7 U.S. Code § 8313 - Penalties

(a) Criminal penalties
(1) Offenses
(A) In general
A person that knowingly violates this chapter, or knowingly forges, counterfeits, or, without authority from the Secretary, uses, alters, defaces, or destroys any certificate, permit, or other document provided for in this chapter shall be fined under title 18, imprisoned not more than 1 year, or both.
(B) Distribution or sale
A person that knowingly imports, enters, exports, or moves any animal or article, for distribution or sale, in violation of this chapter, shall be fined under title 18, imprisoned not more than 5 years, or both.
(2) Multiple violations
On the second and any subsequent conviction of a person of a violation of this chapter under paragraph (1), the person shall be fined under title 18, imprisoned not more than 10 years, or both.
(b) Civil penalties
(1) In general
Except as provided in section 8309 (d) of this title, any person that violates this chapter, or that forges, counterfeits, or, without authority from the Secretary, uses, alters, defaces, or destroys any certificate, permit, or other document provided under this chapter may, after notice and opportunity for a hearing on the record, be assessed a civil penalty by the Secretary that does not exceed the greater of—
(A)
(i) $50,000 in the case of any individual, except that the civil penalty may not exceed $1,000 in the case of an initial violation of this chapter by an individual moving regulated articles not for monetary gain;
(ii) $250,000 in the case of any other person for each violation; and
(iii) for all violations adjudicated in a single proceeding—
(I) $500,000 if the violations do not include a willful violation; or
(II) $1,000,000 if the violations include 1 or more willful violations.
(B) twice the gross gain or gross loss for any violation or forgery, counterfeiting, or unauthorized use, alteration, defacing or destruction of a certificate, permit, or other document provided under this chapter that results in the person’s deriving pecuniary gain or causing pecuniary loss to another person.
(2) Factors in determining civil penalty
In determining the amount of a civil penalty, the Secretary shall take into account the nature, circumstance, extent, and gravity of the violation or violations and the Secretary may consider, with respect to the violator—
(A) the ability to pay;
(B) the effect on ability to continue to do business;
(C) any history of prior violations;
(D) the degree of culpability; and
(E) such other factors as the Secretary considers to be appropriate.
(3) Settlement of civil penalties
The Secretary may compromise, modify, or remit, with or without conditions, any civil penalty that may be assessed under this subsection.
(4) Finality of orders
(A) Final order
The order of the Secretary assessing a civil penalty shall be treated as a final order reviewable under chapter 158 of title 28.
(B) Review
The validity of the order of the Secretary may not be reviewed in an action to collect the civil penalty.
(C) Interest
Any civil penalty not paid in full when due under an order assessing the civil penalty shall thereafter accrue interest until paid at the rate of interest applicable to civil judgments of the courts of the United States.
(c) Liability for acts of agents
In the construction and enforcement of this chapter, the act, omission, or failure of any officer, agent, or person acting for or employed by any other person within the scope of the employment or office of the officer, agent, or person, shall be deemed also to be the act, omission, or failure of the other person.
(d) Guidelines for civil penalties
Subject to the approval of the Attorney General, the Secretary shall establish guidelines to determine under what circumstances the Secretary may issue a civil penalty or suitable notice of warning in lieu of prosecution by the Attorney General of a violation of this chapter.

Source

(Pub. L. 107–171, title X, § 10414,May 13, 2002, 116 Stat. 504; Pub. L. 110–234, title XI, § 11012(a),May 22, 2008, 122 Stat. 1360; Pub. L. 110–246, § 4(a), title XI, § 11012(a),June 18, 2008, 122 Stat. 1664, 2122.)
References in Text

This chapter, referred to in text, was in the original “this subtitle”, meaning subtitle E (§§ 10401–10418) of title X of Pub. L. 107–171, May 13, 2002, 116 Stat. 494, which is classified principally to this chapter. For complete classification of subtitle E to the Code, see Short Title note set out under section 8301 of this title and Tables.
Codification

Pub. L. 110–234and Pub. L. 110–246made identical amendments to this section. The amendments by Pub. L. 110–234were repealed by section 4(a) ofPub. L. 110–246.
Amendments

2008—Subsec. (b)(1)(A)(iii). Pub. L. 110–246, § 11012(a), added cl. (iii) and struck out former cl. (iii) which read as follows: “$500,000 for all violations adjudicated in a single proceeding; or”.
Effective Date of 2008 Amendment

Amendment of this section and repeal of Pub. L. 110–234by Pub. L. 110–246effective May 22, 2008, the date of enactment of Pub. L. 110–234, see section 4 ofPub. L. 110–246, set out as an Effective Date note under section 8701 of this title.
Transfer of Functions

For transfer of functions of the Secretary of Agriculture relating to agricultural import and entry inspection activities under this chapter to the Secretary of Homeland Security, and for treatment of related references, see sections 231, 551 (d), 552 (d), and 557 of Title 6, Domestic Security, and the Department of Homeland Security Reorganization Plan of November 25, 2002, as modified, set out as a note under section 542 of Title 6.

The table below lists the classification updates, since Jan. 3, 2012, for this section. Updates to a broader range of sections may be found at the update page for containing chapter, title, etc.

The most recent Classification Table update that we have noticed was Tuesday, August 13, 2013

An empty table indicates that we see no relevant changes listed in the classification tables. If you suspect that our system may be missing something, please double-check with the Office of the Law Revision Counsel.

7 USCDescription of ChangeSession YearPublic LawStatutes at Large

This is a list of parts within the Code of Federal Regulations for which this US Code section provides rulemaking authority.

This list is taken from the Parallel Table of Authorities and Rules provided by GPO [Government Printing Office].

It is not guaranteed to be accurate or up-to-date, though we do refresh the database weekly. More limitations on accuracy are described at the GPO site.


