38 U.S. Code § 3733 - Property management

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(a)
(1) Of the number of purchases made during any fiscal year of real property acquired by the Secretary as the result of a default on a loan guaranteed under this chapter for a purpose described in section 3710 (a) of this title, not more than 65 percent, nor less than 50 percent, of such purchases may be financed by a loan made by the Secretary. The maximum percentage stated in the preceding sentence may be increased to 80 percent for any fiscal year if the Secretary determines that such an increase is necessary in order to maintain the effective functioning of the loan guaranty program.
(2) After September 30, 1990, the percentage limitations described in paragraph (1) of this subsection shall have no effect.
(3) The Secretary may, beginning on October 1, 1990, sell any note evidencing a loan referred to in paragraph (1)—
(A) with recourse; or
(B) without recourse, but only if the amount received is equal to an amount which is not less than the unpaid balance of such loan.
(4)
(A) Except as provided in subparagraph (B), the amount of a loan made by the Secretary to finance the purchase of real property from the Secretary described in paragraph (1) may not exceed an amount equal to 95 percent of the purchase price of such real property.
(B)
(i) The Secretary may waive the provisions of subparagraph (A) in the case of any loan described in paragraph (5).
(ii) A loan described in subparagraph (A) may, to the extent the Secretary determines to be necessary in order to market competitively the property involved, exceed 95 percent of the purchase price.
(5) The Secretary may include, as part of a loan to finance a purchase of real property from the Secretary described in paragraph (1), an amount to be used only for the purpose of rehabilitating such property. Such amount may not exceed the amount necessary to rehabilitate the property to a habitable state, and payments shall be made available periodically as such rehabilitation is completed.
(6) The Secretary shall make a loan to finance the sale of real property described in paragraph (1) at an interest rate that is lower than the prevailing mortgage market interest rate in areas where, and to the extent, the Secretary determines, in light of prevailing conditions in the real estate market involved, that such lower interest rate is necessary in order to market the property competitively and is in the interest of the long-term stability and solvency of the Veterans Housing Benefit Program Fund established by section 3722 (a) of this title.
(7) During the period that begins on December 16, 2003, and ends on September 30, 2014, the Secretary shall carry out the provisions of this subsection as if—
(A) the references in the first sentence of paragraph (1) to “65 percent” and “may be financed” were references to “85 percent” and “shall be financed”, respectively;
(B) the second sentence of paragraph (1) were repealed; and
(C) the reference in paragraph (2) to “September 30, 1990,” were a reference to “September 30, 2014,”.
(b) The Secretary may not make a loan to finance a purchase of property acquired by the Secretary as a result of a default on a loan guaranteed under this chapter unless the purchaser meets the credit underwriting standards established under section 3710 (g)(2)(A) of this title.
(c)
(1) The Secretary shall identify and compile information on common factors which the Secretary finds contribute to foreclosures on loans guaranteed under this chapter.
(2) The Secretary shall include a summary of the information compiled, and the Secretary’s findings, under paragraph (1) in the annual report submitted to the Congress under section 529 of this title. As part of such summary and findings, the Secretary shall provide a separate analysis of the factors which contribute to foreclosures of loans which have been assumed.
(d)
(1) The Secretary shall furnish to real estate brokers and other real estate sales professionals information on the availability of real property for disposition under this chapter and the procedures used by the Department of Veterans Affairs to dispose of such property.
(2) For the purpose of facilitating the most expeditious sale, at the highest possible price, of real property acquired by the Secretary as the result of a default on a loan guaranteed, insured, or made under this chapter, the Secretary shall list all such property with real estate brokers under such arrangements as the Secretary determines to be most appropriate and cost effective.

