7 U.S. Code § 7253 - Consolidation and reform of Federal milk marketing orders

Status message

There is 1 Update Pending. Select the tab below to view.
(a) Amendment of orders
(1) Required consolidation
The Secretary shall amend Federal milk marketing orders issued under section 608c of this title to limit the number of Federal milk marketing orders to not less than 10 and not more than 14 orders.
(2) Inclusion of California as separate order
Upon the petition and approval of California dairy producers in the manner provided in section 608c of this title, the Secretary shall designate the State of California as a separate Federal milk marketing order. The order covering California shall have the right to reblend and distribute order receipts to recognize quota value. Subsection (b) does not apply to the authority of the Secretary under this subsection.
(3) Related issues addressed in consolidation
Among the issues the Secretary is authorized to implement as part of the consolidation of Federal milk marketing orders are the following:
(A) The use of utilization rates and multiple basing points for the pricing of fluid milk.
(B) The use of uniform multiple component pricing when developing 1 or more basic formula prices for manufacturing milk.
(4) Effect of existing law
In implementing the consolidation of Federal milk marketing orders and related reforms under this subsection, the Secretary may not consider, or base any decision on, the table contained in section 608c (5)(A) of this title.
(b) Expedited process
(1) Use of informal rulemaking
To implement the consolidation of Federal milk marketing orders and related reforms under subsection (a) of this section, the Secretary shall use the notice and comment procedures provided in section 553 of title 5.
(2) Time limitations
(A) Proposed amendments
The Secretary shall announce the proposed amendments to be made under subsection (a) of this section not later than 2 years after April 4, 1996.
(B) Final amendments
The Secretary shall implement the amendments not later than 3 years after April 4, 1996.
(3) Effect of court order
The actions authorized by this subsection are intended to ensure the timely publication and implementation of new and amended Federal milk marketing orders. In the event that the Secretary is enjoined or otherwise restrained by a court order from publishing or implementing the consolidation and related reforms under subsection (a) of this section, the length of time for which that injunction or other restraining order is effective shall be added to the time limitations specified in paragraph (2) thereby extending those time limitations by a period of time equal to the period of time for which the injunction or other restraining order is effective.
(c) Failure to timely consolidate orders
If the Secretary fails to implement the consolidation required under subsection (a)(1) of this section within the time period required under subsection (b)(2)(B) of this section (plus any additional period provided under subsection (b)(3) of this section), the Secretary may not assess or collect assessments from milk producers or handlers under such section 608c of this title for marketing order administration and services provided under such section after the end of that period until the consolidation is completed. The Secretary may not reduce the level of services provided under the section on account of the prohibition against assessments, but shall rather cover the cost of marketing order administration and services through funds available for the Agricultural Marketing Service of the Department.
(d) Report regarding further reforms
(1) Report required
Not later than April 1, 1997, the Secretary shall submit to Congress a report—
(A) reviewing the Federal milk marketing order system established pursuant to section 608c of this title in light of the reforms required by subsection (a) of this section;
(B) describing the efforts underway and the progress made in implementing the reforms required by subsection (a) of this section; and
(C) containing such recommendations as the Secretary considers appropriate for further improvements and reforms to the Federal milk marketing order system.
(2) Effect of other laws
Any limitation imposed by Act of Congress on the conduct or completion of reports to Congress shall not apply to the report required under this section, unless the limitation specifically refers to this section.

Source

(Pub. L. 104–127, title I, § 143,Apr. 4, 1996, 110 Stat. 915; Pub. L. 113–79, title I, § 1410(d),Feb. 7, 2014, 128 Stat. 693.)
Amendments

2014—Subsec. (a)(2). Pub. L. 113–79inserted at end “Subsection (b) does not apply to the authority of the Secretary under this subsection.”
Use of Option 1A as Price Structure for Class I Milk Under Consolidated Federal Milk Marketing Orders

Pub. L. 106–113, div. B, § 1000(a)(8) [§ 1], Nov. 29, 1999, 113 Stat. 1536, 1501A–517, provided that:
“(a) Final Rule Defined.—In this section, the term ‘final rule’ means the final rule for the consolidation and reform of Federal milk marketing orders that was published in the Federal Register on September 1, 1999 (64 Fed. Reg. 47897–48021), to comply with section 143 of the Federal Agriculture Improvement and Reform Act of 1996 (7 U.S.C. 7253).
“(b) Implementation of Final Rule for Milk Order Reform.—Subject to subsection (c), the final rule shall take effect, and be implemented by the Secretary of Agriculture, on the first day of the first month beginning at least 30 days after the date of the enactment of this Act [Nov. 29, 1999].
“(c) Use of Option 1A for Pricing Class I Milk.—In lieu of the Class I price differentials specified in the final rule, the Secretary of Agriculture shall price fluid or Class I milk under the Federal milk marketing orders using the Class I price differentials identified as Option 1A ‘Location-Specific Differentials Analysis’ in the proposed rule published in the Federal Register on January 30, 1998 (63 Fed. Reg. 4802, 4809), except that the Secretary shall include the corrections and modifications to such Class I differentials made by the Secretary through April 2, 1999.
“(d) Effect of Prior Announcement of Minimum Prices.—If the Secretary of Agriculture announces minimum prices for milk under Federal milk marketing orders pursuant to section 1000.50 of title 7, Code of Federal Regulations, before the effective date specified in subsection (b), the minimum prices so announced before that date shall be the only applicable minimum prices under Federal milk marketing orders for the month or months for which the prices have been announced.
“(e) Implementation of Requirement.—The implementation of the final rule, as modified by subsection (c), shall not be subject to any of the following:
“(1) The notice and hearing requirements of section 8c(3) of the Agricultural Adjustment Act (7 U.S.C. 608c (3)), reenacted with amendments by the Agricultural Marketing Agreement Act of 1937, or the notice and comment provisions of section 553 of title 5, United States Code.
“(2) A referendum conducted by the Secretary of Agriculture pursuant to subsections (17) or (19) ofsection 8c of the Agricultural Adjustment Act (7 U.S.C. 608c), reenacted with amendments by the Agricultural Marketing Agreement Act of 1937.
“(3) The Statement of Policy of the Secretary of Agriculture effective July 24, 1971 (36 Fed. Reg. 13804), relating to notices of proposed rulemaking and public participation in rulemaking.
“(4) Chapter 35 of title 44, United States Code (commonly known as the Paperwork Reduction Act).
“(5) Any decision, restraining order, or injunction issued by a United States court before the date of the enactment of this Act [Nov. 29, 1999].”
Further Rulemaking To Develop Pricing Methods for Class III and Class IV Milk Under Marketing Orders

