(1)United States agricultural exports have declined by more than 36 percent since 1981, from $43,800,000,000 in 1981 to $27,900,000,000 in 1987;
(2)the United States share of the world market for agricultural commodities and products has dropped by 20 percent during the last 6 years;
(3)for the first time in 15 years, the United States incurred monthly agricultural trade deficits in 1986;
(4)the loss of $1,000,000,000 in United States agricultural exports causes the loss of 35,000 agricultural jobs and the loss of 60,000 nonagricultural jobs;
(5)the loss of agricultural exports threatens family farms and the economic well-being of rural communities in the United States;
(6)factors contributing to the loss of United States agricultural exports include changes in world agricultural markets such as—
(A)the addition of new exporting nations;
(B)innovations in agricultural technology;
(C)increased use of export subsidies designed to lower the price of commodities on the world market;
(D)the existence of barriers to agricultural trade;
(E)the slowdown in the growth of world food demand in the 1980’s due to cyclical economic factors, including currency fluctuations and a debt-related slowdown in the economic growth of agricultural markets in certain developing countries; and
(F)the rapid buildup of surplus stocks as a consequence of favorable weather for agricultural production during the 1980’s;
(7)increasing the volume and value of exports is important to the financial well-being of the farm sector in the United States and to increasing farm income in the United States;
(8)in order to increase agricultural exports and improve prices for farmers and ranchers in the United States, it is necessary that all agricultural export programs of the United States be used in an expeditious manner, including programs established under the Food for Peace Act (7 U.S.C. 1691 et seq.), the Commodity Credit Corporation Charter Act (15 U.S.C. 714 et seq.), and section 416 of the Agricultural Act of 1949 (7 U.S.C. 1431);
(9)greater use should be made by the Secretary of Agriculture of the authorities established under section 4  of the Food for Peace Act of 1966 (7 U.S.C. 1707a), the Food for Peace Act (7 U.S.C. 1691 et seq.), section 416 of the Agricultural Act of 1949 (7 U.S.C. 1431), and the Commodity Credit Corporation Charter Act (15 U.S.C. 714 et seq.) to provide intermediate credit financing and other assistance for the establishment of facilities in importing countries to—
(A)improve the handling, marketing, processing, storage, and distribution of imported agricultural commodities and products; and
(B)increase livestock production to enhance the demand for United States feed grains;
(10)food aid and export assistance programs in developing countries stimulate economic activity which causes incomes to rise, and, as incomes rise, diets improve and the demand for and ability to purchase food increases;
(11)private voluntary organizations and cooperatives are important and successful partners in our food aid and development programs; and
(12)in addition to meeting humanitarian needs, food aid used in sales and barter programs by private voluntary organizations and cooperatives—
(A)provides communities with health care, credit systems, and tools for development; and
(B)establishes the infrastructure that is essential to the expansion of markets for United States agricultural commodities and products.
The Food for Peace Act, referred to in pars. (8) and (9), is act July 10, 1954, ch. 469, 68 Stat. 454, which is classified generally to chapter 41 (§ 1691 et seq.) of this title. For complete classification of this Act to the Code, see Short Title note set out under section
1691 of this title and Tables.
The Commodity Credit Corporation Charter Act, referred to in pars. (8) and (9), is act June 29, 1948, ch. 704, 62 Stat. 1070, as amended, which is classified generally to subchapter II (§ 714 et seq.) of chapter
15 of Title
15, Commerce and Trade. For complete classification of this Act to the Code, see Short Title note set out under section
714 of Title
15 and Tables.
Section 4 of the Food for Peace Act of 1966 (7 U.S.C. 1707a), referred to in par. (9), was repealed by Pub. L. 101–624, title XV, § 1574,Nov. 28, 1990, 104 Stat. 3702. See subchapter II (§ 5621 et seq.) of chapter
87 of this title.
2008—Pars. (8), (9). Pub. L. 110–246substituted “Food for Peace Act” for “Agricultural Trade Development and Assistance Act of 1954”.
The table below lists the classification updates, since Jan. 3, 2012, for this section. Updates to a broader range of sections may be found at the update page for containing chapter, title, etc.
The most recent Classification Table update that we have noticed was Tuesday, August 13, 2013
An empty table indicates that we see no relevant changes listed in the classification tables. If you suspect that our system may be missing something, please double-check with the Office of the Law Revision Counsel.
Description of Change
Statutes at Large
LII has no control over and does not endorse any external Internet site that contains links to or references LII.