22 U.S. Code § 2385 - Employment of personnel

(a) Authorization
Any agency or officer of the United States Government carrying out functions under this chapter is authorized to employ such personnel as the President deems necessary to carry out the provisions and purposes of this chapter.
(b) Appointments excepted from civil-service laws; supergrade positions; reinstatement
Of the personnel employed in the United States to carry out subchapter I of this chapter or coordinate subchapter I and subchapter II of this chapter, not to exceed one hundred and ten may be appointed, compensated, or removed without regard to the provisions of any law, of whom not to exceed fifty-one may be compensated at rates higher than those provided for grade 15 of the general schedule established by section 5332 of title 5, but not in excess of the highest rate of grade 18 of such general schedule: Provided, That, under such regulations as the President shall prescribe, officers and employees of the United States Government who are appointed to any of the above positions may be entitled, upon removal from such position, to reinstatement to the position occupied at the time of appointment or to a position of comparable grade and salary. Such positions shall be in addition to those authorized by law to be filled by Presidential appointment, and in addition to the number authorized by section 5108 of title 5.
(c) Additional supergrade positions
Of the personnel employed in the United States to carry out subchapter II of this chapter, or any Act superseding subchapter II of this chapter in whole or in part, not to exceed eight may be compensated at rates higher than those provided for grade 15 of the general schedule established by section 5332 of title 5, but not in excess of the highest rate of grade 18 of such general schedule. Such positions shall be in addition to those authorized by law to be filled by Presidential appointment, and in addition to the number authorized by section 5108 of title 5.
(d) Employment or assignment of officers and employees to perform functions outside United States
For the purpose of performing functions under this chapter outside the United States, the President may employ or assign individuals, or may authorize the employment or assignment of officers or employees by agencies of the United States Government which are not authorized to utilize the Foreign Service personnel system, who shall receive compensation at any of the rates provided for under section 402 orsection 403 of the Foreign Service Act of 1980 [22 U.S.C. 3962, 3963], or under chapter 53 of title 5, or at any other rate authorized by law, together with allowances and benefits under the Foreign Service Act of 1980 [22 U.S.C. 3901 et seq.]. Individuals so employed or assigned shall be entitled, except to the extent that the President may specify otherwise in cases in which the period of employment or assignment exceeds thirty months, to the same benefits as are provided by section 310 of that Act [22 U.S.C. 3950] for individuals appointed to the Foreign Service.
(e) Repealed. Pub. L. 96–465, title II, § 2205(8),Oct. 17, 1980, 94 Stat. 2160
(f) Funds for personnel services
Funds provided for in agreements with foreign countries for the furnishing of services under this chapter with respect to specific projects shall be deemed to be obligated for the services of personnel employed by agencies of the United States Government (other than the agencies primarily responsible for administering subchapter I or II of this chapter) as well as personnel not employed by the United States Government.
(g) Repealed. Pub. L. 96–465, title II, § 2205(8),Oct. 17, 1980, 94 Stat. 2160
(h) Acceptance of compensation or other benefits from foreign countries; arrangements for reimbursement
Notwithstanding any other provision of law, officers and employees of the United States Government performing functions under this chapter shall not accept from any foreign country any compensation or other benefits. Arrangements may be made by the President with such countries for reimbursement to the United States Government or other sharing of the cost of performing such functions.
(i) Assignment based on competency
To the maximum extent practicable officers and employees performing functions under this chapter abroad shall be assigned to countries and positions for which they have special competence, such as appropriate language and practical experience.
(j) Reemployment of annuitants under the Civil Service Retirement System and the Federal Employees’ Retirement System
(1)
(A) To facilitate the assignment of persons to Iraq, Pakistan, and Afghanistan or to posts vacated by members of the Service assigned to Iraq, Pakistan, and Afghanistan, the Administrator of the United States Agency for International Development may waive the application of the provisions of section 8344 or 8468 of title 5 on a case-by-case basis for employment of an annuitant in a position in the United States Agency for International Development for which there is exceptional difficulty in recruiting or retaining a qualified employee, or when a temporary emergency hiring need exists.
(B) The authority of the Administrator under subparagraph (A) shall terminate on October 1, 2010. An annuitant reemployed pursuant to such authority prior to such termination date may be employed for a period ending not later than one year after such date.
(2) The Administrator should prescribe procedures for the exercise of any authority under this subsection, including criteria for any exercise of authority and procedures for a delegation of authority.
(3) An employee for whom a waiver under this section is in effect shall not be considered an employee for purposes of subchapter III of chapter 83, or chapter 84 of title 5.