Source

(Pub. L. 85–857, Sept. 2, 1958, 72 Stat. 1212, §§ 1816(d)–(f), 1832; Pub. L. 98–369, div. B, title V, § 2512(a)(2),July 18, 1984, 98 Stat. 1117; Pub. L. 99–576, title IV, §§ 402(c)(1), 403, 408(a),Oct. 28, 1986, 100 Stat. 3281, 3283; Pub. L. 100–136, § 2,Oct. 16, 1987, 101 Stat. 813; Pub. L. 100–198, §§ 6(a)(1), (b)(1), 14,Dec. 21, 1987, 101 Stat. 1317, 1318, 1325; Pub. L. 100–203, title VII, §§ 7001, 7003(a),Dec. 22, 1987, 101 Stat. 1330–278, 1330–279; Pub. L. 100–253, § 2,Feb. 29, 1988, 102 Stat. 20; renumbered § 1833 and amended Pub. L. 100–322, title IV, § 415(b)(1)(D), (5)(B), (C),May 20, 1988, 102 Stat. 550, 551; Pub. L. 100–689, title III, § 301,Nov. 18, 1988, 102 Stat. 4176; Pub. L. 101–237, title III, §§ 305(a), 313 (b)(1), (2),Dec. 18, 1989, 103 Stat. 2073, 2077; Pub. L. 101–239, title V, §§ 5002, 5003(a),Dec. 19, 1989, 103 Stat. 2136; Pub. L. 102–54, §§ 2, 14(g)(1), 15(a)(5),June 13, 1991, 105 Stat. 267, 288, 289; renumbered § 3733 and amended Pub. L. 102–83, §§ 2(c)(3), 5(a), (c)(1),Aug. 6, 1991, 105 Stat. 402, 406; Pub. L. 102–291, § 5(b),May 20, 1992, 106 Stat. 180; Pub. L. 105–368, title VI, § 602(c)(2), (e)(1)(E),Nov. 11, 1998, 112 Stat. 3346; Pub. L. 108–183, title IV, § 404,Dec. 16, 2003, 117 Stat. 2664; Pub. L. 109–233, title V, § 503(10),June 15, 2006, 120 Stat. 416; Pub. L. 111–275, title X, § 1001(j),Oct. 13, 2010, 124 Stat. 2897; Pub. L. 113–59, § 13,Dec. 20, 2013, 127 Stat. 663.)
Amendments

