2003—Subsec. (d). Pub. L. 108–136
struck out heading and text of subsec. (d). Text read as follows: “The Secretary concerned and the Secretary of State shall notify the Committee on Armed Services and the Committee on Foreign Relations of the Senate and the Committee on Armed Services and the Committee on International Relations of the House of Representatives of each approval under subsection (b) and each determination under subsection (c).”
1999—Subsec. (d). Pub. L. 106–65
substituted “and the Committee on Armed Services” for “and the Committee on National Security”.
1996—Subsec. (d). Pub. L. 104–106
substituted “Committee on National Security and the Committee on International Relations” for “Committee on Armed Services and the Committee on Foreign Affairs”.
1994—Pub. L. 103–337
of this title as this section.
Section 1433(d) ofPub. L. 103–160
provided that this section was to take effect as of Jan. 1, 1993, prior to repeal by Pub. L. 103–236
, title I, § 182(b),Apr. 30, 1994, 108 Stat. 418
Pub. L. 103–236
, title I, § 182(a),Apr. 30, 1994, 108 Stat. 418
, as amended by Pub. L. 103–337
, div. A, title X, § 1070(d)(7),Oct. 5, 1994, 108 Stat. 2858
; Pub. L. 103–415
, § 1(j),Oct. 25, 1994, 108 Stat. 4301
, provided that: “With respect to any person for which the Secretary of State and the Secretary concerned within the Department of Defense have approved the employment or the holding of a position pursuant to the provisions of section
, United States Code, before April 30, 1994, the consents, approvals and determinations under that section shall be deemed to be effective as of January 1, 1993.”
Section 1433(a) ofPub. L. 103–160
provided that: “The Congress makes the following findings:
“(1) It is in the national security interest of the United States to promote democracy throughout the world.
“(2) The armed forces of newly democratic nations often lack the democratic traditions that are a hallmark of the Armed Forces of the United States.
“(3) The understanding of military roles and missions in a democracy is essential for the development and preservation of democratic forms of government.
“(4) The service of retired members of the Armed Forces of the United States in the armed forces of newly democratic nations could lead to a better understanding of military roles and missions in a democracy.”