7 U.S. Code § 1736f–1 - Establishment of commodity trust

Status message

There is 1 Update Pending. Select the tab below to view.
(a) In general
To provide for a trust solely to meet emergency humanitarian food needs in developing countries, the Secretary of Agriculture (referred to in this section as the “Secretary”) shall establish and maintain a trust of wheat, rice, corn, or sorghum, any combination of the commodities, or funds for use as described in subsection (c) of this section.
(b) Commodities or funds in trust
(1) In general
The trust established under this section shall consist of—
(A) wheat in the reserve established under the Food Security Wheat Reserve Act of 1980 as of April 4, 1996;
(B) wheat, rice, corn, and sorghum (referred to in this section as “eligible commodities”) acquired in accordance with paragraph (2) to replenish eligible commodities released from the trust, including wheat to replenish wheat released from the reserve established under the Food Security Wheat Reserve Act of 1980 but not replenished as of April 4, 1996;
(C) such rice, corn, and sorghum as the Secretary may, at such time and in such manner as the Secretary determines appropriate, acquire as a result of exchanging an equivalent value of wheat in the trust established under this section; and
(D) funds made available—
(i) under paragraph (2)(B);
(ii) as a result of an exchange of any commodity held in the trust for an equivalent amount of funds from the market, if the Secretary determines that such a sale of the commodity on the market will not unduly disrupt domestic markets; or
(iii) to maximize the value of the trust, in accordance with subsection (d)(3).
(2) Replenishment of trust
(A) In general
Subject to subsection (h) of this section, commodities of equivalent value to eligible commodities in the trust established under this section may be acquired—
(i) through purchases—
(I) from producers; or
(II) in the market, if the Secretary determines that the purchases will not unduly disrupt the market; or
(ii) by designation by the Secretary of stocks of eligible commodities of the Commodity Credit Corporation.
(B) Funds
Any funds used to acquire eligible commodities through purchases from producers or in the market to replenish the trust shall be derived—
(i) with respect to fiscal years 2000 through 2018 from funds made available to carry out the Food for Peace Act (7 U.S.C. 1691 et seq.) that are used to repay or reimburse the Commodity Credit Corporation for the release of eligible commodities under subsections (c)(1) and (f)(2) of this section, except that, of such funds, not more than $20,000,000 may be expended for this purpose in each of the fiscal years 2000 through 2018;
(ii) from funds authorized for that use by an appropriations Act; or
(iii) from funds accrued through the management of the trust under subsection (d).
(c) Release of eligible commodities
(1) Releases for emergency assistance
(A) Definition of emergency
(i) In general In this paragraph, the term “emergency” means an urgent situation—
(I) in which there is clear evidence that an event or series of events described in clause (ii) has occurred—
(aa) that causes human suffering; and
(bb) for which a government concerned has not chosen, or has not the means, to remedy; or
(II) created by a demonstrably abnormal event or series of events that produces dislocation in the lives of residents of a country or region of a country on an exceptional scale.
(ii) Event or series of events An event or series of events referred to in clause (i) includes 1 or more of—
(I) a sudden calamity, such as an earthquake, flood, locust infestation, or similar unforeseen disaster;
(II) a human-made emergency resulting in—
(aa) a significant influx of refugees;
(bb) the internal displacement of populations; or
(cc) the suffering of otherwise affected populations;
(III) food scarcity conditions caused by slow-onset events, such as drought, crop failure, pest infestation, and disease, that result in an erosion of the ability of communities and vulnerable populations to meet food needs; and
(IV) severe food access or availability conditions resulting from sudden economic shocks, market failure, or economic collapse, that result in an erosion of the ability of communities and vulnerable populations to meet food needs.
(B) Releases
(i) In general Any funds or commodities held in the trust may be released to provide food, and cover any associated costs, under title II of the Food for Peace Act (7 U.S.C. 1721 et seq.)—
(I) to assist in averting an emergency, including during the period immediately preceding the emergency;
(II) to respond to an emergency; or
(III) for recovery and rehabilitation after an emergency.
(ii) Procedure A release under clause (i) shall be carried out in the same manner, and pursuant to the same authority as provided in title II of that Act.
(C) Insufficiency of other funds
The funds and commodities held in the trust shall be made immediately available on a determination by the Administrator that funds available for emergency needs under title II of that Act (7 U.S.C. 1721 et seq.) for a fiscal year are insufficient to meet emergency needs during the fiscal year.
(D) Waiver relating to minimum tonnage requirements
Nothing in this paragraph requires a waiver by the Administrator of the Agency for International Development under section 204(a)(3) of the Food for Peace Act (7 U.S.C. 1724 (a)(3)) as a condition for a release of funds or commodities under subparagraph (B).
(2) Processing of eligible commodities
Eligible commodities that are released from the trust established under this section may be processed in the United States and shipped to a developing country when conditions in the recipient country require processing.
(3) Exchange
The Secretary may exchange an eligible commodity for another United States commodity of equal value, including powdered milk, pulses, and vegetable oil.
(4) Use of normal commercial practices
To the maximum extent practicable consistent with the fulfillment of the purposes of this section and the effective and efficient administration of this section, the Secretary shall use the usual and customary channels, facilities, arrangements, and practices of trade and commerce to carry out this subsection.
(d) Management of trust
(1) In general
The Secretary shall provide for the management of eligible commodities and funds held in the trust in a manner that is consistent with maximizing the value of the trust, as determined by the Secretary.
(2) Eligible commodities
The Secretary shall provide—
(A) for the management of eligible commodities in the trust established under this section as to location and quality of eligible commodities needed to meet emergency situations;
(B) for the periodic rotation or replacement of stocks of eligible commodities in the trust to avoid spoilage and deterioration of the commodities;  [1]
(C) subject to the need for release of commodities from the trust under subsection (c)(1) of this section, for the management of the trust to preserve the value of the trust through acquisitions under subsection (b)(2) of this section; and  [2]
(3) Funds
(A) Exchanges
If any commodity held in the trust is exchanged for funds under subsection (b)(1)(D)(ii), the funds shall be held in the trust until the date on which the funds are released in the case of an emergency under subsection (c).
(B) Investment
The Secretary may invest funds held in the trust in any short-term obligation of the United States or any other low-risk short-term instrument or security insured by the Federal Government in which a regulated insurance company may invest under the laws of the District of Columbia.
(e) Treatment of trust under other law
Eligible commodities in the trust established under this section shall not be—
(1) considered a part of the total domestic supply (including carryover) for the purpose of subsection (c) of this section or for the purpose of administering the Food for Peace Act (7 U.S.C. 1691 et seq.); and
(2) subject to any quantitative limitation on exports that may be imposed under section 2406 of title 50, Appendix.
(f) Use of Commodity Credit Corporation
(1) In general
Subject to the limitations provided in this section, the funds, facilities, and authorities of the Commodity Credit Corporation shall be used by the Secretary in carrying out this section, except that any restriction applicable to the acquisition, storage, or disposition of eligible commodities owned or controlled by the Commodity Credit Corporation shall not apply.
(2) Reimbursement of trust
(A) In general
The Commodity Credit Corporation shall be reimbursed for the release of eligible commodities from funds made available to carry out the Food for Peace Act (7 U.S.C. 1691 et seq.) and the funds shall be available to replenish the trust under subsection (b) of this section.
(B) Basis for reimbursement
The reimbursement shall be made on the basis of the lesser of—
(i) the actual costs incurred by the Commodity Credit Corporation with respect to the eligible commodity; or
(ii) the export market price of the eligible commodity (as determined by the Secretary) as of the time the eligible commodity is released from the trust.
(C) Source of funds
The reimbursement may be made from funds appropriated for subsequent fiscal years.
(g) Finality of determination
Any determination by the Secretary under this section shall be final.
(h) Termination of authority
(1) In general
The authority to replenish stocks of eligible commodities to maintain the trust established under this section shall terminate on September 30, 2018.
(2) Disposal of eligible commodities
Eligible commodities remaining in the trust after September 30, 2018, shall be disposed of by release for use in providing for emergency humanitarian food needs in developing countries as provided in this section.