2013—Subsec. (a)(7). Pub. L. 113–59substituted “September 30, 2014” for “September 30, 2013” in introductory provisions and in subpar. (C).
2010—Subsec. (a)(7). Pub. L. 111–275inserted comma after “2003” in introductory provisions.
2006—Subsec. (a)(7). Pub. L. 109–233, which directed the substitution of “December 16, 2003” for “the date of the enactment of the Veterans Benefits Act of 2003”, was executed by making the substitution for “the date of the enactment of the Veterans’ Benefits Act of 2003” to reflect the probable intent of Congress.
2003—Subsec. (a)(4)(A). Pub. L. 108–183, § 404(b)(1)(A), (2), struck out “of this paragraph” after “subparagraph (B)” and “of this subsection” after “paragraph (1)”.
Subsec. (a)(4)(B)(i). Pub. L. 108–183, § 404(b)(1)(B), (2), struck out “of this paragraph” after “subparagraph (A)” and “of this subsection” after “paragraph (5)”.
Subsec. (a)(4)(B)(ii). Pub. L. 108–183, § 404(b)(2), struck out “of this paragraph” after “subparagraph (A)”.
Subsec. (a)(5), (6). Pub. L. 108–183, § 404(b)(1)(A), struck out “of this subsection” after “paragraph (1)”.
Subsec. (a)(7). Pub. L. 108–183, § 404(a), added par. (7).
Subsec. (c)(2). Pub. L. 108–183, § 404(b)(1)(A), struck out “of this subsection” after “paragraph (1)”.
1998—Subsec. (a)(6). Pub. L. 105–368, § 602(e)(1)(E), substituted “Veterans Housing Benefit Program Fund established by section 3722 (a)” for “Department of Veterans Affairs Loan Guaranty Revolving Fund established by section 3724(a)”.
Subsec. (e). Pub. L. 105–368, § 602(c)(2), struck out subsec. (e) which read as follows: “Notwithstanding any other provision of law, the amount received from the sale of any note evidencing a loan secured by real property described in subsection (a)(1) of this section, and the amount received from the sale of securities under section 3720 (h) of this title, shall be credited, without any reduction and for the fiscal year in which the amount is received, as offsetting collections of—
“(1) the revolving fund for which a fee under section 3729 of this title was collected (or was exempted from being collected) at the time of the original guaranty of the loan that was secured by the same property; or
“(2) in any case in which there was no requirement of (or exemption from) a fee at the time of the original guaranty of the loan that was secured by the same property, the Loan Guaranty Revolving Fund; and
the total so credited to any revolving fund for a fiscal year shall offset outlays attributed to such revolving fund during such fiscal year.”
1992—Subsec. (e). Pub. L. 102–291inserted “, and the amount received from the sale of securities under section 3720 (h) of this title,”.
1991—Pub. L. 102–83, § 5(a), renumbered section 1833 of this title as this section.
Subsec. (a)(1). Pub. L. 102–83, § 5(c)(1), substituted “3710(a)” for “1810(a)”.
Subsec. (a)(2). Pub. L. 102–54, § 2(a), added par. (2) and struck out former par. (2) which read as follows: “In carrying out paragraph (1) of this subsection, the Secretary, to the maximum extent consistent with that paragraph and with maintaining the effective functioning of the loan guaranty program under this chapter, shall minimize the number of loans made by the Secretary to finance purchases of real property from the Secretary described in that paragraph.”
Subsec. (a)(3). Pub. L. 102–54, § 2(a), added par. (3) and struck out former par. (3) which authorized sales before Oct. 1, 1990, of notes for loans under subsec. (a)(1) and required Secretary to make reports of such sales to Committees on Veterans’ Affairs of Senate and House of Representatives.
Subsec. (a)(6). Pub. L. 102–83, § 5(c)(1), substituted “3724(a)” for “1824(a)”.
Pub. L. 102–54, § 3(b), redesignated par. (7) as (6) and struck out former par. (6) which read as follows: “This subsection shall cease to have effect on December 31, 1990.”
Subsec. (a)(7). Pub. L. 102–54, § 3(b)(2), redesignated par. (7) as (6).
Subsec. (b). Pub. L. 102–83, § 5(c)(1), substituted “3710(g)(2)(A)” for “1810(g)(2)(A)”.
Subsec. (c)(2). Pub. L. 102–83, § 2(c)(3), substituted “section 529” for “section 214”.
Subsec. (d). Pub. L. 102–54, § 14(g)(1), made a technical amendment to Pub. L. 100–322, § 415(b)(5)(C). See 1988 Amendment note below.