7 CFR - Agriculture

7 CFR Part 1 - ADMINISTRATIVE REGULATIONS

7 CFR Part 330 - FEDERAL PLANT PEST REGULATIONS; GENERAL; PLANT PESTS; SOIL, STONE, AND QUARRY PRODUCTS; GARBAGE

7 CFR Part 354 - OVERTIME SERVICES RELATING TO IMPORTS AND EXPORTS; AND USER FEES

9 CFR - Animals and Animal Products

9 CFR Part 49 - RULES OF PRACTICE GOVERNING PROCEEDINGS UNDER CERTAIN ACTS

9 CFR Part 50 - ANIMALS DESTROYED BECAUSE OF TUBERCULOSIS

9 CFR Part 51 - ANIMALS DESTROYED BECAUSE OF BRUCELLOSIS

9 CFR Part 52 - SWINE DESTROYED BECAUSE OF PSEUDORABIES

9 CFR Part 53 - FOOT-AND-MOUTH DISEASE, PLEUROPNEUMONIA, RINDERPEST, AND CERTAIN OTHER COMMUNICABLE DISEASES OF LIVESTOCK OR POULTRY

9 CFR Part 54 - CONTROL OF SCRAPIE

9 CFR Part 55 - CONTROL OF CHRONIC WASTING DISEASE

9 CFR Part 56 - CONTROL OF H5/H7 LOW PATHOGENIC AVIAN INFLUENZA

9 CFR Part 70 - RULES OF PRACTICE GOVERNING PROCEEDINGS UNDER CERTAIN ACTS

9 CFR Part 71 - GENERAL PROVISIONS

9 CFR Part 72 - TEXAS (SPLENETIC) FEVER IN CATTLE

9 CFR Part 73 - SCABIES IN CATTLE

9 CFR Part 74 - PROHIBITION OF INTERSTATE MOVEMENT OF LAND TORTOISES

9 CFR Part 75 - COMMUNICABLE DISEASES IN HORSES, ASSES, PONIES, MULES, AND ZEBRAS

9 CFR Part 77 - TUBERCULOSIS

9 CFR Part 78 - BRUCELLOSIS

9 CFR Part 79 - SCRAPIE IN SHEEP AND GOATS

9 CFR Part 80 - JOHNE'S DISEASE IN DOMESTIC ANIMALS

9 CFR Part 81 - CHRONIC WASTING DISEASE IN DEER, ELK, AND MOOSE

9 CFR Part 82 - EXOTIC NEWCASTLE DISEASE (END) AND CHLAMYDI-OSIS

9 CFR Part 83 - VIRAL HEMORRHAGIC SEPTICEMIA

9 CFR Part 85 - PSEUDORABIES

9 CFR Part 91 - INSPECTION AND HANDLING OF LIVESTOCK FOR EXPORTATION

9 CFR Part 92 - IMPORTATION OF ANIMALS AND ANIMAL PRODUCTS: PROCEDURES FOR REQUESTING RECOGNITION OF REGIONS

9 CFR Part 93 - IMPORTATION OF CERTAIN ANIMALS, BIRDS, FISH, AND POULTRY, AND CERTAIN ANIMAL, BIRD, AND POULTRY PRODUCTS; REQUIREMENTS FOR MEANS OF CONVEYANCE AND SHIPPING CONTAINERS

9 CFR Part 94 - RINDERPEST, FOOT-AND-MOUTH DISEASE, EXOTIC NEWCASTLE DISEASE, AFRICAN SWINE FEVER, CLASSICAL SWINE FEVER, SWINE VESICULAR DISEASE, AND BOVINE SPONGIFORM ENCEPHALOPATHY: PROHIBITED AND RESTRICTED IMPORTATIONS

9 CFR Part 95 - SANITARY CONTROL OF ANIMAL BYPRODUCTS (EXCEPT CASINGS), AND HAY AND STRAW, OFFERED FOR ENTRY INTO THE UNITED STATES

9 CFR Part 96 - RESTRICTION OF IMPORTATIONS OF FOREIGN ANIMAL CASINGS OFFERED FOR ENTRY INTO THE UNITED STATES

9 CFR Part 97 - OVERTIME SERVICES RELATING TO IMPORTS AND EXPORTS

9 CFR Part 98 - IMPORTATION OF CERTAIN ANIMAL EMBRYOS AND ANIMAL SEMEN

9 CFR Part 99 - RULES OF PRACTICE GOVERNING PROCEEDINGS UNDER CERTAIN ACTS

9 CFR Part 122 - ORGANISMS AND VECTORS

9 CFR Part 123 - RULES OF PRACTICE GOVERNING PROCEEDINGS UNDER THE VIRUS-SERUM-TOXIN ACT

9 CFR Part 130 - USER FEES

9 CFR Part 145 - NATIONAL POULTRY IMPROVEMENT PLAN FOR BREEDING POULTRY

9 CFR Part 146 - NATIONAL POULTRY IMPROVEMENT PLAN FOR COMMERCIAL POULTRY

9 CFR Part 147 - AUXILIARY PROVISIONS ON NATIONAL POULTRY IMPROVEMENT PLAN

9 CFR Part 149 - VOLUNTARY TRICHINAE CERTIFICATION PROGRAM

9 CFR Part 160 - DEFINITION OF TERMS

9 CFR Part 161 - REQUIREMENTS AND STANDARDS FOR ACCREDITED VETERINARIANS AND SUSPENSION OR REVOCATION OF SUCH ACCREDITATION

9 CFR Part 162 - RULES OF PRACTICE GOVERNING REVOCATION OR SUSPENSION OF VETERINARIANS' ACCREDITATION

 

LII has no control over and does not endorse any external Internet site that contains links to or references LII.