28 U.S. Code § 255 - Three-judge trials

(a) Upon application of any party to a civil action, or upon his own initiative, the chief judge of the Court of International Trade shall designate any three judges of the court to hear and determine any civil action which the chief judge finds:
(1) raises an issue of the constitutionality of an Act of Congress, a proclamation of the President or an Executive order; or
(2) has broad or significant implications in the administration or interpretation of the customs laws.
(b) A majority of the three judges designated may hear and determine the civil action and all questions pending therein.


(Added Pub. L. 91–271, title I, § 108,June 2, 1970, 84 Stat. 277; amended Pub. L. 96–417, title V, § 501(5),Oct. 10, 1980, 94 Stat. 1742.)
Prior Provisions

A prior section 255 was renumbered section 257 of this title.

1980—Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 96–417redesignated the Customs Court as the Court of International Trade.
Effective Date of 1980 Amendment

Amendment by Pub. L. 96–417effective Nov. 1, 1980, and applicable with respect to civil actions pending on or commenced on or after such date, see section 701(a) ofPub. L. 96–417, set out as a note under section 251 of this title.
Effective Date

Section effective Oct. 1, 1970, see section 122 ofPub. L. 91–271, set out as a note under section 256 of this title.

The table below lists the classification updates, since Jan. 3, 2012, for this section. Updates to a broader range of sections may be found at the update page for containing chapter, title, etc.

The most recent Classification Table update that we have noticed was Tuesday, August 13, 2013

An empty table indicates that we see no relevant changes listed in the classification tables. If you suspect that our system may be missing something, please double-check with the Office of the Law Revision Counsel.

28 USCDescription of ChangeSession YearPublic LawStatutes at Large


LII has no control over and does not endorse any external Internet site that contains links to or references LII.