Subsec. (e). Pub. L. 102–83, § 5(c)(1), substituted “3729” for “1829” in par. (1).
Pub. L. 102–54, § 15(a)(5), struck out subsec. (e) as added by Pub. L. 101–239, § 5003(a), which was identical to subsec. (e) added by Pub. L. 101–237, § 305(a)(3). See 1989 Amendment note below.
1989—Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 101–237§ 313(b)(1), (2), substituted “Secretary” and “Department of Veterans Affairs” for “Administrator” and “Veterans’ Administration”, respectively, wherever appearing.
Subsec. (a)(3). Pub. L. 101–239, § 5002, substituted “October 1, 1990” for “October 1, 1989” wherever appearing.
Pub. L. 101–237, § 305(a)(1), which directed the amendment of subpar. (A) by substituting “Subject to subparagraph (C) of this paragraph,” for “Before October 1, 1990,” the amendment of subparagraph (B) by striking out “occurring before October 1, 1990,” after “of this paragraph”, and the amendment of subpar. (C) by substituting “October 1, 1989” for “October 1, 1990” in introductory provisions, did not become effective, see section 305(b)(1) ofPub. L. 101–237, set out as an Effective Date of 1989 Amendments note below.
Subsec. (a)(6). Pub. L. 101–237, § 305(a)(2), substituted “December 31” for “October 1”.
Subsecs. (b) to (d). Pub. L. 101–237, § 313(b)(1), (2), substituted “Secretary”, “Secretary’s”, and “Department of Veterans Affairs” for “Administrator”, “Administrator’s”, and “Veterans’ Administration”, respectively, wherever appearing.
Subsec. (e). Pub. L. 101–237, § 305(a)(3), andPub. L. 101–239, § 5003(a), amended section identically adding identical subsecs. (e).
1988—Pub. L. 100–322, § 415(b)(1)(D), added section catchline.
Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 100–322, § 415(b)(1)(D), redesignatedsubsec. (d) ofsection 1816 of this title as subsec. (a) of this section.
Subsec. (a)(4)(B) [formerly § 1816(d)(4)(B)]. Pub. L. 100–253designated existing provisions as cl. (i) and added cl. (ii).
Subsec. (a)(7). Pub. L. 100–689added par. (7).
Subsecs. (b), (c). Pub. L. 100–322, § 415(b)(1)(D), redesignatedsubsecs. (e) and (f) ofsection 1816 of this title as subsecs. (b) and (c), respectively, of this section.
Subsec. (d). Pub. L. 100–322, § 415(b)(5)(B), (C), as amended by Pub. L. 102–54, § 14(g)(1), redesignatedsubsecs. (a) and (b) ofsection 1832 of this title as pars. (1) and (2), respectively, of subsec. (d) of this section.
1987—Subsec. (a)(1) [formerly § 1816(d)(1)]. Pub. L. 100–198, § 6(a)(1), andPub. L. 100–203, § 7003(a), amended par. (1) identically, substituting “not more than 65 percent, nor less than 50 percent” for “not more than 75 percent, nor less than 60 percent”. See 1988 Amendment note above.
Subsec. (a)(3) [formerly § 1816(d)(3)]. Pub. L. 100–203, § 7001, added subpars. (A) and (B), redesignated existing provisions as subpar. (C), substituted “Beginning on October 1, 1989, the Administrator may sell any note evidencing” for “The Administrator may sell any note securing”, and redesignated cls. (A) and (B) as (i) and (ii), respectively. See 1988 Amendment note above.
Pub. L. 100–136amended par. (3) generally. Prior to amendment, par. (3) read as follows: “Notes securing such loans may be sold with recourse only to the extent that the Administrator determines that selling such notes with recourse is necessary in order to maintain the effective functioning of the loan guaranty program under this chapter.” See 1988 Amendment note above.
Subsec. (a)(4) to (6) [formerly § 1816(d)(4) to (6)]. Pub. L. 100–198, § 6(b)(1), added pars. (4) to (6). See 1988 Amendment note above.
Subsec. (d) [formerly § 1832]. Pub. L. 100–198, § 14, designated existing provisions as subsec. (a) and added subsec. (b). See 1988 Amendment note above.
1986—Subsec. (b) [formerly § 1816(e)]. Pub. L. 99–576, § 402(c)(1), added subsec. (e). See 1988 Amendment note above.
Subsec. (c) [formerly § 1816(f)]. Pub. L. 99–576, § 403, added subsec. (f). See 1988 Amendment note above.
Subsec. (d) [formerly § 1832]. Pub. L. 99–576, § 408(a), enacted section. See 1988 Amendment note above.
1984—Subsec. (a) [formerly § 1816(d)]. Pub. L. 98–369, § 2512(a)(2), added subsec. (d). See 1988 Amendment note above.
Effective Date of 1998 Amendment

