Federal Rules of Criminal Procedure

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(As amended to December 1, 2019)

  1. TITLE I. APPLICABILITY
    1. Rule 1. Scope; Definitions
    2. Rule 2. Interpretation
  2. TITLE II. PRELIMINARY PROCEEDINGS
    1. Rule 3. The Complaint
    2. Rule 4. Arrest Warrant or Summons on a Complaint
    3. Rule 4.1 Complaint, Warrant, or Summons by Telephone or Other Reliable Electronic Means
    4. Rule 5. Initial Appearance
    5. Rule 5.1 Preliminary Hearing
  3. TITLE III. THE GRAND JURY, THE INDICTMENT, AND THE INFORMATION
    1. Rule 6. The Grand Jury
    2. Rule 7. The Indictment and the Information
    3. Rule 8. Joinder of Offenses or Defendants
    4. Rule 9. Arrest Warrant or Summons on an Indictment or Information
  4. TITLE IV. ARRAIGNMENT AND PREPARATION FOR TRIAL
    1. Rule 10. Arraignment
    2. Rule 11. Pleas
    3. Rule 12. Pleadings and Pretrial Motions
    4. Rule 12.1 Notice of an Alibi Defense
    5. Rule 12.2 Notice of an Insanity Defense; Mental Examination
    6. Rule 12.3 Notice of a Public-Authority Defense
    7. Rule 12.4 Disclosure Statement
    8. Rule 13. Joint Trial of Separate Cases
    9. Rule 14. Relief from Prejudicial Joinder
    10. Rule 15. Depositions
    11. Rule 16. Discovery and Inspection
    12. Rule 16.1 Pretrial Discovery Conference; Request for Court Action
    13. Rule 17. Subpoena
    14. Rule 17.1 Pretrial Conference
  5. TITLE V. VENUE
    1. Rule 18. Place of Prosecution and Trial
    2. Rule 19. [Reserved]
    3. Rule 20. Transfer for Plea and Sentence
    4. Rule 21. Transfer for Trial
    5. Rule 22. [Transferred]
  6. TITLE VI. TRIAL
    1. Rule 23. Jury or Nonjury Trial
    2. Rule 24. Trial Jurors
    3. Rule 25. Judge's Disability
    4. Rule 26. Taking Testimony
    5. Rule 26.1 Foreign Law Determination
    6. Rule 26.2 Producing a Witness's Statement
    7. Rule 26.3 Mistrial
    8. Rule 27. Proving an Official Record
    9. Rule 28. Interpreters
    10. Rule 29. Motion for a Judgment of Acquittal
    11. Rule 29.1 Closing Argument
    12. Rule 30. Jury Instructions
    13. Rule 31. Jury Verdict
  7. TITLE VII. POST-CONVICTION PROCEDURES
    1. Rule 32. Sentencing and Judgment
    2. Rule 32.1 Revoking or Modifying Probation or Supervised Release
    3. Rule 32.2 Criminal Forfeiture
    4. Rule 33. New Trial
    5. Rule 34. Arresting Judgment
    6. Rule 35. Correcting or Reducing a Sentence
    7. Rule 36. Clerical Error
    8. Rule 37. Indicative Ruling on a Motion for Relief  That Is Barred by a Pending Appeal
    9. Rule 38. Staying a Sentence or a Disability
    10. Rule 39. [Reserved]
  8. TITLE VIII. SUPPLEMENTARY AND SPECIAL PROCEEDINGS
    1. Rule 40. Arrest for Failing to Appear in Another District or for Violating Conditions of Release Set in Another District
    2. Rule 41. Search and Seizure
    3. Rule 42. Criminal Contempt
  9. TITLE IX. GENERAL PROVISIONS
    1. Rule 43. Defendant's Presence
    2. Rule 44. Right to and Appointment of Counsel
    3. Rule 45. Computing and Extending Time
    4. Rule 46. Release from Custody; Supervising Detention
    5. Rule 47. Motions and Supporting Affidavits
    6. Rule 48. Dismissal
    7. Rule 49. Serving and Filing Papers
    8. Rule 49.1 Privacy Protection For Filings Made with the Court
    9. Rule 50. Prompt Disposition
    10. Rule 51. Preserving Claimed Error
    11. Rule 52. Harmless and Plain Error
    12. Rule 53. Courtroom Photographing and Broadcasting Prohibited
    13. Rule 54. [Transferred] 1
    14. Rule 55. Records
    15. Rule 56. When Court Is Open
    16. Rule 57. District Court Rules
    17. Rule 58. Petty Offenses and Other Misdemeanors
    18. Rule 59. Matters Before a Magistrate Judge
    19. Rule 60. Victim's Rights
    20. Rule 61. Title

Historical Note

The original Federal Rules of Criminal Procedure were adopted by order of the Supreme Court on Dec. 26, 1944, transmitted to Congress by the Attorney General on Jan. 3, 1945, and became effective on Mar. 21, 1946.