[1]  So in original. Probably should be followed by “and”.

[2]  So in original. The “; and” probably should be a period.

Source

(Pub. L. 96–494, title III, § 302, as added Pub. L. 104–127, title II, § 225(a),Apr. 4, 1996, 110 Stat. 959; amended Pub. L. 105–385, title II, § 212(a), (b)(3),Nov. 13, 1998, 112 Stat. 3465, 3467; Pub. L. 107–171, title III, § 3202,May 13, 2002, 116 Stat. 300; Pub. L. 110–246, title III, §§ 3001(b)(1)(A), (2)(E), 3201,June 18, 2008, 122 Stat. 1820, 1834; Pub. L. 113–79, title III, § 3202,Feb. 7, 2014, 128 Stat. 779.)
References in Text

The Food Security Wheat Reserve Act of 1980, referred to in subsec. (b)(1)(A), (B), is title III of the Agricultural Act of 1980, Pub. L. 96–494, Dec. 3, 1980, 94 Stat. 2578, which enacted former section 1736f–1 of this title and provisions set out as notes under that section, prior to the general amendment of title III by Pub. L. 104–127, title II, § 225(a),Apr. 4, 1996, 110 Stat. 959.
The Food for Peace Act, referred to in subsecs. (b)(2)(B)(i), (c)(1)(B), (C), (e)(1), and (f)(2)(A), is act July 10, 1954, ch. 469, 68 Stat. 454, which is classified generally to this chapter (§ 1691 et seq.). Title II of the Act is classified to subchapter III (§ 1721 et seq.) of this chapter. For complete classification of this Act to the Code, see Short Title note set out under section 1691 of this title and Tables.
Codification

