10 CFR § 626.7 - Acquiring petroleum products by exchange.
(a) General. DOE may, through certified contracting officers, conduct petroleum product acquisitions through the exchange of petroleum products. Exchanges are conducted through emergency requests or by solicitation.
(b) Emergency requests.
(3) All requests shall include the following:
(i) A justification of need that describes:
(A) The emergency event,
(B) The emergency event's impact on the requestor, and
(C) The requestor's inability to acquire petroleum product from an alternative source;
(ii) The quantity of petroleum product (in barrels) requested;
(iii) The quality specifications of petroleum product requested; and
(iv) The anticipated duration of the emergency event.
(4) Upon receipt of an emergency request, DOE will verify the emergency, evaluate the need, and assess the market to ensure there is no alternative source of petroleum products available to the requester. DOE, in its sole discretion, may approve or disapprove any emergency request.
(6) Repayment to the SPR for an exchange by emergency request shall be in the form of barrels of petroleum products, or another form of repayment as permitted by law, and shall include the following to be returned to the SPR by the contracted date:
(ii) A premium; and
(iii) Costs incurred by DOE in conducting the emergency request.
(c) Solicitation for exchange.
(1) A solicitation for exchange:
(i) May be either continuously open or fixed for a period of time;
(ii) Shall advertise the quantity and quality specification of petroleum product available for exchange;
(iii) May provide either for immediate delivery or for delivery at future dates to a bidding entity;
(iv) May, in DOE's sole discretion, include a rate table from which offerors may offer dates for repayment; and
(v) May require financial guarantees from offerors in the form of a letter of credit or equivalent financial assurance to accompany their bids.
(2) In conducting the bidding and selection process:
(i) Offerors shall follow the instructions to offerors included in the solicitation;
(ii) DOE shall evaluate and select bids that best support national energy security goals, the availability of petroleum products and storage capacity, and need for specific grades and quantities of petroleum products; and
(iii) Upon selection of a successful bid, DOE shall notify the apparently successful offeror.
(3) Repayment to the SPR for an exchange by solicitation shall be in the form of barrels of petroleum products or another form of repayment as permitted by law, and may be calculated based on any rate table, if applicable, and shall include the following:
(i) Principal amount of petroleum product owed to SPR in the case of an exchange or a deferred contractually scheduled delivery;
(iii) A premium for each prospective date for repayment.
(4) Based on the market analysis described in paragraph (c)(5) of this section, DOE may refuse offers, decrease the rate of acquisition, or suspend the exchange process if DOE determines acquisition will add significant upward pressure to prices either regionally or on a worldwide basis. DOE may consider recent price changes, private inventory levels, petroleum product acquisition by other stockpiling entities, the outlook for world petroleum products production, incipient disruptions of supply or refining capability, logistical problems for moving petroleum products, macroeconomic factors, and any other considerations that may be pertinent to the balance of petroleum product supply and demand.
(5) Market analysis:
(ii) DOE may consider prices on futures markets, spot markets, recent price movements, current and projected shipping rates, forecasts by the DOE Energy Information Administration, and any other analytic tools available to DOE to determine the most desirable purchase profile.
(iii) DOE may also consider factors including recent price changes, private inventory levels, petroleum product acquisition by other stockpiling entities, the outlook for world petroleum product production, disruptions of supply or refining capability, logistical problems for moving petroleum products, macroeconomic factors, and any other considerations that may be pertinent relevant to the balance of petroleum product supply and demand.