19 U.S. Code § 1332 - Investigations

(a) Investigations and reports
It shall be the duty of the commission to investigate the administration and fiscal and industrial effects of the customs laws of this country, the relations between the rates of duty on raw materials and finished or partly finished products, the effects of ad valorem and specific duties and of compound specific and ad valorem duties, all questions relative to the arrangement of schedules and classification of articles in the several schedules of the customs law, and, in general, to investigate the operation of customs laws, including their relation to the Federal revenues, their effect upon the industries and labor of the country, and to submit reports of its investigations as hereafter provided.
(b) Investigations of tariff relations
The commission shall have power to investigate the tariff relations between the United States and foreign countries, commercial treaties, preferential provisions, economic alliances, the effect of export bounties and preferential transportation rates, the volume of importations compared with domestic production and consumption, and conditions, causes, and effects relating to competition of foreign industries with those of the United States, including dumping and cost of production.
(c) Investigation of Paris Economy Pact
The commission shall have power to investigate the Paris Economy Pact and similar organizations and arrangements in Europe.
(d) Information for President and Congress
In order that the President and the Congress may secure information and assistance, it shall be the duty of the commission to—
(1) Ascertain conversion costs and costs of production in the principal growing, producing, or manufacturing centers of the United States of articles of the United States, whenever in the opinion of the commission it is practicable;
(2) Ascertain conversion costs and costs of production in the principal growing, producing, or manufacturing centers of foreign countries of articles imported into the United States, whenever in the opinion of the commission such conversion costs or costs of production are necessary for comparison with conversion costs or costs of production in the United States and can be reasonably ascertained;
(3) Select and describe articles which are representative of the classes or kinds of articles imported into the United States and which are similar to or comparable with articles of the United States; select and describe articles of the United States similar to or comparable with such imported articles; and obtain and file samples of articles so selected, whenever the commission deems it advisable;
(4) Ascertain import costs of such representative articles so selected;
(5) Ascertain the grower’s, producer’s, or manufacturer’s selling prices in the principal growing, producing, or manufacturing centers of the United States of the articles of the United States so selected; and
(6) Ascertain all other facts which will show the differences in or which affect competition between articles of the United States and imported articles in the principal markets of the United States.
(e) Definitions
When used in this subdivision and in subdivision (d) of this section—
(1) The term “article” includes any commodity, whether grown, produced, fabricated, manipulated, or manufactured;
(2) The term “import cost” means the transaction value of the imported merchandise determined in accordance with section 1401a (b) of this title plus, when not included in the transaction value, all necessary expenses, exclusive of customs duties, of bringing such merchandise to the United States.
(f) Omitted
(g) Reports to President and Congress
The commission shall put at the disposal of the President of the United States, the Committee on Ways and Means of the House of Representatives, and the Committee on Finance of the Senate, whenever requested, all information at its command, and shall make such investigations and reports as may be requested by the President or by either of said committees or by either branch of the Congress. However, the Commission may not release information which the Commission considers to be confidential business information unless the party submitting the confidential business information had notice, at the time of submission, that such information would be released by the Commission, or such party subsequently consents to the release of the information. The Commission shall report to Congress on the first Monday of December of each year after June 17, 1930, a statement of the methods adopted and all expenses incurred, a summary of all reports made during the year, and a list of all votes taken by the commission during the year, showing those commissioners voting in the affirmative and the negative on each vote and those commissioners not voting on each vote and the reasons for not voting. Each such annual report shall include a list of all complaints filed under section 1337 of this title during the year for which such report is being made, the date on which each such complaint was filed, and the action taken thereon, and the status of all investigations conducted by the commission under such section during such year and the date on which each such investigation was commenced.

Source

(June 17, 1930, ch. 497, title III, § 332,46 Stat. 698; Pub. L. 93–618, title I, § 173, title III, § 341(b),Jan. 3, 1975, 88 Stat. 2010, 2056; Pub. L. 96–39, title II, § 202(a)(1),July 26, 1979, 93 Stat. 201; Pub. L. 100–418, title I, § 1613,Aug. 23, 1988, 102 Stat. 1262; Pub. L. 100–647, title IX, § 9001(a)(16),Nov. 10, 1988, 102 Stat. 3808.)
Codification

Subsec. (f) directed the Tariff Commission to ascertain the cost of crude petroleum during three years preceding 1930.
Prior Provisions

