employment law

Youngstown Sheet & Tube Co. v. Sawyer (1952)


A U.S. Supreme Court case in which the Court held that President Truman lacked either constitutional or statutory authority to seize the nation's strike-bound steel mills (the Court noted, however, that Congress would have had constitutional authority to do so). The President had ordered the Secretary of Commerce to take possession of and operate the mills in order to maintain steel production during the Korean War. 


Jones Act

The Merchant Marine Act of 1920, known as the Jones Act, is a federal statute establishing support for the development and maintenance of a merchant marine in order to support commercial activity and serve as a naval auxiliary in times of war or national emergency (See 46 USC § 50101). 

The statute, among other things, requires shipping between US ports to be conducted by US-flag ships. (46 USC § 50102.)


Health Maintenance Organization (HMO)


Illustrative caselaw

A health care delivery system where the provider offers a participant a comprehensive range of health services for a fixed premium. The recipient agrees to use only these services (except in cases of emergency) and thereby obtains a broader set of benefits at less cost.
See, e.g.


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