42 U.S. Code § 702 - Allotment to States and Federal set-aside

(a) Special projects
(1) Of the amounts appropriated under section 701 (a) of this title for a fiscal year that are not in excess of $600,000,000, the Secretary shall retain an amount equal to 15 percent for the purpose of carrying out activities described in section 701 (a)(2) of this title. The authority of the Secretary to enter into any contracts under this subchapter is effective for any fiscal year only to such extent or in such amounts as are provided in appropriations Acts.
(2) For purposes of paragraph (1)—
(A) amounts retained by the Secretary for training shall be used to make grants to public or nonprofit private institutions of higher learning for training personnel for health care and related services for mothers and children; and
(B) amounts retained by the Secretary for research shall be used to make grants to, contracts with, or jointly financed cooperative agreements with, public or nonprofit institutions of higher learning and public or nonprofit private agencies and organizations engaged in research or in maternal and child health or programs for children with special health care needs for research projects relating to maternal and child health services or services for children with special health care needs which show promise of substantial contribution to the advancement thereof.
(3) No funds may be made available by the Secretary under this subsection or subsection (b) of this section unless an application therefor has been submitted to, and approved by, the Secretary. Such application shall be in such form, be submitted in such manner, and contain and be accompanied by such information as the Secretary may specify. No such application may be approved unless it contains assurances that the applicant will use the funds provided only for the purposes specified in the approved application and will establish such fiscal control and fund accounting procedures as may be necessary to assure proper disbursement and accounting of Federal funds paid to the applicant under this subchapter.
(b) Excess funds; preference
(1)
(A) Of the amounts appropriated under section 701 (a) of this title for a fiscal year in excess of $600,000,000 the Secretary shall retain an amount equal to 123/4 percent thereof for the projects described in subparagraphs (A) through (F) of section 701 (a)(3) of this title.
(B) Any amount appropriated under section 701 (a) of this title for a fiscal year in excess of $600,000,000 that remains after the Secretary has retained the applicable amount (if any) under subparagraph (A) shall be retained by the Secretary in accordance with subsection (a) of this section and allocated to the States in accordance with subsection (c) of this section.
(2)
(A) Of the amounts retained for the purpose of carrying out activities described in section 701 (a)(3)(A), (B), (C), (D) and (E) of this title, the Secretary shall provide preference to qualified applicants which demonstrate that the activities to be carried out with such amounts shall be in areas with a high infant mortality rate (relative to the average infant mortality rate in the United States or in the State in which the area is located).
(B) In carrying out activities described in section 701 (a)(3)(D) of this title, the Secretary shall not provide for developing or expanding a maternal and child health center unless the Secretary has received satisfactory assurances that there will be applied, towards the costs of such development or expansion, non-Federal funds in an amount at least equal to the amount of funds provided under this subchapter toward such development or expansion.
(c) Allotments to States
From the remaining amounts appropriated under section 701 (a) of this title for any fiscal year that are not in excess of $600,000,000, the Secretary shall allot to each State which has transmitted an application for the fiscal year under section 705 (a) of this title, an amount determined as follows:
(1) The Secretary shall determine, for each State—
(A)
(i) the amount provided or allotted by the Secretary to the State and to entities in the State under the provisions of the consolidated health programs (as defined in section 701 (b)(1) of this title), other than for any of the projects or programs described in subsection (a) of this section, from appropriations for fiscal year 1981,
(ii) the proportion that such amount for that State bears to the total of such amounts for all the States, and
(B)
(i) the number of low income children in the State, and
(ii) the proportion that such number of children for that State bears to the total of such numbers of children for all the States.
(2) Each such State shall be allotted for each fiscal year an amount equal to the sum of—
(A) the amount of the allotment to the State under this subsection in fiscal year 1983, and
(B) the State’s proportion (determined under paragraph (1)(B)(ii)) of the amount by which the allotment available under this subsection for all the States for that fiscal year exceeds the amount that was available under this subsection for allotment for all the States for fiscal year 1983.
(d) Re-allotment of unallotted funds
(1) To the extent that all the funds appropriated under this subchapter for a fiscal year are not otherwise allotted to States either because all the States have not qualified for such allotments under section 705 (a) of this title for the fiscal year or because some States have indicated in their descriptions of activities under section 705 (a) of this title that they do not intend to use the full amount of such allotments, such excess shall be allotted among the remaining States in proportion to the amount otherwise allotted to such States for the fiscal year without regard to this paragraph.
(2) To the extent that all the funds appropriated under this subchapter for a fiscal year are not otherwise allotted to States because some State allotments are offset under section 706 (b)(2) of this title, such excess shall be allotted among the remaining States in proportion to the amount otherwise allotted to such States for the fiscal year without regard to this paragraph.

Source

(Aug. 14, 1935, ch. 531, title V, § 502, as added Pub. L. 97–35, title XXI, § 2192(a),Aug. 13, 1981, 95 Stat. 819; amended Pub. L. 99–272, title IX, § 9527(d),Apr. 7, 1986, 100 Stat. 219; Pub. L. 99–509, title IX, § 9441(b),Oct. 21, 1986, 100 Stat. 2071; Pub. L. 101–239, title VI, §§ 6502(a), 6503 (c)(1), (4),Dec. 19, 1989, 103 Stat. 2275, 2278.)
Prior Provisions

