7 U.S. Code § 343 - Appropriations; distribution; allotment and apportionment; Secretary of Agriculture; matching funds; cooperative extension activities

(a) There are authorized to be appropriated for the purposes of this subchapter such sums as Congress may from time to time determine to be necessary.
(b)
(1) Out of such sums, each State and the Secretary of Agriculture shall be entitled to receive annually a sum of money equal to the sums available from Federal cooperative extension funds for the fiscal year 1962, and subject to the same requirements as to furnishing of equivalent sums by the State, except that amounts heretofore made available to the Secretary for allotment on the basis of special needs shall continue available for use on the same basis.
(2) There is authorized to be appropriated for the fiscal year ending June 30, 1971, and for each fiscal year thereafter, for payment to the Virgin Islands, Guam, and the Northern Mariana Islands, $100,000 each, which sums shall be in addition to the sums appropriated for the several States of the United States and Puerto Rico under the provisions of this section. The amount paid by the Federal Government to the Virgin Islands and Guam pursuant to this paragraph shall not exceed during any fiscal year, except the fiscal years ending June 30, 1971, and June 30, 1972, when such amount may be used to pay the total cost of providing services pursuant to this subchapter, the amount available and budgeted for expenditure by the Virgin Islands and Guam for the purposes of this subchapter.
(3) There are authorized to be appropriated for the fiscal year ending June 30, 1996, and for each fiscal year thereafter, for payment on behalf of the 1994 Institutions (as defined in section 532 of the Equity in Educational Land-Grant Status Act of 1994), such sums as are necessary for the purposes set forth in section 342 of this title. The balance of any annual funds provided under the preceding sentence for a fiscal year that remains unexpended at the end of that fiscal year shall remain available without fiscal year limitation. Such sums shall be in addition to the sums appropriated for the several States and Puerto Rico, the Virgin Islands, and Guam under the provisions of this section. Such sums shall be distributed on the basis of a competitive application process to be developed and implemented by the Secretary and paid by the Secretary to 1994 Institutions (in accordance with regulations that the Secretary may promulgate) and may be administered by the 1994 Institutions through cooperative agreements with colleges and universities eligible to receive funds under subchapters I and II of this chapter, including Tuskegee University, located in any State.
(4) Annual appropriation for hispanic-serving agricultural colleges and universities.—
(A) Authorization of appropriations.— There are authorized to be appropriated to the Secretary for payments to Hispanic-serving agricultural colleges and universities (as defined in section 3103 of this title) such sums as are necessary to carry out this paragraph for fiscal year 2008 and each fiscal year thereafter, to remain available until expended.
(B) Additional amount.— Amounts made available under this paragraph shall be in addition to any other amounts made available under this section to States, the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico, Guam, or the United States Virgin Islands.
(C) Administration.— Amounts made available under this paragraph shall be—
(i) distributed on the basis of a competitive application process to be developed and implemented by the Secretary;
(ii) paid by the Secretary to the State institutions established in accordance with the Act of July 2, 1862 (commonly known as the “First Morrill Act”) (7 U.S.C. 301 et seq.); and
(iii) administered by State institutions through cooperative agreements with the Hispanic-serving agricultural colleges and universities in the State in accordance with regulations promulgated by the Secretary.
(c) Any sums made available by the Congress for further development of cooperative extension work in addition to those referred to in subsection (b) of this section shall be distributed as follows:
(1) Four per centum of the sum so appropriated for each fiscal year shall be allotted to the Secretary of Agriculture for administrative, technical, and other services, and for coordinating the extension work of the Department and the several States, Territories, and possessions.
(2) Of the remainder so appropriated for each fiscal year 20 per centum shall be paid to the several States in equal proportions, 40 per centum shall be paid to the several States in the proportion that the rural population of each bears to the total rural population of the several States as determined by the census, and the balance shall be paid to the several States in the proportion that the farm population of each bears to the total farm population of the several States as determined by the census. Any appropriation made hereunder shall be allotted in the first and succeeding years on the basis of the decennial census current at the time such appropriation is first made, and as to any increase, on the basis of decennial census current at the time such increase is first appropriated.
(d) The Secretary of Agriculture shall receive such additional amounts as Congress shall determine for administration, technical, and other services and for coordinating the extension work of the Department and the several States, Territories, and possessions. A college or university eligible to receive funds under subchapter II of this chapter, including Tuskegee University, may compete for and receive funds directly from the Secretary of Agriculture.
