42 U.S. Code § 1973aa - Application of prohibition to other States; “test or device” defined

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(a) No citizen shall be denied, because of his failure to comply with any test or device, the right to vote in any Federal, State, or local election conducted in any State or political subdivision of a State.
(b) As used in this section, the term “test or device” means any requirement that a person as a prerequisite for voting or registration for voting
(1) demonstrate the ability to read, write, understand, or interpret any matter,
(2) demonstrate any educational achievement or his knowledge of any particular subject,
(3) possess good moral character, or
(4) prove his qualifications by the voucher of registered voters or members of any other class.


(Pub. L. 89–110, title II, § 201, as added Pub. L. 91–285, § 6,June 22, 1970, 84 Stat. 315; amended Pub. L. 94–73, title I, § 102,Aug. 6, 1975, 89 Stat. 400.)

1975—Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 94–73struck out “Prior to August 6, 1975,” and “as to which the provisions of section 1973b (a) of this title are not in effect by reason of determinations made under section 1973b (b) of this title”.

The table below lists the classification updates, since Jan. 3, 2012, for this section. Updates to a broader range of sections may be found at the update page for containing chapter, title, etc.

The most recent Classification Table update that we have noticed was Tuesday, August 13, 2013

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42 USCDescription of ChangeSession YearPublic LawStatutes at Large


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