Exhibit A—Formula for determination of customer and PAB account reserve requirements of brokers and dealers under § 240.15c3-3.
Link to an amendment published at 79 FR 1550, Jan. 8, 2014.
|1. Free credit balances and other credit balances in customers' security accounts. (See Note A)
|2. Monies borrowed collateralized by securities carried for the accounts of customers (See Note B)
|3. Monies payable against customers' securities loaned (See Note C)
|4. Customers' securities failed to receive (See Note D)
|5. Credit balances in firm accounts which are attributable to principal sales to customers.
|6. Market value of stock dividends, stock splits and similar distributions receivable outstanding over 30 calendar days
|7. Market value of short security count differences over 30 calendar days old
|8. Market value of short securities and credits (not to be offset by longs or by debits) in all suspense accounts over 30 calendar days
|9. Market value of securities which are in transfer in excess of 40 calendar days and have not been confirmed to be in transfer by the transfer agent or the issuer during the 40 days
|10. Debit balances in customers' cash and margin accounts excluding unsecured accounts and accounts doubtful of collection. (See Note E)
|11. Securities borrowed to effectuate short sales by customers and securities borrowed to make delivery on customers' securities failed to deliver
|12. Failed to deliver of customers' securities not older than 30 calendar days
|13. Margin required and on deposit with the Options Clearing Corporation for all option contracts written or purchased in customer accounts. (See Note F)
|14. Margin required and on deposit with a clearing agency registered with the Commission under section 17A of the Act (15 U.S.C. 78q-1) or a derivatives clearing organization registered with the Commodity Futures Trading Commission under section 5b of the Commodity Exchange Act (7 U.S.C. 7a-1) related to the following types of positions written, purchased or sold in customer accounts: (1) security futures products and (2) futures contracts (and options thereon) carried in a securities account pursuant to an SRO portfolio margining rule (See Note G)
|15. Excess of total credits (sum of items 1-9) over total debits (sum of items 10-14) required to be on deposit in the “Reserve Bank Account” (§ 240.15c3-3(e)). If the computation is made monthly as permitted by this section, the deposit must be not less than 105% of the excess of total credits over total debits.
Notes Regarding the Customer
Reserve Bank Account Computation
1 must include all outstanding drafts payable to customers which have been applied against free credit balances or other credit balances and must also include checks drawn in excess of bank balances per the records of the broker
2 must include the amount
of options-related or security futures
product-related Letters of Credit obtained by a member
of a registered clearing agency or a derivatives clearing organization which are collateralized by customers' securities
, to the extent of the member
's margin requirement at the registered clearing agency or derivatives clearing organization. Item
2 must also include the amount
of Letters of Credit which are collateralized by customers' securities
and related to other futures
contracts (and options thereon) carried in a securities
account pursuant to an SRO portfolio margining rule.
3 must include in addition to monies payable against customers' securities
loaned the amount
by which the market value of securities
loaned exceeds the collateral value received from the lending of such securities
4 must include in addition to customers' securities
failed to receive the amount
by which the market value of securities
failed to receive and outstanding more than thirty (30) calendar days exceeds their contract value.
(1) Debit balances in margin accounts must be reduced by the amount
by which a specific security (other than an exempted security) which is collateral for margin accounts exceeds in aggregate value 15 percent of the aggregate value of all securities
which collateralize all margin accounts receivable; provided, however
, the required reduction must not be in excess of the amounts of the debit balance required to be excluded because of this concentration rule. A specified security is deemed to be collateral for a margin account only to the extent it represents in value not more than 140 percent of the customer
debit balance in a margin account.
Debit balances in special omnibus accounts, maintained in compliance with the requirements of Section 7(f) of Regulation T (12 CFR 220.7(f)) or similar accounts carried on behalf of another broker or dealer, must be reduced by any deficits in such accounts (or if a credit, such credit must be increased) less any calls for margin, mark to the market, or other required deposits which are outstanding 5 business days or less.
Debit balances in customers' cash and margin accounts included in the formula under Item 10 must be reduced by an amount equal to 1 percent of their aggregate value.
Debit balances in cash and margin accounts of household members and other persons related to principals of a broker or dealer and debit balances in cash and margin accounts of affiliated persons of a broker or dealer must be excluded from the Reserve Formula, unless the broker or dealer can demonstrate that such debit balances are directly related to credit items in the formula.
Debit balances in margin accounts (other than omnibus accounts) must be reduced by the amount by which any single customer's debit balance exceeds 25% (to the extent such amount is greater than $50,000) of the broker-dealer's tentative net capital (i.e., net capital prior to securities haircuts) unless the broker or dealer can demonstrate that the debit balance is directly related to credit items in the Reserve Formula. Related accounts (e.g., the separate accounts of an individual, accounts under common control or subject to cross guarantees) will be deemed to be a single customer's accounts for purposes of this provision.
