Before entering into agreements with foreign countries under subchapters II and III–A of this chapter for the provision of commodities, the Secretary or the Administrator, as appropriate, shall consider the extent to which the recipient country is undertaking measures for economic development purposes in order to improve food security and agricultural development, alleviate poverty, and promote broad-based, equitable, and sustainable development.
(b) Terms of agreement
An agreement entered into under this chapter shall—
(1)include an estimate of the annual value or volume of agricultural commodities proposed to be made available to the country or eligible organization under the agreement;
(2)with respect to agreements entered into with foreign countries under subchapters II and III–A of this chapter, include a statement of the manner in which the agricultural commodities provided under the agreement or the revenues generated by the sale of such commodities (if such commodities are sold), will be integrated into the overall development plans of the country to improve food security and agricultural development, alleviate poverty, and promote broad-based, equitable, and sustainable agriculture and broad-based economic growth;
(3)with respect to agreements entered into under subchapters II and III–A of this chapter, include a statement of the manner in which competitive private sector participation within the recipient country in the storage, marketing, transportation, and distribution of agricultural commodities made available under this chapter will be encouraged;
(4)include a statement that such agreement shall be subject to the availability, during each fiscal year to which the agreement applies, of the necessary appropriations and agricultural commodities; and
(5)contain such other terms and conditions as the Secretary or the Administrator, as appropriate, determines to be necessary.
(c) Multi-year agreements
(1) In general
Agreements to provide assistance on a multi-year basis to recipient countries or to eligible organizations—
(A)may be made available under subchapters II and III–A of this chapter; and
(B)shall be made available under subchapter III of this chapter.
The Secretary or the Administrator, as appropriate, may determine not to make assistance available on a multi-year basis with respect to a recipient country or an eligible organization if it is determined that assistance should be provided to such country or through such organization only on an annual basis because—
(A)the past performance of the country or organization in meeting program objectives does not warrant a multi-year agreement;
(B)it is anticipated that the need of the country or organization for food aid does not extend beyond 1 year; or
(C)other circumstances, as determined by the Secretary or the Administrator, as appropriate, indicate there is only a need for a 1 year agreement.
(d) Review of agreements
The Secretary or the Administrator, as appropriate, may make a determination to terminate, or refuse to enter into, a multi-year agreement with respect to a recipient country if the Secretary or the Administrator determines that such country is not fulfilling the objectives or requirements of this chapter. In making such a determination, the Secretary or the Administrator, as appropriate, may consider the extent to which the country is—
(1)making significant economic development reforms;
(2)promoting free and open markets for food and agricultural producers; and
1996—Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 104–127, § 214(1), inserted “with foreign countries” after “Before entering into agreements”.
Subsec. (b)(2). Pub. L. 104–127, § 214(2), inserted “with foreign countries” after “agreements entered into” and “and broad-based economic growth” before semicolon at end.
Subsec. (c)(1). Pub. L. 104–127, § 214(3), added par. (1) and struck out heading and text of former par. (1). Text read as follows: “Agreements to provide assistance on a multi-year basis under this chapter shall be made available to recipient countries or to eligible organizations.”
1990—Pub. L. 101–624amended section generally, substituting present provisions for provisions outlining aims of assistance programs, namely humanitarian and national interest objectives, and requiring assessments of recipient countries to determine types and quantities of commodities needed, conditions under which distribution should take place, most suitable timing for delivery, etc.
1979—Pub. L. 96–53designated existing provisions as subsec. (a), substituted provisions relating to aims of programs of assistance conducted under this chapter and sections
1431 of this title and the types and quantities of agricultural commodities to be made available, for provisions relating to aims of assistance programs undertaken pursuant to this chapter and sections
1431 of this title, and added subsec. (b).
1966—Pub. L. 89–808substituted provision declaratory of aims of assistance programs as the attainment of humanitarian objectives and the national interest for provisions requiring the Secretary of Agriculture to maximize the sale of commodities and avoid displacement of cash sales, now provided for by sections
1707(b) of this title.
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