Provisions similar to subsecs. (a), (b), and (g) were contained in act Sept. 8, 1916, ch. 463, §§ 702 to 704,39 Stat. 796. Those sections were superseded by section 332 of act June 17, 1930, comprising this section.
Provisions similar to those in subdiv. (c) were contained in act Sept. 8, 1916, ch. 463, § 708,39 Stat. 798. That section was superseded by section 332 of act June 17, 1930, comprising this section.
Provisions similar to subdivs. (d) and (e) were contained in act Sept. 21, 1922, ch. 356, title III, § 318,42 Stat. 947. Section 318 of act 1922 was superseded by section 332 of act June 17, 1930, comprising this section, and repealed by section 651(a)(1) of said 1930 act.
Act Oct. 3, 1913, ch. 16, § IV, R, 38 Stat. 201, directed President to ascertain certain facts and report to Congress when imports amounted to less than 5 per centum of domestic consumption, prior to repeal by act Sept. 21, 1922, ch. 356, title III, § 321,42 Stat. 947.
Amendments

1988—Subsec. (g). Pub. L. 100–647substituted “report to Congress on the first” for “report to Congress. on the first”.
Pub. L. 100–418substituted “. However, the Commission may not release information which the Commission considers to be confidential business information unless the party submitting the confidential business information had notice, at the time of submission, that such information would be released by the Commission, or such party subsequently consents to the release of the information. The Commission shall report to Congress.” for “, and shall report to Congress”.
1979—Subsec. (e)(2). Pub. L. 96–39substituted “the transaction value of the imported merchandise determined in accordance with section 1401a (b) of this title plus, when not included in the transaction value, all necessary expenses, exclusive of customs duties, of bringing such merchandise to the United States” for “the price at which an article is freely offered for sale in the ordinary course of trade in the usual wholesale quantities for exportation to the United States plus, when not included in such price, all necessary expenses, exclusive of customs duties, of bringing such imported article to the United States”.
1975—Subsec. (g). Pub. L. 93–618substituted “a summary of all reports made during the year, and a list of all votes taken by the commission during the year, showing those commissioners voting in the affirmative and the negative on each vote and those commissioners not voting on each vote and the reasons for not voting” for “and a summary of all reports made during the year”, and inserted last sentence relating to complaints included in annual reports.
Effective Date of 1988 Amendment

Amendment by Pub. L. 100–647applicable as if such amendment took effect on Aug. 23, 1988, see section 9001(b) ofPub. L. 100–647, set out as an Effective and Termination Dates of 1988 Amendments note under section 58c of this title.
Effective Date of 1979 Amendment

Amendment by Pub. L. 96–39effective July 1, 1980, see section 204(a) ofPub. L. 96–39, set out as a note under section 1401a of this title.
Effective Date of 1975 Amendment

Amendment by Pub. L. 93–618effective on 90th day after Jan. 3, 1975, see section 341(c) ofPub. L. 93–618, set out as a note under section 1337 of this title.
Termination of Reporting Requirements

For termination, effective May 15, 2000, of provisions in subsec. (g) relating to an annual report to Congress on the first Monday of December of each year, see section 3003 ofPub. L. 104–66, set out as a note under section 1113 of Title 31, Money and Finance, and page 194 of House Document No. 103–7.
Delegation of Functions

Functions of President under subsec. (g) of this section regarding reports by United States International Trade Commission to President delegated to United States Trade Representative, see section 5–301 of Ex. Ord. No. 12661, Dec. 27, 1988, 54 F.R. 779, set out as a note under section 2901 of this title.
Continuation of Reports With Respect to Synthetic Organic Chemicals

Pub. L. 95–106, § 5,Aug. 17, 1977, 91 Stat. 869, directed International Trade Commission to make, for each calendar year ending before Jan. 1, 1981, reports with respect to synthetic organic chemicals similar in scope to reports made with respect to such chemicals for calendar year 1976.
Review of Customs Tariff Schedules

Act Sept. 1, 1954, ch. 1213, title I, § 101,68 Stat. 1136, as amended Aug. 2, 1956, ch. 894, 70 Stat. 955; May 19, 1958, Pub. L. 85–418, § 3, 72 Stat. 120, provided for a complete study by the Tariff Commission for the purpose of clarifying and simplifying the tariff classification, with a report to go to the President and to the chairmen of the appropriate committees of Congress no later than Jan. 1, 1959. See section 1332 of this title.

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19 USCDescription of ChangeSession YearPublic LawStatutes at Large

 

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