Source

(Pub. L. 87–195, pt. III, § 625,Sept. 4, 1961, 75 Stat. 449; Pub. L. 87–565, pt. III, § 302(c),Aug. 1, 1962, 76 Stat. 262; Pub. L. 87–793, pt. II, § 1001(k),Oct. 11, 1962, 76 Stat. 865; Pub. L. 88–663, pt. III, § 302(a),Oct. 7, 1964, 78 Stat. 1014; Pub. L. 89–171, pt. III, § 302(c),Sept. 6, 1965, 79 Stat. 660; Pub. L. 90–137, pt. III, § 302(b)–(d), Nov. 14, 1967, 81 Stat. 460; Pub. L. 90–554, title III, § 302(c),Oct. 8, 1968, 82 Stat. 965; Pub. L. 93–189, § 16,Dec. 17, 1973, 87 Stat. 722; Pub. L. 95–88, title I, § 125,Aug. 3, 1977, 91 Stat. 542; Pub. L. 96–465, title II, §§ 2203(a), 2205(8),Oct. 17, 1980, 94 Stat. 2158, 2160; Pub. L. 97–113, title VII, § 703,Dec. 29, 1981, 95 Stat. 1544; Pub. L. 109–234, title I, § 1602(b)(2),June 15, 2006, 120 Stat. 442; Pub. L. 111–32, title XI, § 1115(c)(3),June 24, 2009, 123 Stat. 1905.)
References in Text

This chapter, referred to in subsecs. (a), (d), (f), (h), and (i), was in the original “this Act”, meaning Pub. L. 87–195, Sept. 4, 1961, 75 Stat. 424, as amended, known as the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961. For complete classification of this Act to the Code, see Short Title note set out under section 2151 of this title and Tables.
The Foreign Service Act of 1980, referred to in subsec. (d), is Pub. L. 96–465, Oct. 17, 1980, 94 Stat. 2071, which is classified principally to chapter 52 (§ 3901 et seq.) of this title. For complete classification of this Act to the Code, see Short Title note set out under section 3901 of this title and Tables.
References to Subchapter I Deemed To Include Certain Parts of Subchapter II, and References to Subchapter II Deemed To Exclude Such Parts

References to subchapter I of this chapter are deemed to include parts IV (§ 2346 et seq.), VI (§ 2348 et seq.), and VIII (§ 2349aa et seq.) of subchapter II of this chapter, and references to subchapter II are deemed to exclude such parts. See section 202(b) ofPub. L. 92–226, set out as a note under section 2346 of this title, and sections 2348c and 2349aa–5 of this title.
Amendments

2009—Subsec. (j)(1)(A). Pub. L. 111–32inserted “, Pakistan,” after “Iraq” in two places.
Subsec. (j)(1)(B). Pub. L. 111–32substituted “2010” for “2008”.
2006—Subsec. (j). Pub. L. 109–234added subsec. (j).
1981—Subsec. (d). Pub. L. 97–113substituted “or under chapter 53 of title 5, or at any other rate authorized by law, together with allowances and benefits under the Foreign Service Act of 1980” for “together with allowances and benefits under that Act”.
1980—Subsec. (d). Pub. L. 96–465, § 2203(a), substituted references to the Foreign Service Act of 1980, for references to the Foreign Service Act of 1946, and struck out provisions relating to the applicability of section 1005 of the Foreign Service Act of 1946 and relating to the utilization of Presidential authority under the Foreign Service Act of 1946 to carry out the functions of this chapter.
Subsec. (e). Pub. L. 96–465, § 2205(8), struck out subsec. (e) which set forth requirement of standards or other criteria for maintenance of adequate performance levels for personnel. See sections 4007 and 4008 of this title.
Subsec. (g). Pub. L. 96–465, § 2205(8), struck out subsec. (g) which related to competency in foreign languages. See section 4022 of this title.
Subsec. (j). Pub. L. 96–465, § 2205(8), struck out subsec. (j) which related to appointment and compensation of an Inter-American Committee representative.
Subsec. (k). Pub. L. 96–465, § 2205(8), struck out subsec. (k) which related to applicability, etc., of Foreign Service Retirement and Disability System. See sections 3922 and 4043 of this title.
1977—Subsec. (d)(2). Pub. L. 95–88struck out a numerical limitation of fifty on the number of persons which the President may assign, at any one time, to duty within the United States for the purpose of preparation for assignments outside the United States.
1973—Subsec. (k). Pub. L. 93–189added subsec. (k).
1968—Subsec. (c). Pub. L. 90–554inserted “or any Act superseding subchapter II of this chapter in whole or in part” after “to carry out subchapter II of this chapter”.
1967—Subsecs. (b), (c). Pub. L. 90–137, § 302(b), (c), substituted references to section 5332 of title 5 for former references to the Classification Act of 1949, as amended, and to section 5108 for former section 1105 of title 5.
Subsec. (d)(2). Pub. L. 90–137, § 302(d), authorized an increase in the assignment of foreign personnel from forty to fifty persons.
1965—Subsec. (d)(2). Pub. L. 89–171substituted “forty” for “twenty”.
1964—Subsec. (d)(2). Pub. L. 88–633, § 302(a)(1), substituted “the assignment to such duty of more than twenty persons at any one time” for “more than thirty persons in the aggregate”.
Subsec. (j). Pub. L. 88–633, § 302(a)(2), added subsec. (j).
1962—Subsec. (b). Pub. L. 87–793, § 1001(k)(1), substituted “but not in excess of the highest rate of grade 18 of such general schedule” for “and of these, not to exceed eight may be compensated at a rate in excess of the highest rate provided for grades of such general schedule but not in excess of $19,000 per year”.
Pub. L. 87–565, § 302(c)(1), substituted “one hundred and ten” for “seventy-six”.
Subsec. (c). Pub. L. 87–793, § 1001(k)(2), substituted “but not in excess of the highest rate of grade 18 of such general schedule” for “and of these, not to exceed three may be compensated at a rate in excess of the highest rate provided for grades of such general schedule but not in excess of $19,000 per year”.
Subsec. (d)(2). Pub. L. 87–565, § 302(c)(2), authorized the President to initially assign personnel, not exceeding 30 persons in the aggregate, for duty within the United States for a period not exceeding two years for preparation for duty outside the United States.
Subsec. (f). Pub. L. 87–565, § 302(c)(3), inserted “with respect to specific projects”, and “agencies of”, and excluded services of employees of agencies primarily responsible for administering subchapter I or II of this chapter from the purview of this subsection.
Effective Date of 1980 Amendment

