(Pub. L. 103–272, § 1(e),July 5, 1994, 108 Stat. 1214; Pub. L. 104–264, title III, § 305(a),Oct. 9, 1996, 110 Stat. 3252; Pub. L. 104–287, § 5(9),Oct. 11, 1996, 110 Stat. 3389; Pub. L. 107–71, title I, § 101(f)(2), (7), (9),Nov. 19, 2001, 115 Stat. 603.)
Historical and Revision Notes
| Revised Section
|| Source (U.S. Code)
|| Source (Statutes at Large)
|49 App.:1358c(a), (b).
|Aug. 23, 1958, Pub. L. 85–726, 72 Stat. 731, § 320; added Nov. 16, 1990, Pub. L. 101–604, § 108, 104 Stat. 3077.
|Sept. 3, 1982, Pub. L. 97–248, § 529, 96 Stat. 699; Dec. 30, 1987, Pub. L. 100–223, § 114, 101 Stat. 1505.
In subsection (a), the words “after November 16, 1990” are omitted as executed. The words “The Administrator shall base the certification on” are substituted for “based on” because of the restatement.
In subsection (b), the words “but not be limited to” are omitted as unnecessary.
2001—Subsec. (a)(1). Pub. L. 107–71
, § 101(f)(9), substituted “of Transportation for Security” for “of the Federal Aviation Administration”.
Pub. L. 107–71
, § 101(f)(7), substituted “Under Secretary” for “Administrator” in two places.
Pub. L. 107–71
, § 101(f)(2), substituted “of the Transportation Security Administration” for “of the Administration” in second sentence.
Subsec. (a)(2) to (4). Pub. L. 107–71
, § 101(f)(7), substituted “Under Secretary” for “Administrator” wherever appearing.
1996—Subsec. (a)(2). Pub. L. 104–287
substituted “Transportation and Infrastructure” for “Public Works and Transportation”.
Subsec. (a)(3), (4). Pub. L. 104–264
added par. (3) and redesignated former par. (3) as (4).
Effective Date of 1996 Amendment
Except as otherwise specifically provided, amendment by Pub. L. 104–264
applicable only to fiscal years beginning after Sept. 30, 1996, and not to be construed as affecting funds made available for a fiscal year ending before Oct. 1, 1996, see section 3 ofPub. L. 104–264
, set out as a note under section
of this title.
Transfer of Functions
For transfer of functions, personnel, assets, and liabilities of the Transportation Security Administration of the Department of Transportation, including the functions of the Secretary of Transportation, and of the Under Secretary of Transportation for Security, relating thereto, to the Secretary of Homeland Security, and for treatment of related references, see sections
, Domestic Security, and the Department of Homeland Security Reorganization Plan of November 25, 2002, as modified, set out as a note under section
Improved Explosive Detection Systems
Pub. L. 108–458
, title IV, § 4024,Dec. 17, 2004, 118 Stat. 3724
, provided that:
“(a) Plan and Guidelines.—The Assistant Secretary of Homeland Security (Transportation Security Administration) shall develop a plan and guidelines for implementing improved explosive detection system equipment.
“(b) Authorization of Appropriations.—There is authorized to be appropriated to the Secretary of Homeland Security for the use of the Transportation Security Administration $100,000,000, in addition to any amounts otherwise authorized by law, for the purpose of research and development of improved explosive detection systems for aviation security under section
, United States Code.”
Weapons and Explosive Detection Study
Pub. L. 104–264
, title III, § 303,Oct. 9, 1996, 110 Stat. 3250
, provided that:
“(a) In General.—The Administrator of the Federal Aviation Administration shall enter into an arrangement with the Director of the National Academy of Sciences (or if the National Academy of Sciences is not available, the head of another equivalent entity) to conduct a study in accordance to this section.
“(b) Panel of Experts.—
“(1) In general.—In carrying out a study under this section, the Director of the National Academy of Sciences (or the head of another equivalent entity) shall establish a panel (hereinafter in this section referred to as the ‘panel’).
“(2) Expertise.—Each member of the panel shall have expertise in weapons and explosive detection technology, security, air carrier and airport operations, or another appropriate area. The Director of the National Academy of Sciences (or the head of another equivalent entity) shall ensure that the panel has an appropriate number of representatives of the areas specified in the preceding sentence.
“(c) Study.—The panel, in consultation with the National Science and Technology Council, representatives of appropriate Federal agencies, and appropriate members of the private sector, shall—
“(1) assess the weapons and explosive detection technologies that are available at the time of the study that are capable of being effectively deployed in commercial aviation;
“(2) determine how the technologies referred to in paragraph (1) may more effectively be used for promotion and improvement of security at airport and aviation facilities and other secured areas;
“(3) assess the cost and advisability of requiring hardened cargo containers as a way to enhance aviation security and reduce the required sensitivity of bomb detection equipment; and
“(4) on the basis of the assessments and determinations made under paragraphs (1), (2), and (3), identify the most promising technologies for the improvement of the efficiency and cost-effectiveness of weapons and explosive detection.
“(d) Cooperation.—The National Science and Technology Council shall take such actions as may be necessary to facilitate, to the maximum extent practicable and upon request of the Director of the National Academy of Sciences (or the head of another equivalent entity), the cooperation of representatives of appropriate Federal agencies, as provided for in subsection (c), in providing the panel, for the study under this section—
“(1) expertise; and
“(2) to the extent allowable by law, resources and facilities.
“(e) Reports.—The Director of the National Academy of Sciences (or the head of another equivalent entity) shall, pursuant to an arrangement entered into under subsection (a), submit to the Administrator such reports as the Administrator considers to be appropriate. Upon receipt of a report under this subsection, the Administrator shall submit a copy of the report to the appropriate committees of Congress.
“(f) Authorization of Appropriations.—There are authorized to be appropriated for each of fiscal years 1997 through 2001 such sums as may be necessary to carry out this section.”