The authorities provided by each provision of, and each amendment made by, Pub. L. 110–246, as in effect on Sept. 30, 2012, to continue, and the Secretary of Agriculture to carry out the authorities, until the later of Sept. 30, 2013, or the date specified in the provision of, or amendment made by, Pub. L. 110–246, see section 701(a) ofPub. L. 112–240, set out in a 1-Year Extension of Agricultural Programs note under section 8701 of this title.
Section was enacted as part of the Bill Emerson Humanitarian Trust Act which is title III of the Agricultural Act of 1980, and not as part of the Food for Peace Act which comprises this chapter.
Prior Provisions

A prior section 1736f–1,Pub. L. 96–494, title III, § 302,Dec. 3, 1980, 94 Stat. 2578; Pub. L. 99–198, title X, § 1013,Dec. 23, 1985, 99 Stat. 1456; Pub. L. 101–624, title XI, § 1143, title XV, § 1515(c),Nov. 28, 1990, 104 Stat. 3515, 3663, established food security wheat reserve, prior to general amendment of title III of Pub. L. 96–494by Pub. L. 104–127, § 225(a).
Amendments

2014—Subsec. (b)(2)(B)(i). Pub. L. 113–79, § 3202(1), substituted “2018” for “2012” in two places.
Subsec. (h). Pub. L. 113–79, § 3202(2), substituted “2018” for “2012” in pars. (1) and (2).
2008—Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 110–246, § 3201(1), substituted “establish and maintain a trust” for “establish a trust stock” and “any combination of the commodities, or funds” for “or any combination of the commodities, totaling not more than 4,000,000 metric tons”.
Subsec. (b)(1)(D). Pub. L. 110–246, § 3201(2)(A), added subpar. (D) and struck out former subpar. (D) which read as follows: “funds made available under paragraph (2)(B) which shall be used solely to replenish commodities in the trust.”
Subsec. (b)(2)(B)(i). Pub. L. 110–246, § 3201(2)(B)(i), substituted “2012” for “2007” in two places, substituted “(c)(1)” for “(c)(2)”, and struck out “and” at end.
Pub. L. 110–246, § 3001(b)(1)(A), (2)(E), substituted “Food for Peace Act” for “Agricultural Trade Development and Assistance Act of 1954”.
Subsec. (b)(2)(B)(ii), (iii). Pub. L. 110–246, § 3201(2)(B)(ii), (iii), substituted “; or” for period at end of cl. (ii) and added cl. (iii).
Subsec. (c). Pub. L. 110–246, § 3201(3), added par. (1), redesignated former pars. (3) to (5) as (2) to (4), respectively, and struck out former pars. (1) and (2) which related to, in par. (1), release of eligible commodities to provide emergency assistance to developing countries under title II of the Agricultural Trade Development and Assistance Act of 1954, and, in par. (2), release of eligible commodities to provide emergency food assistance to developing countries at such time as the domestic supply of such commodities had been so limited that quantities of them could not have been made available for disposition under the Act.
Subsec. (d). Pub. L. 110–246, § 3201(4), substituted “Management of trust” for “Management of eligible commodities” in subsec. heading, added par. (1), designated existing provisions as par. (2), inserted par. heading, redesignated former pars. (1) to (3) as subpars. (A) to (C), respectively, of par. (2), and added par. (3).
Subsecs. (e)(1), (f)(2)(A). Pub. L. 110–246, § 3001(b)(1)(A), (2)(E), substituted “Food for Peace Act” for “Agricultural Trade Development and Assistance Act of 1954”.
Subsec. (h). Pub. L. 110–246, § 3201(5), substituted “2012” for “2007” in pars. (1) and (2).
2002—Subsec. (b)(2)(B)(i). Pub. L. 107–171substituted “2007” for “2002” in two places.
Subsec. (h). Pub. L. 107–171substituted “2007” for “2002” in pars. (1) and (2).
1998—Pub. L. 105–385, § 212(b)(3)(A), substituted “trust” for “reserve” in section catchline.
Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 105–385, § 212(b)(3)(B), substituted “trust” for “reserve” in two places.
Subsec. (b). Pub. L. 105–385, § 212(a)(1)(A), (b)(3)(C)(i), in heading inserted “or funds” after “Commodities” and substituted “trust” for “reserve”.
Subsec. (b)(1). Pub. L. 105–385, § 212(b)(3)(B), substituted “trust” for “reserve” in introductory provisions.
Subsec. (b)(1)(B). Pub. L. 105–385, § 212(b)(3)(C)(ii), substituted “trust,” for “reserve,”.
Subsec. (b)(1)(C). Pub. L. 105–385, § 212(b)(3)(B), substituted “trust” for “reserve”.
Subsec. (b)(1)(D). Pub. L. 105–385, § 212(a)(1)(B), added subpar. (D).
Subsec. (b)(2). Pub. L. 105–385, § 212(b)(3)(C)(iii), substituted “trust” for “reserve” in heading.
Subsec. (b)(2)(A). Pub. L. 105–385, § 212(b)(3)(B), substituted “trust” for “reserve” in introductory provisions.
Subsec. (b)(2)(B). Pub. L. 105–385, § 212(a)(1)(C), added subpar. (B) and struck out heading and text of former subpar. (B). Text read as follows: “Any use of funds to acquire eligible commodities through purchases from producers or in the market to replenish the reserve must be authorized in an appropriations Act.”
Subsec. (c)(1)(B). Pub. L. 105–385, § 212(b)(3)(B), substituted “trust” for “reserve” in introductory provisions.
Subsec. (c)(2). Pub. L. 105–385, § 212(a)(2), (b)(3)(B), designated existing provisions as subpar. (A), inserted heading, substituted “trust” for “reserve”, and added subpar. (B).
Subsecs. (c)(3), (d)(1), (2). Pub. L. 105–385, § 212(b)(3)(B), substituted “trust” for “reserve”.
Subsec. (d)(3). Pub. L. 105–385, § 212(a)(3), added par. (3).
Subsec. (e). Pub. L. 105–385, § 212(b)(3)(B), (D), substituted “trust” for “reserve” in heading and introductory provisions.
Subsec. (f)(2). Pub. L. 105–385, § 212(a)(4)(A), inserted “of trust” after “Reimbursement” in heading.
Subsec. (f)(2)(A). Pub. L. 105–385, § 212(a)(4)(B), inserted before period at end “and the funds shall be available to replenish the trust under subsection (b) of this section”.
Subsecs. (f)(2)(B)(ii), (h)(1), (2). Pub. L. 105–385, § 212(b)(3)(B), substituted “trust” for “reserve”.
Effective Date of 2008 Amendment