The Rules have been amended Dec. 27, 1948, eff. Jan. 1, 1949; Dec. 27, 1948, eff. Oct. 20, 1949; Apr. 12, 1954, eff. July 1, 1954; Apr. 9, 1956, eff. July 8, 1956; Feb. 28, 1966, eff. July 1, 1966; Dec. 4, 1967, eff. July 1, 1968; Mar. 1, 1971, eff. July 1, 1971; Apr. 24, 1972, eff. Oct. 1, 1972; Nov. 20, 1972, eff. July 1, 1975, pursuant to Pub. L. 93–595; Mar. 18, 1974, eff. July 1, 1974; Apr. 22, 1974, eff. in part Aug. 1, 1975, and Dec. 1, 1975, pursuant to Pub. L. 93–361 and Pub. L. 94–64; Dec. 12, 1975, Pub. L. 94–149, §5, 89 Stat. 806; Apr. 26, 1976, eff. in part Aug. 1, 1976, and Oct. 1, 1977, pursuant to Pub. L. 94–349 and Pub. L. 95–78; Apr. 30, 1979, eff. in part Aug. 1, 1979, and Dec. 1, 1980, pursuant to Pub. L. 96–42; Apr. 28, 1982, eff. Aug. 1, 1982; Oct. 12, 1982, Pub. L. 97–291, §3, 96 Stat. 1249; Apr. 28, 1983, eff. Aug. 1, 1983; Oct. 12, 1984, Pub. L. 98–473, title II, §§209, 215, 404, 98 Stat. 1986, 2014, 2067; Oct. 30, 1984, Pub. L. 98–596, §11(a), (b), 98 Stat. 3138; Apr. 29, 1985, eff. Aug. 1, 1985; Oct. 27, 1986, Pub. L. 99–570, title I, §1009(a), 100 Stat. 3207–8; Nov. 10, 1986, Pub. L. 99–646, §§12(b), 24, 25(a), 54(a), 100 Stat. 3594, 3597, 3607; Mar. 9, 1987, eff. Aug. 1, 1987; Apr. 25, 1988, eff. Aug. 1, 1988; Nov. 18, 1988, Pub. L. 100–690, title VI, §6483, title VII, §§7076, 7089(c), 102 Stat. 4382, 4406, 4409; Apr. 25, 1989, eff. Dec. 1, 1989; May 1, 1990, eff. Dec. 1, 1990; Apr. 30, 1991, eff. Dec. 1, 1991; Apr. 22, 1993, eff. Dec. 1, 1993; Apr. 29, 1994, eff. Dec. 1, 1994; Sept. 13, 1994, Pub. L. 103–322, title XXIII, §230101(b), title XXXIII, §330003(h), 108 Stat. 2078, 2141; Apr. 27, 1995, eff. Dec. 1, 1995; Apr. 23, 1996, eff. Dec. 1, 1996; Apr. 24, 1996, Pub. L. 104–132, title II, §207(a), 110 Stat. 1236; Apr. 11, 1997, eff. Dec. 1, 1997; Apr. 24, 1998, eff. Dec. 1, 1998; Apr. 26, 1999, eff. Dec. 1, 1999; Apr. 17, 2000, eff. Dec. 1, 2000; Oct. 26, 2001, Pub. L. 107–56, title II, §§203(a), 219, 115 Stat. 278, 291; Apr. 29, 2002, eff. Dec. 1, 2002; Nov. 2, 2002, Pub. L. 107–273, div. C, title I, §11019(b), 116 Stat. 1825; Nov. 25, 2002, Pub. L. 107–296, title VIII, §895, 116 Stat. 2256; Apr. 30, 2003, Pub. L. 108–21, title VI, §610(b), 117 Stat. 692; Apr. 26, 2004, eff. Dec. 1, 2004; Pub. L. 108–458, title VI, §6501(a), Dec. 17, 2004, 118 Stat. 3760; Apr. 25, 2005, eff. Dec. 1, 2005; Apr. 12, 2006, eff. Dec. 1, 2006; Apr. 30, 2007, eff. Dec. 1, 2007; Apr. 23, 2008, eff. Dec. 1, 2008; Mar. 26, 2009, eff. Dec. 1, 2009; Apr. 28, 2010, eff. Dec. 1, 2010; Apr. 26, 2011, eff. Dec. 1, 2011; Apr. 16, 2013, eff. Dec. 1, 2013; Apr. 25, 2013, eff. Dec. 1, 2014; Apr. 28, 2016, eff. Dec 1, 2016; Apr. 25, 2019, eff. Dec. 1, 2019.