A prior section 702, act Aug. 14, 1935, ch. 531, title V, § 502, as added Jan. 2, 1968, Pub. L. 90–248, title III, § 301, 81 Stat. 921; amended July 10, 1972, Pub. L. 92–345, § 1, 86 Stat. 456; July 1, 1973, Pub. L. 93–53, § 4(a)(1), (2), 87 Stat. 135, prescribed purposes for which funds were available, prior to the general revision of this subchapter by section 2192(a) ofPub. L. 97–35. For effective date, savings, and transitional provisions, see section 2194 ofPub. L. 97–35, set out as a note under section 701 of this title.
Another prior section 702, acts Aug. 14, 1935, ch. 531, title V, § 502,49 Stat. 629; Aug. 10, 1939, ch. 666, title V, § 502,53 Stat. 1380; 1946 Reorg. Plan No. 2, § 1, eff. July 16, 1946, 11 F.R. 7873, 60 Stat. 1095; Aug. 10, 1946, ch. 951, title IV, § 401(b)(2), (3),60 Stat. 986; Aug. 28, 1950, ch. 809, title III, pt. 3, § 331(b), pt. 6, § 361(e),64 Stat. 551, 558; Aug. 28, 1958, Pub. L. 85–840, title VI, § 602(b), (c), 72 Stat. 1055; Sept. 13, 1960, Pub. L. 86–778, title VII, § 707(a)(1)(B), (C), (b)(1)(A), 74 Stat. 995, 996; Oct. 24, 1963, Pub. L. 88–156, § 2(b), (c), 77 Stat. 273, provided for allotment to States for maternal and child health services, prior to the general amendment of title V of the Social Security Act by Pub. L. 90–248, § 301, and was covered by former section 703 of this title.
Amendments

1989—Subsec. (a)(1). Pub. L. 101–239, § 6502(a)(1), amended first sentence generally. Prior to amendment, first sentence read as follows: “Of the amounts appropriated under section 701 (a) of this title for a fiscal year that are not in excess of $478,000,000, the Secretary shall retain an amount equal to 15 percent thereof in the case of fiscal year 1982, and an amount equal to not less than 10, nor more than 15, percent thereof in the case of each fiscal year thereafter, for the purpose of carrying out (through grants, contracts, or otherwise) special projects of regional and national significance, training, and research and for the funding of genetic disease testing, counseling, and information development and dissemination programs and of comprehensive hemophilia diagnostic and treatment centers.”
Subsec. (a)(3). Pub. L. 101–239, § 6502(a)(2), inserted “or subsection (b) of this section” after “this subsection”.
Subsec. (b). Pub. L. 101–239, § 6502(a)(3), added subsec. (b). Former subsec. (b) redesignated (c).
Subsec. (c). Pub. L. 101–239, § 6503(c)(4), which directed amendment of subsec. (b) by substituting “705(a)” for “705”, was executed to subsec. (c) to reflect the probable intent of Congress and the intervening redesignation of former subsec. (b) as (c) by Pub. L. 101–239, § 6502(a)(3), see below.
Pub. L. 101–239, § 6503(c)(1), substituted “an application” for “a description of intended activities and statement of assurances” in introductory provisions.
Pub. L. 101–239, § 6502(a)(4)(A), substituted “$600,000,000” for “$478,000,000” in introductory provisions.
Pub. L. 101–239, § 6502(a)(3), redesignatedsubsec. (b) as (c) and struck out former subsec. (c) which related to special projects for children.
Subsec. (c)(2). Pub. L. 101–239, § 6502(a)(4)(B), amended par. (2) generally, substituting provisions basing each State’s allotment for each fiscal year upon 1983 amounts for former provisions setting forth formulas for allotments for fiscal years 1982 and 1983 and for each year beginning with fiscal year 1984.
Subsec. (d)(1). Pub. L. 101–239, § 6503(c)(4), substituted “705(a)” for “705” in two places.
1986—Subsec. (a)(1). Pub. L. 99–509, § 9441(b)(1), substituted “amounts appropriated under section 701 (a) of this title for a fiscal year that are not in excess of $478,000,000” for “amount appropriated under section 701 (a) of this title”.
Subsec. (a)(2)(B). Pub. L. 99–272substituted “programs for children with special health care needs” for “crippled children’s programs” and “services for children with special health care needs” for “crippled children’s services”.
Subsec. (b). Pub. L. 99–509, § 9441(b)(2), inserted “that are not in excess of $478,000,000” in introductory provisions and struck out par. (3) which read as follows:
“(A) To the extent that all the funds appropriated under this subchapter for a fiscal year are not otherwise allotted to States either because all the States have not qualified for such allotments under section 705 of this title for the fiscal year or because some States have indicated in their descriptions of activities under section 705 of this title that they do not intend to use the full amount of such allotments, such excess shall be allotted among the remaining States in proportion to the amount otherwise allotted to such States for the fiscal year without regard to this subparagraph.
“(B) To the extent that all the funds appropriated under this subchapter for a fiscal year are not otherwise allotted to States because some State allotments are offset under section 706 (b)(2) of this title, such excess shall be allotted among the remaining States in proportion to the amount otherwise allotted to such States for the fiscal year without regard to this subparagraph.”
Subsecs. (c), (d). Pub. L. 99–509, § 9441(b)(3), added subsecs. (c) and (d).
Effective Date of 1989 Amendment

Amendment by section 6502(a) ofPub. L. 101–239applicable to appropriations for fiscal years beginning with fiscal year 1990, and amendment by section 6503(c)(1), (4) ofPub. L. 101–239applicable to payments for allotments for fiscal years beginning with fiscal year 1991, see section 6510(a), (b)(1) ofPub. L. 101–239, set out as a note under section 701 of this title.

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42 USCDescription of ChangeSession YearPublic LawStatutes at Large

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42 CFR - Public Health

42 CFR Part 51a - PROJECT GRANTS FOR MATERNAL AND CHILD HEALTH

44 CFR - Emergency Management and Assistance

44 CFR Part 17 - [Reserved]

45 CFR - Public Welfare

45 CFR Part 96 - BLOCK GRANTS

 

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