(e) Matching Funds.—
(1) Requirement.— Except as provided in paragraph (4) and subsection (f) of this section, no allotment shall be made to a State under subsection (b) or (c) of this section, and no payments from the allotment shall be made to a State, in excess of the amount that the State makes available out of non-Federal funds for cooperative extension work.
(2) Failure to provide matching funds.— If a State fails to comply with the requirement to provide matching funds for a fiscal year under paragraph (1), the Secretary of Agriculture shall withhold from payment to the State for that fiscal year an amount equal to the difference between—
(A) the amount that would be allotted and paid to the State under subsections (b) and (c) of this section (if the full amount of matching funds were provided by the State); and
(B) the amount of matching funds actually provided by the State.
(3) Reapportionment.—
(A) In general.— The Secretary of Agriculture shall reapportion amounts withheld under paragraph (2) for a fiscal year among the States satisfying the matching requirement for that fiscal year.
(B) Matching requirement.— Any reapportionment of funds under this paragraph shall be subject to the matching requirement specified in paragraph (1).
(4) Exception for insular areas.—
(A) In general.— Effective beginning for fiscal year 2003, in lieu of the matching funds requirement of paragraph (1), the insular areas of the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico, Guam, and the Virgin Islands of the United States shall provide matching funds from non-Federal sources in an amount equal to not less than 50 percent of the formula funds distributed by the Secretary to each of the insular areas, respectively, under this section.
(B) Waivers.— The Secretary may waive the matching fund requirement of subparagraph (A) for any fiscal year if the Secretary determines that the government of the insular area will be unlikely to meet the matching requirement for the fiscal year.
(f) Matching Funds Exception for 1994 Institutions and Hispanic-Serving Agricultural Colleges and Universities.— There shall be no matching requirement for funds made available to a 1994 Institution or Hispanic-serving agricultural colleges and universities in accordance with paragraphs (3) and (4) of subsection (b).
(g)
(1) The Secretary of Agriculture may conduct educational, instructional, demonstration, and publication distribution programs and enter into cooperative agreements with private nonprofit and profit organizations and individuals to share the cost of such programs through contributions from private sources as provided in this subsection.
(2) The Secretary may receive contributions under this subsection from private sources for the purposes described in paragraph (1) and provide matching funds in an amount not greater than 50 percent of such contributions.
(h) Multistate Cooperative Extension Activities.—
(1) In general.— Not less than the applicable percentage specified under paragraph (2) of the amounts that are paid to a State under subsections (b) and (c) of this section during a fiscal year shall be expended by States for cooperative extension activities in which 2 or more States cooperate to solve problems that concern more than 1 State (referred to in this subsection as “multistate activities”).
(2) Applicable percentages.—
(A) 1997 expenditures on multistate activities.— Of the Federal formula funds that were paid to each State for fiscal year 1997 under subsections (b) and (c) of this section, the Secretary of Agriculture shall determine the percentage that the State expended for multistate activities.
(B) Required expenditures on multistate activities.— Of the Federal formula funds that are paid to each State for fiscal year 2000 and each subsequent fiscal year under subsections (b) and (c) of this section, the State shall expend for the fiscal year for multistate activities a percentage that is at least equal to the lesser of—
(i) 25 percent; or
(ii) twice the percentage for the State determined under subparagraph (A).
(C) Reduction by secretary.— The Secretary may reduce the minimum percentage required to be expended for multistate activities under subparagraph (B) by a State in a case of hardship, infeasibility, or other similar circumstance beyond the control of the State, as determined by the Secretary.
(D) Plan of work.— The State shall include in the plan of work of the State required under section 344 of this title a description of the manner in which the State will meet the requirements of this paragraph.
(3) Applicability.— This subsection does not apply to funds provided—
(A) by a State or local government pursuant to a matching requirement;
(B) to a 1994 Institution (as defined in section 532 of the Equity in Educational Land-Grant Status Act of 1994 (Public Law 103–382; 7 U.S.C. 301 note)); or
(C) to the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico, the Virgin Islands, or Guam.
(i) Merit Review.—
(1) Review required.— Effective October 1, 1999, extension activity carried out under subsection (h) of this section shall be subject to merit review.
(2) Other requirements.— An extension activity for which merit review is conducted under paragraph (1) shall be considered to have satisfied the requirements for review under section 7613 (e) of this title.
(j) Integration of Research and Extension.— Section 361c (i) of this title shall apply to amounts made available to carry out this subchapter.

