51 U.S. Code § 30902 - Charles “Pete” Conrad Astronomy Awards
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(b) Definitions.— In this section:
(1) Amateur astronomer.— The term “amateur astronomer” means an individual whose employer does not provide any funding, payment, or compensation to the individual for the observation of asteroids and other celestial bodies, and does not include any individual employed as a professional astronomer.
(2) Minor planet center.— The term “Minor Planet Center” means the Minor Planet Center of the Smithsonian Astrophysical Observatory.
(3) Near-earth asteroid.— The term “near-Earth asteroid” means an asteroid with a perihelion distance of less than 1.3 Astronomical Units from the Sun.
(c) Charles “Pete” Conrad Astronomy Awards Program.—
(1) In general.— The Administrator shall establish the Charles “Pete” Conrad Astronomy Awards Program.
(2) Awards.— The Administrator shall make awards under the Program based on the recommendations of the Minor Planet Center.
(3) Award categories.— The Administrator shall make one annual award, unless there are no eligible discoveries or contributions, for each of the following categories:
(A) Discovery of brightest near-earth asteroid.— The amateur astronomer or group of amateur astronomers who in the preceding calendar year discovered the intrinsically brightest near-Earth asteroid among the near-Earth asteroids that were discovered during that year by amateur astronomers or groups of amateur astronomers.
(A) Citizen or permanent resident.— No individual who is not a citizen or permanent resident of the United States at the time of the individual’s discovery or contribution may receive an award under this section.