25 U.S. Code § 1613a - Indian health professions scholarships

(a) General authority
In order to provide health professionals to Indians, Indian tribes, tribal organizations, and urban Indian organizations, the Secretary, acting through the Service and in accordance with this section, shall make scholarship grants to Indians who are enrolled full or part time in appropriately accredited schools and pursuing courses of study in the health professions. Such scholarships shall be designated Indian Health Scholarships and shall be made in accordance with section 254l of title 42, except as provided in subsection (b) of this section.
(b) Recipients; active duty service obligation
(1) The Secretary, acting through the Service, shall determine who shall receive scholarships under subsection (a) of this section and shall determine the distribution of such scholarships among such health professions on the basis of the relative needs of Indians for additional service in such health professions.
(2) An individual shall be eligible for a scholarship under subsection (a) of this section in any year in which such individual is enrolled full or part time in a course of study referred to in subsection (a) of this section.
(3)
(A) The active duty service obligation under a written contract with the Secretary under section 254l of title 42 that an individual has entered into under that section shall, if that individual is a recipient of an Indian Health Scholarship, be met in full-time practice, by service—
(i) in the Indian Health Service;
(ii) in a program conducted under a contract entered into under the Indian Self-Determination Act [25 U.S.C. 450f et seq.];
(iii) in a program assisted under subchapter IV of this chapter;  [1]
(iv) in the private practice of the applicable profession if, as determined by the Secretary, in accordance with guidelines promulgated by the Secretary, such practice is situated in a physician or other health professional shortage area and addresses the health care needs of a substantial number of Indians; or  [2]
(B) At the request of any individual who has entered into a contract referred to in subparagraph (A) and who receives a degree in medicine (including osteopathic or allopathic medicine), dentistry, optometry, podiatry, or pharmacy, the Secretary shall defer the active duty service obligation of that individual under that contract, in order that such individual may complete any internship, residency, or other advanced clinical training that is required for the practice of that health profession, for an appropriate period (in years, as determined by the Secretary), subject to the following conditions:
(i) No period of internship, residency, or other advanced clinical training shall be counted as satisfying any period of obligated service that is required under this section.
(ii) The active duty service obligation of that individual shall commence not later than 90 days after the completion of that advanced clinical training (or by a date specified by the Secretary).
(iii) The active duty service obligation will be served in the health profession of that individual, in a manner consistent with clauses (i) through (v) of subparagraph (A).
(C) A recipient of an Indian Health Scholarship may, at the election of the recipient, meet the active duty service obligation described in subparagraph (A) by service in a program specified in that subparagraph that—
(i) is located on the reservation of the tribe in which the recipient is enrolled; or
(ii) serves the tribe in which the recipient is enrolled.
(D) Subject to subparagraph (C), the Secretary, in making assignments of Indian Health Scholarship recipients required to meet the active duty service obligation described in subparagraph (A), shall give priority to assigning individuals to service in those programs specified in subparagraph (A) that have a need for health professionals to provide health care services as a result of individuals having breached contracts entered into under this section.
(4) In the case of an individual receiving a scholarship under this section who is enrolled part time in an approved course of study—
(A) such scholarship shall be for a period of years not to exceed the part-time equivalent of 4 years, as determined by the Secretary;
(B) the period of obligated service described in paragraph (3)(A) shall be equal to the greater of—
(i) the part-time equivalent of one year for each year for which the individual was provided a scholarship (as determined by the Secretary); or
(ii) two years; and
(C) the amount of the monthly stipend specified in section 254l (g)(1)(B) of title 42 shall be reduced pro rata (as determined by the Secretary) based on the number of hours such student is enrolled.
(5)
(A) An individual who has, on or after October 29, 1992, entered into a written contract with the Secretary under this section and who—
(i) fails to maintain an acceptable level of academic standing in the educational institution in which he is enrolled (such level determined by the educational institution under regulations of the Secretary),
(ii) is dismissed from such educational institution for disciplinary reasons,
(iii) voluntarily terminates the training in such an educational institution for which he is provided a scholarship under such contract before the completion of such training, or
(iv) fails to accept payment, or instructs the educational institution in which he is enrolled not to accept payment, in whole or in part, of a scholarship under such contract,
in lieu of any service obligation arising under such contract, shall be liable to the United States for the amount which has been paid to him, or on his behalf, under the contract.
(B) If for any reason not specified in subparagraph (A) an individual breaches his written contract by failing either to begin such individual’s service obligation under this section or to complete such service obligation, the United States shall be entitled to recover from the individual an amount determined in accordance with the formula specified in subsection (l) ofsection 1616a of this title in the manner provided for in such subsection.
(C) Upon the death of an individual who receives an Indian Health Scholarship, any obligation of that individual for service or payment that relates to that scholarship shall be canceled.
(D) The Secretary shall provide for the partial or total waiver or suspension of any obligation of service or payment of a recipient of an Indian Health Scholarship if the Secretary determines that—
(i) it is not possible for the recipient to meet that obligation or make that payment;
(ii) requiring that recipient to meet that obligation or make that payment would result in extreme hardship to the recipient; or
(iii) the enforcement of the requirement to meet the obligation or make the payment would be unconscionable.
(E) Notwithstanding any other provision of law, in any case of extreme hardship or for other good cause shown, the Secretary may waive, in whole or in part, the right of the United States to recover funds made available under this section.
(F) Notwithstanding any other provision of law, with respect to a recipient of an Indian Health Scholarship, no obligation for payment may be released by a discharge in bankruptcy under title 11, unless that discharge is granted after the expiration of the 5-year period beginning on the initial date on which that payment is due, and only if the bankruptcy court finds that the nondischarge of the obligation would be unconscionable.
(c) Placement Office
The Secretary shall, acting through the Service, establish a Placement Office to develop and implement a national policy for the placement, to available vacancies within the Service, of Indian Health Scholarship recipients required to meet the active duty service obligation prescribed under section 254m of title 42 without regard to any competitive personnel system, agency personnel limitation, or Indian preference policy.


