(June 25, 1948, ch. 645, 62 Stat. 811; May 24, 1949, ch. 139, § 46,63 Stat. 96; Pub. L. 103–322, title XXXIII, § 330016(1)(L),Sept. 13, 1994, 108 Stat. 2147; Pub. L. 109–163, div. A, title V, § 515(f)(2),Jan. 6, 2006, 119 Stat. 3236.)
Historical and Revision Notes
Based on title 18, U.S.C., 1940 ed., §§ 9,
(June 28, 1940, ch. 439, title I, §§ 1,
,54 Stat. 670
Section consolidates sections
, U.S.C., 1940 ed., with only such changes of phraseology as were necessary to effect consolidation.
The revised section extends the provisions so as to include the Coast Guard Reserve in its coverage.
Words “upon conviction thereof” were omitted as unnecessary, as punishment cannot be imposed until conviction is secured.
Reference to conspiracy to commit any of the prohibited acts was omitted as covered by the general law incorporated in section
of this title. (See reviser’s note under that section.)
Minor changes were made in arrangement and phraseology.
This section [section
] inserts the words, “Air Force,” in subsection (b) ofsection
of title 18, U.S.C., in view of the establishment in 1947 of this separate branch of the armed services.
2006—Subsec. (b). Pub. L. 109–163
substituted “Navy Reserve” for “Naval Reserve”.
1994—Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 103–322
substituted “fined under this title” for “fined not more than $10,000” in last par.
1949—Subsec. (b). Act May 24, 1949, made section applicable to the Air Force.
Transfer of Functions
For transfer of authorities, functions, personnel, and assets of the Coast Guard, including the authorities and functions of the Secretary of Transportation relating thereto, to the Department of Homeland Security, and for treatment of related references, see sections
, Domestic Security, and the Department of Homeland Security Reorganization Plan of November 25, 2002, as modified, set out as a note under section
Coast Guard transferred to Department of Transportation and functions, powers, and duties, relating to Coast Guard, of Secretary of the Treasury and of other offices and officers of Department of the Treasury transferred to Secretary of Transportation by Pub. L. 89–670
, Oct. 15, 1966, 80 Stat. 931
, which created Department of Transportation. See section
Functions of all officers of Department of the Treasury and functions of all agencies and employees of such Department transferred, with certain exceptions, to Secretary of the Treasury, with power vested in him to authorize their performance or performance of any of his functions, by any of such officers, agencies, and employees, by Reorg. Plan No. 26, of 1950, §§ 1,
, eff. July 31, 1950, 15
, 64 Stat. 1280
, set out in the Appendix to Title 5, Government Organization and Employees. Such plan excepted from transfer functions of Coast Guard and Commandant thereof when Coast Guard is operating as a part of the Navy under section
, Coast Guard.