Source

(May 8, 1914, ch. 79, § 3,38 Stat. 373; June 26, 1953, ch. 157, § 1,67 Stat. 84; Pub. L. 87–749, § 1(b)–(e), Oct. 5, 1962, 76 Stat. 745; Pub. L. 92–318, title V, § 506(g),June 23, 1972, 86 Stat. 351; Pub. L. 95–113, title XIV, § 1465,Sept. 29, 1977, 91 Stat. 1018; Pub. L. 99–198, title XIV, § 1435(b),Dec. 23, 1985, 99 Stat. 1557; Pub. L. 99–396, § 9(e),Aug. 27, 1986, 100 Stat. 840; Pub. L. 103–382, title V, § 534(b),Oct. 20, 1994, 108 Stat. 4050; Pub. L. 104–127, title VIII, § 883(a),Apr. 4, 1996, 110 Stat. 1176; Pub. L. 105–185, title I, § 105, title II, §§ 201, 203 (b), (c)(2), 204 (b),June 23, 1998, 112 Stat. 529, 531, 534, 536; Pub. L. 105–277, div. A, § 101(a) [title VII, § 753(e)], Oct. 21, 1998, 112 Stat. 2681, 2681–33; Pub. L. 107–171, title VII, §§ 7213(b), 7215,May 13, 2002, 116 Stat. 448; Pub. L. 110–234, title VII, §§ 7129(b), 7403(a),May 22, 2008, 122 Stat. 1226, 1246; Pub. L. 110–246, § 4(a), title VII, §§ 7129(b), 7403(a),June 18, 2008, 122 Stat. 1664, 1987, 2007.)
References in Text

Section 532 of the Equity in Educational Land-Grant Status Act of 1994, referred to in subsec. (b)(3), is section 532 ofPub. L. 103–382, which is set out as a note under section 301 of this title.
The Act of July 2, 1862, referred to in subsec. (b)(4)(C)(ii), is act July 2, 1862, ch. 130, 12 Stat. 503, popularly known as the “Morrill Act” and also as the “First Morrill Act”, which is classified generally to subchapter I (§ 301 et seq.) of chapter 13 of this title. For complete classification of this Act to the Code, see Short Title note set out under section 301 of this title and Tables.
Codification

Pub. L. 110–234and Pub. L. 110–246made identical amendments to this section. The amendments by Pub. L. 110–234were repealed by section 4(a) ofPub. L. 110–246.
Amendments

