(a)When he has completed 30 years of service, or when he is found not physically qualified in an examination under section
6485 of this title, a member of the Fleet Reserve or the Fleet Marine Corps Reserve shall be transferred—
(1)to the retired list of the Regular Navy or the Regular Marine Corps, as appropriate, if he was a member of the Regular Navy or the Regular Marine Corps at the time of his transfer to the Fleet Reserve or the Fleet Marine Corps Reserve; or
(2)to the appropriate Retired Reserve, if he was a member of the Navy Reserve or the Marine Corps Reserve at the time of his transfer to the Fleet Reserve or the Fleet Marine Corps Reserve.
(b)For the purpose of subsection (a), a member’s years of service are computed by adding—
(1)the years of service credited to him upon his transfer to the Fleet Reserve or the Fleet Marine Corps Reserve;
(2)his years of active and inactive service in the armed forces before his transfer to the Fleet Reserve or the Fleet Marine Corps Reserve not credited to him upon that transfer; and
(3)his years of service, active and inactive, in the Fleet Reserve or the Fleet Marine Corps Reserve.
(c)Unless otherwise entitled to higher pay, each member transferred to the retired list or the Retired Reserve under this section is entitled to retired pay at the same rate as the retainer pay to which he was entitled at the time of his transfer to the retired list or the Retired Reserve.
In subsection (a) the words “transferred * * * in accordance with the provisions of this section and of sections
854b of this title”, in the fourth proviso of 34 U.S.C. 854c, and the words “transferred after sixteen years’ or more service in the Regular Navy”, and “men coming under the cognizance of sections
854b of this title”, in the second proviso of 34 U.S.C. 854e, are omitted as surplusage since the classes designated by these phrases comprise all members of the Fleet Reserve and Fleet Marine Corps Reserve.
Subsection (b) is worded so as to cover all members of the Fleet Reserve and the Fleet Marine Corps Reserve regardless of the law under which they attained that status. A member transferring under 34 U.S.C. 854b may count only active naval service in computing the service required for that transfer, but in determining his eligibility for retirement he may add to his active naval service all previous active or inactive service in the Army, Navy, Marine Corps, Air Force, or Coast Guard, and his time in the Fleet Reserve. A member transferring to the Fleet Reserve under 34 U.S.C. 854c may count active service in any armed force toward that transfer, and he determines his eligibility for retirement by adding to the service credited to him at the time of transfer any previous inactive service in the armed forces and his time in the Fleet Reserve. As to the latter member the words “active service” in clause (2) are superfluous, since such service would have been credited to him upon his transfer to the Fleet Reserve, but they are needed in the case of a member transferred under 34 U.S.C. 854b.
In subsection (c) references to the “allowances to which enlisted men of the Navy are entitled on retirement after thirty years’ service”, in the second and fourth provisos of 34 U.S.C. 854e, are omitted because of the repeal, by § 19 of the Pay Readjustment Act of 1942, 56 Stat. 369, of the laws authorizing such allowances.
2006—Subsec. (a)(2). Pub. L. 109–163substituted “Navy Reserve” for “Naval Reserve”.
1958—Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 85–583, § 1(4), provided for the transfer to the appropriate Retired Reserve of those members of the Fleet Reserve or the Fleet Marine Corps Reserve who had transferred thereto from the Naval Reserve or the Marine Corps Reserve.
Subsec. (c). Pub. L. 85–583, § 1(6), inserted “or the Retired Reserve” after “retired list” wherever appearing.
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The most recent Classification Table update that we have noticed was Tuesday, August 13, 2013
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