Amendment by Pub. L. 110–246effective May 22, 2008, see section 4(b) ofPub. L. 110–246, set out as an Effective Date note under section 8701 of this title.
Effective Date

Pub. L. 96–494, title III, § 303,Dec. 3, 1980, 94 Stat. 2580, provided that title III of Pub. L. 96–494(enacting former section 1736f–1 of this title and provisions formerly set out as a note under that section) became effective on Dec. 3, 1980, prior to the general amendment of title III of Pub. L. 96–494by Pub. L. 104–127, § 225(a).
Short Title

Pub. L. 96–494, title III, § 301, as added by Pub. L. 104–127, title II, § 225(a),Apr. 4, 1996, 110 Stat. 959, and amended by Pub. L. 105–385, title II, § 212(b)(2),Nov. 13, 1998, 112 Stat. 3466, provided that: “This title [enacting this section] may be cited as the ‘Bill Emerson Humanitarian Trust Act’.”
A prior section 301 of title III of Pub. L. 96–494provided that title III (enacting former section 1736f–1 of this title and provisions set out as a note under that section) could be cited as the “Food Security Wheat Reserve Act of 1980”, prior to the general amendment of title III of Pub. L. 96–494by Pub. L. 104–127, § 225(a).

The table below lists the classification updates, since Jan. 3, 2012, for this section. Updates to a broader range of sections may be found at the update page for containing chapter, title, etc.

The most recent Classification Table update that we have noticed was Tuesday, August 13, 2013

An empty table indicates that we see no relevant changes listed in the classification tables. If you suspect that our system may be missing something, please double-check with the Office of the Law Revision Counsel.

7 USCDescription of ChangeSession YearPublic LawStatutes at Large
§ 1736f-12014113-79 [Sec.] 3202128 Stat. 779

This is a list of parts within the Code of Federal Regulations for which this US Code section provides rulemaking authority.

This list is taken from the Parallel Table of Authorities and Rules provided by GPO [Government Printing Office].

It is not guaranteed to be accurate or up-to-date, though we do refresh the database weekly. More limitations on accuracy are described at the GPO site.


48 CFR - Federal Acquisition Regulations System

48 CFR Part 470 - COMMODITY ACQUISITIONS

 

LII has no control over and does not endorse any external Internet site that contains links to or references LII.