Amendment of subsec. (d) and repeal of subsecs. (e), (g), and (j) by Pub. L. 96–465effective Feb. 15, 1981, except as otherwise provided, see section 2403 ofPub. L. 96–465, set out as an Effective Date note under section 3901 of this title.
Repeal of subsec. (k) by Pub. L. 96–465effective Oct. 17, 1980, see Pub. L. 96–465, title II, § 2403(d)(1),Oct. 17, 1980, 94 Stat. 2169.
Effective Date of 1962 Amendment

Amendment by Pub. L. 87–793effective on first day of first pay period which begins on or after Oct. 11, 1962, see Pub. L. 87–793, pt. II, § 1008,Oct. 11, 1962, 76 Stat. 868.
Delegation of Functions

For delegation of functions of President under this section, see Ex. Ord. No. 12163, Sept. 29, 1979, 44 F.R. 56673, as amended, set out as a note under section 2381 of this title.
Extension of Authority

Pub. L. 113–76, div. K, title VII, § 7034(m)(6),Jan. 17, 2014, 128 Stat. 515, provided that: “Section 625(j)(1) of the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961 (22 U.S.C. 2385 (j)(1)) shall be applied by substituting ‘September 30, 2014’ for ‘October 1, 2010’ in subparagraph (B).”
Prior extensions were contained in the following prior acts:
Pub. L. 112–74, div. I, title VII, § 7034(m)(6),Dec. 23, 2011, 125 Stat. 1216.
References in Other Laws to GS–16, 17, or 18 Pay Rates

References in laws to the rates of pay for GS–16, 17, or 18, or to maximum rates of pay under the General Schedule, to be considered references to rates payable under specified sections of Title 5, Government Organization and Employees, see section 529 [title I, § 101(c)(1)] of Pub. L. 101–509, set out in a note under section 5376 of Title 5.
Entitlement to Benefits for Services Performed Outside United States; Service Exceeding Thirty Months

Persons appointed, employed, or assigned after May 19, 1959, under former section 1787 (c) of this title or subsec. (d) of this section for the purpose of performing functions under the Mutual Security Act of 1954 (see Short Title note set out under section 1754 of this title) and this chapter, outside the United States, shall not, unless otherwise agreed by the agency in which such benefits may be exercised, be entitled to the benefits provided for by section 3950 of this title in cases in which their service under the appointment, employment, or assignment exceeds thirty months, see Ex. Ord. No. 12163, § 1–602(b), Sept. 29, 1979, 44 F.R. 56677, as amended, set out as a note under section 2381 of this title.

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5 CFR - Administrative Personnel

5 CFR Part 352 - REEMPLOYMENT RIGHTS

32 CFR - National Defense

32 CFR Part 744 - POLICIES AND PROCEDURES FOR THE PROTECTION OF PROPRIETARY RIGHTS IN TECHNICAL INFORMATION PROPOSED FOR RELEASE TO FOREIGN GOVERNMENTS

 

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