Amendment by Pub. L. 105–368effective Oct. 1, 1998, see section 602(f) ofPub. L. 105–368, set out as a note under section 2106 of this title.
Effective Date of 1991 Amendment

Pub. L. 102–54, § 14(g)(1),June 13, 1991, 105 Stat. 288, provided that the amendment made by that section is effective as of May 20, 1988.
Effective Date of 1989 Amendments

Pub. L. 101–239, title V, § 5003(b),Dec. 19, 1989, 103 Stat. 2137, provided that: “Subsection (e) ofsection 1833 [now 3733] of title 38, United States Code, as added by subsection (a), shall apply with respect to amounts referred to in such subsection (e) received on or after October 1, 1989.”
Pub. L. 101–237, title III, § 305(b)(1),Dec. 18, 1989, 103 Stat. 2074, as amended by Pub. L. 102–83, § 5(c)(2),Aug. 6, 1991, 105 Stat. 406, provided that: “If, before the date and time of the enactment of this Act [Dec. 18, 1989], no provision of law has been enacted amending section 1833 [now 3733] of title 38, United States Code, by adding a new subsection (e) with a text substantively identical to the text of the new subsection (e) added to such section 1833 [now 3733] by subsection (a)(3) of this section, the provisions of subsection (a)(1) of this section amending subsection (a)(3) of such section 1833 [now 3733] shall not take effect.”
Pub. L. 101–237, title III, § 305(b)(2),Dec. 18, 1989, 103 Stat. 2074, as amended by Pub. L. 102–83, § 5(c)(2),Aug. 6, 1991, 105 Stat. 406, provided that: “Subsection (e) ofsection 1833 [now 3733] of such title 38, as added by subsection (a)(3), shall apply with respect to amounts referred to in such subsection (e) received after September 30, 1989.”
Effective Date of 1987 Amendments

Pub. L. 100–203, title VII, § 7003(b),Dec. 22, 1987, 101 Stat. 1330–279, provided that: “The amendment made by subsection (a) [amending this section] shall take effect as of October 1, 1987.”
Pub. L. 100–198, § 6(a)(2),Dec. 21, 1987, 101 Stat. 1318, provided that: “The amendment made by paragraph (1) [amending this section] shall take effect as of October 1, 1987.”
Pub. L. 100–198, § 6(b)(2),Dec. 21, 1987, 101 Stat. 1318, provided that: “The amendment made by this subsection [amending this section] shall apply to loans made more than 30 days after the date of the enactment of this Act [Dec. 21, 1987].”
Effective Date of 1984 Amendment

Amendment by Pub. L. 98–369effective Oct. 1, 1984, see section 2512(c) ofPub. L. 98–369, as amended, set out as a note under section 3732 of this title.
Rule for Construction of Duplicate Provisions

Pub. L. 100–203, title VII, § 7004(b),Dec. 22, 1987, 101 Stat. 1330–280, provided that: “In applying the provisions of this title [title VII of Pub. L. 100–203] and the provisions of the Veterans’ Home Loan Program Improvements and Property Rehabilitation Act of 1987 [Pub. L. 100–198] which make the same amendments as the provisions of this title [amending sections 1816 [now 3733] and 1829 [now 3729] of this title]—
“(1) the identical provisions of title 38, United States Code, amended by the provisions of this title and the provisions of such Act shall be treated as having been amended only once; and
“(2) in executing to title 38, United States Code, the amendments made by this title and by such Act, such amendments shall be executed so as to appear only once in the law.”
Report to Congress

Pub. L. 100–198, § 6(c),Dec. 21, 1987, 101 Stat. 1318, directed Administrator of Veterans’ Affairs, by Mar. 1, 1990, to transmit to Congress a report of activities carried out, through Dec. 31, 1989, under paragraphs (4) and (5) of section 1816 (d) of this title [which became pars. (4) and (5) of subsec. (a) of this section].

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38 USCDescription of ChangeSession YearPublic LawStatutes at Large
§ 37332013113-59 [Sec.] 13127 Stat. 663

 

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