If the registered national securities
or the registered national securities
association having responsibility for examining the broker
or dealer (“designated examining authority”) is satisfied, after taking into account the circumstances of the concentrated account including the quality, diversity, and marketability of the collateral securing the debit balances or margin accounts subject to this provision, that the concentration of debit balances is appropriate, then such designated examining authority may grant a partial or plenary exception
from this provision. The debit balance may be included in the reserve formula computation for five business days from the day the request is made.
Debit balances in joint accounts, custodian accounts, participation in hedge funds or limited partnerships or similar type accounts or arrangements that include both assets of a person or persons who would be excluded from the definition of customer (“noncustomer”) and assets of a person or persons who would be included in the definition of customer must be included in the Reserve Formula in the following manner: If the percentage ownership of the non-customer is less than 5 percent then the entire debit balance shall be included in the formula; if such percentage ownership is between 5 percent and 50 percent then the portion of the debit balance attributable to the non-customer must be excluded from the formula unless the broker or dealer can demonstrate that the debit balance is directly related to credit items in the formula; or if such percentage ownership is greater than 50 percent, then the entire debit balance must be excluded from the formula unless the broker or dealer can demonstrate that the debit balance is directly related to credit items in the formula.
13 must include the amount
of margin required and on deposit with the Options Clearing Corporation to the extent such margin is represented by cash, proprietary qualified securities
and letters of credit collateralized by customers' securities
14 must include the amount
of margin required and on deposit with a clearing agency registered with the Commission under section 17A of
the Act (15 U.S.C. 78q-1
) or a derivatives clearing organization registered with the Commodity Futures Trading Commission
under section 5b of
the Commodity Exchange Act
(7 U.S.C. 7a-1
) for customer
accounts to the extent that the margin is represented by cash, proprietary qualified securities
, and letters of credit collateralized by customers' securities
Item 14 will apply only if the broker or dealer has the margin related to security futures products, or futures (and options thereon) carried in a securities account pursuant to an approved SRO portfolio margining program on deposit with:
A registered clearing agency or derivatives clearing organization that:
Maintains the highest investment-grade rating from a nationally recognized statistical rating organization; or
Maintains security deposits from clearing members in connection with regulated options or futures transactions and assessment power over member firms that equal a combined total of at least $2 billion, at least $500 million of which must be in the form of security deposits. For the purposes of this Note G, the term “security deposits” refers to a general fund, other than margin deposits or their equivalent, that consists of cash or securities held by a registered clearing agency or derivative clearing organization; or
Maintains at least $3 billion in margin deposits; or
Does not meet the requirements of paragraphs (b)(1)(i) through (b)(1)(iii) of this Note G, if the Commission has determined, upon a written request for exemption by or for the benefit of the broker or dealer, that the broker or dealer may utilize such a registered clearing agency or derivatives clearing organization. The Commission may, in its sole discretion, grant such an exemption subject to such conditions as are appropriate under the circumstances, if the Commission determines that such conditional or unconditional exemption is necessary or appropriate in the public interest, and is consistent with the protection of investors; and
A registered clearing agency or derivatives clearing organization that, if it holds funds or securities deposited as margin for security futures products or futures in a portfolio margin account in a bank, as defined in section 3(a)(6) of the Act (15 U.S.C. 78c(a)(6)), obtains and preserves written notification from the bank at which it holds such funds and securities or at which such funds and securities are held on its behalf. The written notification will state that all funds and/or securities deposited with the bank as margin (including customer security futures products and futures in a portfolio margin account), or held by the bank and pledged to such registered clearing agency or derivatives clearing agency as margin, are being held by the bank for the exclusive benefit of clearing members of the registered clearing agency or derivatives clearing organization (subject to the interest of such registered clearing agency or derivatives clearing organization therein), and are being kept separate from any other accounts maintained by the registered clearing agency or derivatives clearing organization with the bank. The written notification also will provide that such funds and/or securities will at no time be used directly or indirectly as security for a loan to the registered clearing agency or derivatives clearing organization by the bank, and will be subject to no right, charge, security interest, lien, or claim of any kind in favor of the bank or any person claiming through the bank. This provision, however, will not prohibit a registered clearing agency or derivatives clearing organization from pledging customer funds or securities as collateral to a bank for any purpose that the rules of the Commission or the registered clearing agency or derivatives clearing organization otherwise permit; and
A registered clearing agency or derivatives clearing organization establishes, documents, and maintains:
Safeguards in the handling, transfer, and delivery of cash and securities;
Fidelity bond coverage for its employees and agents who handle customer funds or securities. In the case of agents of a registered clearing agency or derivatives clearing organization, the agent may provide the fidelity bond coverage; and
Provisions for periodic examination by independent public accountants; and
A derivatives clearing organization that, if it is not otherwise registered with the Commission, has provided the Commission with a written undertaking, in a form acceptable to the Commission, executed by a duly authorized person at the derivatives clearing organization, to the effect that, with respect to the clearance and settlement of the customer security futures products and futures in a portfolio margin account of the broker or dealer, the derivatives clearing organization will permit the Commission to examine the books and records of the derivatives clearing organization for compliance with the requirements set forth in § 240.15c3-3a, Note G (b)(1) through (3).
