(a) The following individuals are excluded from life insurance coverage by law:
(1) An employee of a corporation supervised by the Farm Credit Administration, if private interests elect or appoint a member of the board of directors.
(2) An individual who is not a citizen or national of the United States and whose permanent duty station is outside the United States. Exception: an individual who met the definition of employee on September 30, 1979, by service in an Executive agency, the United States Postal Service, or the Smithsonian Institution in the area which was then known as the Canal Zone.
(3) An individual first employed by the government of the District of Columbia on or after October 1, 1987. Exceptions:
(i) An employee of St. Elizabeths Hospital, who accepts employment with the District of Columbia government following Federal employment without a break in service, as provided in section 6 ofPublic Law 98-621 (98 Stat. 3379);
(ii) An employee of the District of Columbia Financial Responsibility and Management Assistance Authority (Authority), who makes an election under the Technical Corrections to Financial Responsibility and Management Assistance Act (section 153 ofPub. L. 104-134 (110 Stat. 1321)) to be considered a Federal employee for life insurance and other benefits purposes; employees of the Authority who are former Federal employees are subject to the provisions of §§ 870.503(d) and 870.705 of this part;
(iii) The Corrections Trustee or an employee of that Trustee who accepts employment with the District of Columbia government within 3 days after separating from the Federal Government.
(iv) The Pretrial Services, Parole, Adult Probation and Offender Supervision Trustee or an employee of that Trustee;
(v) Effective October 1, 1997, a judicial or nonjudicial employee of the District of Columbia Courts, as provided by Public Law 105-33 (111 Stat. 251); and
(vi) Effective April 1, 1999, an employee of the Public Defender Service of the District of Columbia, as provided by Public Law 105-274 (112 Stat. 2419).
(4) A teacher in a Department of Defense dependents school overseas, if employed by the Federal Government in a nonteaching position during the recess period between school years.
(b) The following employees are also excluded from life insurance coverage:
(1) An employee serving under an appointment limited to 1 year or less. Exceptions:
(i) An employee whose full-time or part-time temporary appointment has a regular tour of duty and follows employment in a position in which the employee was insured, with no break in service or with a break in service of no more than 3 days;
(ii) An acting postmaster;
(iii) A Presidential appointee appointed to fill an unexpired term; and
(iv) Certain employees who receive provisional appointments as defined in § 316.403 of this chapter.
(2) An employee who is employed for an uncertain or purely temporary period, who is employed for brief periods at intervals, or who is expected to work less than 6 months in each year. Exception: an employee who is employed under an OPM-approved career-related work-study program under Schedule B lasting at least 1 year and who is expected to be in pay status for at least one-third of the total period of time from the date of the first appointment to the completion of the work-study program.
(3) An intermittent employee (a non-full-time employee without a regularly-scheduled tour of duty). Exception: an employee whose intermittent appointment follows, with no break in service or with a break in service of no more than 3 days, employment in a position in which he or she was insured and to which he or she is expected to return.
(4) An employee whose pay, on an annual basis, is $12 a year or less.
(5) A beneficiary or patient employee in a Government hospital or home.
(6) An employee paid on a contract or fee basis. Exception: an employee who is a United States citizen, who is appointed by a contract between the employee and the Federal employing authority which requires his or her personal service, and who is paid on the basis of units of time.
(7) An employee paid on a piecework basis. Exception: an employee whose work schedule provides for full-time or part-time service with a regularly-scheduled tour of duty.
(8) A Senate restaurant employee, except a former Senate restaurant employee who had life insurance coverage on the date of transfer to a private contractor on or after July 17, 2008, and who elected to continue such coverage and to continue coverage under either chapter 83 or 84 of title 5, United States Code.
(c) OPM makes the final determination regarding the applicability of the provisions of this section to a specific employee or group of employees.