[1]  So in original. Probably should be followed by “or”.

[2]  So in original. The “; or” probably should be a period.

Source

(Pub. L. 94–437, title I, § 104, as added Pub. L. 100–713, title I, § 104(a),Nov. 23, 1988, 102 Stat. 4786; amended Pub. L. 102–573, title I, §§ 102(c), 103,Oct. 29, 1992, 106 Stat. 4531, 4532; Pub. L. 104–313, § 2(b),Oct. 19, 1996, 110 Stat. 3820.)
References in Text

The Indian Self-Determination Act, referred to in subsec. (b)(3)(A)(ii), is title I of Pub. L. 93–638, Jan. 4, 1975, 88 Stat. 2206, as amended, which is classified principally to part A (§ 450f et seq.) of subchapter II of chapter 14 of this title. For complete classification of this Act to the Code, see Short Title note set out under section 450 of this title and Tables.
Prior Provisions

A prior section 104 ofPub. L. 94–437, title I, Sept. 30, 1976, 90 Stat. 1403, amended former section 234 of Title 42, The Public Health and Welfare.
Amendments

1996—Subsec. (b)(3)(A). Pub. L. 104–313, § 2(b)(1)(A), substituted “The active duty service obligation under a written contract with the Secretary under section 254l of title 42 that an individual has entered into under that section shall, if that individual is a recipient of an Indian Health Scholarship, be met in full-time practice, by service—” for “The active duty service obligation prescribed under section 254m of title 42 shall be met by a  recipient  of  an  Indian  Health  Scholarship  by service—” in introductory provisions, struck out “or” at end of cl. (iii), and substituted “; or” for period at end of cl. (iv).
Subsec. (b)(3)(B). Pub. L. 104–313, § 2(b)(1)(C), added subpar. (B). Former subpar. (B) redesignated (C).
Subsec. (b)(3)(C). Pub. L. 104–313, § 2(b)(1)(D), substituted “described in subparagraph (A) by service in a program specified in that subparagraph” for “prescribed under section 254m of title 42 by service in a program specified in subparagraph (A)”.
Pub. L. 104–313, § 2(b)(1)(B), redesignated subpar. (B) as (C). Former subpar. (C) redesignated (D).
Subsec. (b)(3)(D). Pub. L. 104–313, § 2(b)(1)(E), substituted “Subject to subparagraph (C),” for “Subject to subparagraph (B),” and “described in subparagraph (A)” for “prescribed under section 254m of title 42”.
Pub. L. 104–313, § 2(b)(1)(B), redesignated subpar. (C) as (D).
Subsec. (b)(4)(B). Pub. L. 104–313, § 2(b)(2)(A), substituted “the period of obligated service described in paragraph (3)(A) shall be equal to the greater of—” for “the period of obligated service specified in section 254l (f)(1)(B)(iv) of title 42 shall be equal to the greater of—” in introductory provisions.
Subsec. (b)(4)(C). Pub. L. 104–313, § 2(b)(2)(B), made technical amendment to reference in original act which appears in text as reference to section 254l (g)(1)(B) of title 42.
Subsec. (b)(5)(C) to (F). Pub. L. 104–313, § 2(b)(3), added subpars. (C) to (F).
1992—Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 102–573, § 102(c)(1)(C), substituted “accredited schools and pursuing courses of study in the health professions” for “accredited schools of medicine, osteopathy, podiatry, psychology, dentistry, environmental health and engineering, nursing, optometry, public health, allied health professions, and social work”.
Pub. L. 102–573, § 102(c)(1)(A), (B), substituted “Indians, Indian tribes, tribal organizations, and urban Indian organizations” for “Indian communities” and “full or part time” for “full time”.
Subsec. (b)(2). Pub. L. 102–573, § 102(c)(2)(A), substituted “full or part time” for “full time” and “course of study” for “health profession school”.
Subsec. (b)(3). Pub. L. 102–573, § 102(c)(2)(B), designated existing provisions as subpar. (A), redesignated former subpars. (A) to (D) as cls. (i) to (iv), respectively, and added subpars. (B) and (C).
Subsec. (b)(4). Pub. L. 102–573, § 102(c)(2)(C), added par. (4).
Subsec. (b)(5). Pub. L. 102–573, § 103, added par. (5).
Subsec. (c). Pub. L. 102–573, § 102(c)(3), amended subsec. (c) generally. Prior to amendment, subsec. (c) read as follows: “For purposes of this section, the term ‘Indian’ has the same meaning given that term by subsection (c) ofsection 1603 of this title, including all individuals described in clauses (1) through (4) of that subsection.”
Subsec. (d). Pub. L. 102–573, § 102(c)(4), struck out subsec. (d) which authorized appropriations for fiscal years 1989 to 1992.
Effective Date of 1992 Amendment

Pub. L. 102–573, title I, § 102(d),Oct. 29, 1992, 106 Stat. 4532, provided that: “The amendments made by subsection (c)(1)(C) andsubsection (c)(2)(B) [amending this section] shall apply with respect to scholarships granted under section 104 of the Indian Health Care Improvement Act [this section] after the date of the enactment of this Act [Oct. 29, 1992].”

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The most recent Classification Table update that we have noticed was Tuesday, August 13, 2013

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25 USCDescription of ChangeSession YearPublic LawStatutes at Large

 

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