2008—Subsec. (b)(4). Pub. L. 110–246, § 7129(b)(1), added par. (4).
Subsec. (d). Pub. L. 110–246, § 7403(a), substituted “compete for and receive funds directly from the Secretary of Agriculture.” for “apply for and receive directly from the Secretary of Agriculture—
“(1) amounts made available under this subsection after September 30, 1995, to carry out programs or initiatives for which no funds were made available under this subsection for fiscal year 1995, or any previous fiscal year, as determined by the Secretary; and
“(2) amounts made available after September 30, 1995, to carry out programs or initiatives funded under this subsection prior to that date that are in excess of the highest amount made available for the programs or initiatives under this subsection for fiscal year 1995, or any previous fiscal year, as determined by the Secretary.”
Subsec. (f). Pub. L. 110–246, § 7129(b)(2), in heading, inserted “and Hispanic-Serving Agricultural Colleges and Universities” after “1994 Institutions” and, in text, substituted “or Hispanic-serving agricultural colleges and universities in accordance with paragraphs (3) and (4) of subsection (b)” for “pursuant to subsection (b)(3) of this section”.
2002—Subsec. (b)(3). Pub. L. 107–171, § 7215, substituted “such sums as are necessary” for “$5,000,000” and inserted “The balance of any annual funds provided under the preceding sentence for a fiscal year that remains unexpended at the end of that fiscal year shall remain available without fiscal year limitation.” after “section 342 of this title.”.
Subsec. (e)(4). Pub. L. 107–171, § 7213(b), added par. (4) and struck out heading and text of former par. (4). Text read as follows: “In lieu of the matching funds requirement of paragraph (1), the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico, the Virgin Islands, and Guam shall be subject to the same matching funds requirements as those applicable to an eligible institution under section 3222d of this title.”
1998—Subsec. (b)(1). Pub. L. 105–185, § 203(c)(2)(A), substituted “Secretary of Agriculture” for “Federal Extension Service”.
Subsec. (b)(3). Pub. L. 105–185, § 201, substituted “1994 Institutions (in accordance with regulations that the Secretary may promulgate) and may be administered by the 1994 Institutions through cooperative agreements with colleges and universities eligible to receive funds under subchapters I and II of this chapter, including Tuskegee University, located in any State.” for “State institutions established in accordance with the provisions of subchapter I of this chapter (other than 1994 Institutions) and administered by such institutions through cooperative agreements with 1994 Institutions in the States of the 1994 Institutions in accordance with regulations that the Secretary shall adopt.”
Subsec. (c)(1). Pub. L. 105–185, § 203(b)(1)(A), (c)(2)(A), redesignated par. 1 as (1) and substituted “Secretary of Agriculture” for “Federal Extension Service”.
Subsec. (c)(2). Pub. L. 105–185, § 203(b)(1), redesignated par. 2 as (2) and substituted “census. Any” for “census: Provided, That payments out of the additional appropriations for further development of extension work authorized herein may be made subject to the making available of such sums of public funds by the States from non-Federal funds for the maintenance of cooperative agricultural extension work provided for in this subchapter, as may be provided by the Congress at the time such additional appropriations are made: Provided further, That any”.
Subsec. (d). Pub. L. 105–185, § 203(c)(2)(A), substituted “Secretary of Agriculture” for “Federal Extension Service”.
Subsec. (e). Pub. L. 105–185, § 203(b)(2), added subsec. (e) and struck out former subsec. (e) which read as follows: “Insofar as the provisions of subsections (b) and (c) of this section, which require or permit Congress to require matching of Federal funds, apply to the Virgin Islands of the United States and Guam, such provisions shall be deemed to have been satisfied, for the fiscal years ending September 30, 1978, and September 30, 1979, only, if the amounts budgeted and available for expenditure by the Virgin Islands of the United States and Guam in such years equal the amounts budgeted and available for expenditure by the Virgin Islands of the United States and Guam in the fiscal year ending September 30, 1977.”
Subsec. (e)(1). Pub. L. 105–277, § 101(a) [title VII, § 753(e)(1)], inserted “paragraph (4) and” after “provided in”.
Subsec. (e)(4). Pub. L. 105–277, § 101(a) [title VII, § 753(e)(2)], added par. (4).
Subsec. (f). Pub. L. 105–185, § 203(b)(2), added subsec. (f) and struck out former subsec. (f) which read as follows: “There shall be no matching requirement for funds made available pursuant to subsection (b)(3) of this section.”
Subsec. (g)(1). Pub. L. 105–185, § 203(c)(2)(B), struck out “through the Federal Extension Service” after “distribution programs”.
Subsecs. (h), (i). Pub. L. 105–185, § 105, added subsecs. (h) and (i).
Subsec. (j). Pub. L. 105–185, § 204(b), added subsec. (j).
1996—Subsec. (d). Pub. L. 104–127inserted at end “A college or university eligible to receive funds under subchapter II of this chapter, including Tuskegee University, may apply for and receive directly from the Secretary of Agriculture—” and added pars. (1) and (2).
1994—Subsec. (b)(3). Pub. L. 103–382, § 534(b)(1), added par. (3).
Subsecs. (f), (g). Pub. L. 103–382, § 534(2), (3), added subsec. (f) and redesignated former subsec. (f) as (g).
1986—Subsec. (b)(2). Pub. L. 99–396substituted “Guam, and the Northern Mariana Islands” for “and Guam” in provision authorizing an appropriation each fiscal year for the payment of $100,000 in addition to the sums appropriated for the States and Puerto Rico.
1985—Subsec. (f). Pub. L. 99–198added subsec. (f).
1977—Subsec. (e). Pub. L. 95–113added subsec. (e).
1972—Subsec. (b). Pub. L. 92–318designated existing provisions as par. (1) and added par. (2).
1962—Subsec. (b). Pub. L. 87–749, § 1(b), substituted “sums available” for “sums received”, and “1962” for “1953”, and struck out “, Alaska, Hawaii, Puerto Rico,” before “and the Federal Extension Service”, “such sums shall be” before “subject to the same requirement”, “, Alaska, Hawaii, and Puerto Rico as existed immediately prior to June 26, 1953” before “except that amounts heretofore”, and proviso which authorized Puerto Rico to receive the total initial amount set by Act Oct. 26, 1949, which amount was to be increased yearly until the total sum equalled the maximum amount set by such Act, and to receive such amount annually thereafter.
Subsec. (c)1. Pub. L. 87–749, § 1(c), provided that the allotment shall be to the Federal Extension Service for various services and for coordinating the extension work of the Department, States, Territories and Possessions, and struck out provisions which required the Secretary to allot the funds among the States, Alaska, Hawaii, and Puerto Rico according to special needs.
Subsec. (c)2. Pub. L. 87–749, § 1(d), substituted provisions authorizing 20 per centum of the remainder of the appropriated funds to be paid to the States in equal proportions, 40 per centum of such funds to be paid to the States in the proportion that the rural population of each bears to the total rural population of the States, and the balance to be paid the States in the proportion that the farm population of each bears to the total farm population of the States, for provisions paying 50 per centum of the remaining sum to the States, Alaska, Hawaii and Puerto Rico in the proportion that the rural population of each had to the total rural population of all, and the balance in the proportion that the farm population of each had to the farm population of all, and struck out “, Alaska, Hawaii, and Puerto Rico” from first proviso.
Subsec. (d). Pub. L. 87–749, § 1(e), inserted “additional” after “receive such”.
1953—Act June 26, 1953, amended section generally, and, among other changes: (1) divided section into subsections; (2) substituted general authorization for appropriations for former authorization for specific annual appropriations; (3) inserted references to Alaska, Hawaii, and Puerto Rico; and (4) substituted provisions relating to allotment and apportionment of appropriations for former provisions for such apportionment on basis of rural population, and farm population, as determined by latest census.
Effective Date of 2008 Amendment