Item 14 will apply only if a broker or dealer determines, at least annually, that the registered clearing agency or derivatives clearing organization with which the broker or dealer has on deposit margin related to securities future products or futures in a portfolio margin account meets the conditions of this Note G.
Notes Regarding the PAB Reserve Bank Account Computation
-dealers should use the formula in Exhibit A for the purposes of computing the PAB reserve requirement, except that references to “accounts,” “customer accounts, or “customers” will be treated as references to PAB accounts.
Any credit (including a credit applied to reduce a debit) that is included in the computation required by § 240.15c3-3
with respect to customer
accounts (the “customer reserve computation”) may not be included as a credit in the computation required by § 240.15c3-3
with respect to PAB accounts (the “PAB reserve computation”).
Note E(1) to § 240.15c3-3a
does not apply to the PAB reserve computation.
Note E(3) to § 240.15c3-3a
which reduces debit balances by 1% does not apply to the PAB reserve computation.
Interest receivable, floor brokerage, and commissions receivable of another broker
or dealer from the broker
or dealer (excluding clearing deposits) that are otherwise allowable assets under § 240.15c3-1
need not be included in the PAB reserve computation, provided the amounts have been clearly identified as payables on the books of the broker
or dealer. Commissions receivable and other receivables of another broker
or dealer from the broker
or dealer that are otherwise non-allowable assets under § 240.15c3-1
and clearing deposits of another broker
or dealer may be included as “credit balances” for purposes of the PAB reserve computation, provided the commissions receivable and other receivables are subject to immediate cash payment to the other broker
or dealer and the clearing deposit is subject to payment within 30 days.
Credits included in the PAB reserve computation that result from the use of securities
held for a PAB account (“PAB securities”) that are pledged to meet intra-day margin calls in a cross-margin account established between the Options Clearing Corporation and any regulated derivatives clearing organization may be reduced to the extent that the excess margin held by the other clearing corporation in the cross-margin relationship is used the following business day to replace the PAB securities
that were previously pledged. In addition, balances resulting from a portfolio margin account that are segregated pursuant to Commodity Futures Trading Commission
regulations need not be included in the PAB Reserve Bank Account computation.
Note 7. Deposits received prior to a transaction pending settlement which are $5 million or greater for any single transaction or $10 million in aggregate may be excluded as credits from the PAB reserve computation if such balances are placed and maintained in a separate PAB Reserve Bank Account by 12 p.m. Eastern Time on the following business day. Thereafter, the money representing any such deposits may be withdrawn to complete the related transactions without performing a new PAB reserve computation.
A credit balance resulting from a PAB reserve computation may be reduced by the amount
that items representing such credits are swept into money market funds or mutual funds of an investment company registered under the Investment Company Act of 1940
on or prior to 10 a.m. Eastern Time on the deposit date provided that the credits swept into any such fund are not subject to any right, charge, security interest, lien, or claim of any kind in favor of the investment company or the broker
or dealer. Any credits that have been swept into money market funds or mutual funds must be maintained in the name of a particular broker
or for the benefit of another broker
Note 9. Clearing deposits required to be maintained at registered clearing agencies may be included as debits in the PAB reserve computation to the extent the percentage of the deposit, which is based upon the clearing agency's aggregate deposit requirements (e.g., dollar trading volume), that relates to the proprietary business of other brokers and dealers can be identified.
or dealer that clears PAB accounts through an affiliate
or third party
must include these PAB account balances and the omnibus PAB account balance in its PAB reserve computation.
Effective Date Note:
At 79 FR 1550
, Jan. 8, 2014, § 240.15c3-3a
was amended by removing paragraph (b)(1)(i) of Note G
and redesignating paragraphs (b)(1)(ii), (iii), and (iv) of Note G
as paragraphs (b)(1)(i), (ii), and (iii), effective July 7, 2014.