

33 CFR Part 321 - PERMITS FOR DAMS AND DIKES IN NAVIGABLE WATERS OF THE UNITED STATES

33 CFR Part 325 - PROCESSING OF DEPARTMENT OF THE ARMY PERMITS

33 CFR Part 326 - ENFORCEMENT

33 CFR Part 329 - DEFINITION OF NAVIGABLE WATERS OF THE UNITED STATES

33 CFR Part 330 - NATIONWIDE PERMIT PROGRAM

33 CFR Part 331 - ADMINISTRATIVE APPEAL PROCESS

 

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