(a) Summoning; oaths; production of books and papers; fees
For the purpose of any investigation which, in the opinion of the Secretary of Transportation, is necessary and proper in carrying out this chapter, the Secretary may subpoena witnesses, administer oaths and affirmations, take evidence, and require the production of books, papers, or other documents that are relevant to the matter under investigation. The attendance of witnesses and the production of books, papers, or other documents may be required from any place in the United States or any territory, district, or possession thereof at any designated place of hearing. Witnesses summoned before the Secretary shall be paid the same fees and mileage that are paid witnesses in the courts of the United States.
(b) Refusal to obey subpena; court orders; contempt
Upon failure of any person to obey a subpoena issued by the Secretary, the Secretary may invoke the aid of any district court of the United States within the jurisdiction in which the person resides or carries on business in requiring the attendance and testimony of witnesses and the production of books, papers, or other documents. Any such court may issue an order requiring the person to appear before the Secretary, or an employee designated by the Secretary, there to produce books, papers, or other documents, if so ordered, or to give testimony relevant to the matter under investigation. A failure to obey an order of the court may be punished by the court as a contempt thereof. Process in such a case may be served in the judicial district in which the person resides or may be found.
1984—Pub. L. 98–595amended section generally, striking out in subsec. (a) “the Federal Maritime Commission or” before “the Secretary of Transportation”, “any member of the Commission, or any officer or employee thereof designated by it or” before “the Secretary”, and “the Commission or” before “the Secretary shall be paid”, and in subsec. (b), striking out “the Commission or” before “the Secretary,” substituting “the Secretary” for “it or he”, and striking out “the Commission or” before “the Secretary” in two places.
Pub. L. 98–237provided that this section is repealed wherever it applies to the Federal Maritime Commission, any member of the Commission, or any member, officer, or employee designated by the Commission. See Amendment note above for Pub. L. 98–595.
1981—Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 97–31, § 12(72)(A)–(C), substituted “Federal Maritime Commission or the Secretary of Transportation” for “Commission”; inserted “or the Secretary,” after “designated by it,” and “Commission”. For prior transfers of functions of the Commission, meaning the United States Maritime Commission, see Transfer of Functions note below.
Subsec. (b). Pub. L. 97–31, § 12(72)(C), (D), inserted “or the Secretary,” after “Commission” in three places and substituted “it or he” for “it”. For prior transfers of functions of the Commission, meaning the United States Maritime Commission, see Transfer of Functions note below.
1970—Subsec. (c). Pub. L. 91–452struck out subsec. (c) which related to the immunity from prosecution of any person compelled to testify or produce evidence, document or otherwise, after claiming his privilege against self-incrimination.
1938—Subsec. (a). Act June 23, 1938, struck out “within the Federal judicial district in which the witness resides” after “place of hearing”.
Effective Date of 1970 Amendment
Amendment by Pub. L. 91–452effective on sixtieth day following Oct. 15, 1970, and not to affect any immunity to which any individual is entitled under this section by reason of any testimony given before sixtieth day following Oct. 15, 1970, see section 260 ofPub. L. 91–452, set out as an Effective Date; Savings Provision note under section
6001 of Title
18, Crimes and Criminal Procedure.
Amendment by Pub. L. 98–237not to affect suits filed before Mar. 20, 1984, or claims arising out of conduct engaged in before Mar. 20, 1984, and filed within 1 year after that date; and agreements, contracts, modifications, and exemptions approved or licenses issued by the Federal Maritime Commission prior to Mar. 20, 1984, to continue as if approved or issued under chapter 36 (§ 1701 et seq.) of this Appendix, but new agreements, contracts, and modifications to existing, pending, or new contracts or agreements to be considered under chapter 36 of this Appendix, see section
1719 of this Appendix.
Transfer of Functions
For transfer of functions of United States Maritime Commission, see Reorg. Plan No. 6 of 1949, Reorg. Plan No. 21 of 1950, and Reorg. Plan No. 7 of 1961, set out under section
1111 of this Appendix.
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