Amendment of this section and repeal of Pub. L. 110–234by Pub. L. 110–246effective May 22, 2008, the date of enactment of Pub. L. 110–234, see section 4 ofPub. L. 110–246, set out as an Effective Date note under section 8701 of this title.
Effective Date of 1998 Amendment

Pub. L. 105–277, div. A, § 101(a) [title VII, § 753(f)], Oct. 21, 1998, 112 Stat. 2681, 2681–33, provided that: “The amendments made by this section [amending this section, sections 361c, 2204f, 4606, and 7621 of this title, and section 1642 of Title 16, Conservation] shall take effect on the date of enactment of the Agricultural Research, Extension, and Education Reform Act of 1998 [June 23, 1998].”
Effective Date of 1985 Amendment

Pub. L. 99–198, title XIV, § 1435(d),Dec. 23, 1985, 99 Stat. 1558, provided that: “This section and the amendments made by this section [amending this section and section 342 of this title] shall become effective on October 1, 1985.”
Effective Date of 1977 Amendment

Amendment by Pub. L. 95–113effective Oct. 1, 1977, see section 1901 ofPub. L. 95–113, set out as a note under section 1307 of this title.
Effective Date of 1972 Amendment

Amendment by Pub. L. 92–318effective after June 30, 1970, see section 506(n) ofPub. L. 92–318, set out as an Effective Date note under section 326a of this title.

This is a list of parts within the Code of Federal Regulations for which this US Code section provides rulemaking authority.

This list is taken from the Parallel Table of Authorities and Rules provided by GPO [Government Printing Office].

It is not guaranteed to be accurate or up-to-date, though we do refresh the database weekly. More limitations on accuracy are described at the GPO site.


7 CFR - Agriculture

7 CFR Part 15 - NONDISCRIMINATION

7 CFR Part 18 - EQUAL EMPLOYMENT OPPORTUNITY IN THE STATE COOPERATIVE EXTENSION SERVICES

 

LII has no control over and does not endorse any external Internet site that contains links to or references LII.