Pub. L. 106–113, div. B, § 1000(a)(8) [§ 2], Nov. 29, 1999, 113 Stat. 1536, 1501A–518, provided that:
“(a) Congressional Finding.—The Class III and Class IV milk pricing formulas included in the final decision for the consolidation and reform of Federal milk marketing orders, as published in the Federal Register on April 2, 1999 (64 Fed. Reg. 16025), do not adequately reflect public comment on the original proposed rule published in the Federal Register on January 30, 1998 (63 Fed. Reg. 4802), and are sufficiently different from the proposed rule and any comments submitted with regard to the proposed rule that further emergency rulemaking is merited.
“(b) Rulemaking Required.—The Secretary of Agriculture shall conduct rulemaking, on the record after an opportunity for an agency hearing, to reconsider the Class III and Class IV milk pricing formulas included in the final rule for the consolidation and reform of Federal milk marketing orders that was published in the Federal Register on September 1, 1999 (64 Fed. Reg. 47897–48021).
“(c) Time Period for Rulemaking.—On December 1, 2000, the Secretary of Agriculture shall publish in the Federal Register a final decision on the Class III and Class IV milk pricing formulas. The resulting formulas shall take effect, and be implemented by the Secretary, on January 1, 2001.
“(d) Effect of Court Order.—The actions authorized by subsections (b) and (c) are intended to ensure the timely publication and implementation of new pricing formulas for Class III and Class IV milk. In the event that the Secretary of Agriculture is enjoined or otherwise restrained by a court order from implementing a final decision within the time period specified in subsection (c), the length of time for which that injunction or other restraining order is effective shall be added to the time limitations specified in subsection (c) thereby extending those time limitations by a period of time equal to the period of time for which the injunction or other restraining order is effective.
“(e) Failure To Timely Complete Rulemaking.—If the Secretary of Agriculture fails to implement new Class III and Class IV milk pricing formulas within the time period required under subsection (c) (plus any additional period provided under subsection (d)), the Secretary may not assess or collect assessments from milk producers or handlers under section 8c of the Agricultural Adjustment Act (7 U.S.C. 608c), reenacted with amendments by the Agricultural Marketing Agreement Act of 1937, for marketing order administration and services provided under such section after the end of that period until the pricing formulas are implemented. The Secretary may not reduce the level of services provided under that section on account of the prohibition against assessments, but shall rather cover the cost of marketing order administration and services through funds available for the Agricultural Marketing Service of the Department.
“(f) Implementation of Requirement.—The implementation of the final decision on new Class III and Class IV milk pricing formulas shall not be subject to congressional review under chapter 8 of title 5, United States Code.”

The table below lists the classification updates, since Jan. 3, 2012, for this section. Updates to a broader range of sections may be found at the update page for containing chapter, title, etc.

The most recent Classification Table update that we have noticed was Tuesday, August 13, 2013

An empty table indicates that we see no relevant changes listed in the classification tables. If you suspect that our system may be missing something, please double-check with the Office of the Law Revision Counsel.

7 USCDescription of ChangeSession YearPublic LawStatutes at Large
§ 72532014113-79 [Sec.] 1410(d)128 Stat. 693

This is a list of parts within the Code of Federal Regulations for which this US Code section provides rulemaking authority.

This list is taken from the Parallel Table of Authorities and Rules provided by GPO [Government Printing Office].

It is not guaranteed to be accurate or up-to-date, though we do refresh the database weekly. More limitations on accuracy are described at the GPO site.


7 CFR - Agriculture

7 CFR Part 1000 - GENERAL PROVISIONS OF FEDERAL MILK MARKETING ORDERS

7 CFR Part 1001 - MILK IN THE NORTHEAST MARKETING AREA

7 CFR Part 1005 - MILK IN THE APPALACHIAN MARKETING AREA

7 CFR Part 1006 - MILK IN THE FLORIDA MARKETING AREA

7 CFR Part 1007 - MILK IN THE SOUTHEAST MARKETING AREA

7 CFR Part 1030 - MILK IN THE UPPER MIDWEST MARKETING AREA

7 CFR Part 1032 - MILK IN THE CENTRAL MARKETING AREA

7 CFR Part 1033 - MILK IN THE MIDEAST MARKETING AREA

7 CFR Part 1124 - MILK IN THE PACIFIC NORTHWEST MARKETING AREA

7 CFR Part 1126 - MILK IN THE SOUTHWEST MARKETING AREA

7 CFR Part 1131 - MILK IN THE ARIZONA MARKETING AREA

7 CFR Part 1135 - MILK IN THE WESTERN MARKETING AREA

 

LII has no control over and does not endorse any external Internet site that contains links to or references LII.