employment law



A type of savings account made possible by federal law. By creating a financial plan under 26 U.S.C. 401(k), employers can help their workers save for retirement while reducing taxable income. Workers can choose to deposit part of their...

ABC Test


A test used in some states to determine whether a person is an employee or an independent contractor for the purpose of determining state unemployment tax.

Some courts using this test look at whether a worker meets three separate...

Able to Work


Capable of employment. A person who is able to work is ineligible to receive unemployment benefits on the basis of illness or injury.

Illustrative case law

See, e.g. International Union, et al. v. Johnson Controls, Inc., 499 U.S. 187 (...

Abusive Discharge


A fired employee's claim that the firing breached some public policy of the state. Abusive discharge claims are often brought when no claim for breach of contract or violation of a statute can be alleged. Instead of relying on an employment...

Administrative Law Judge (ALJ)


An independent hearing examiner who presides at an administrative hearing. An ALJ has the power to administer oaths, receive evidence, take testimony, and make initial findings of fact or law. An ALJ’s findings are subject to review...


Agriculture: An Overview

Agriculture includes soil preparation, seed planting, crop harvesting, gardening, horticulture, viticulture, apiculture (bee-raising), dairying, poultry, and ranching. Generally, laws grouped under the heading "agricultural law...

Alternative dispute resolution - State statutes

Alabama- Title 6, Chapter 6 Alaska Arizona- Title 12, Article 2 Arkansas- Title 16, Subtitle1- 7 California (see Title 2, Division 3, Part 1, Chapter 4.5, Article 5) Colorado- Title 13, Article 22, Part 2 Connecticut- Title 52, Chapter 909 Delaware-...

blue flu

Definition from Nolo’s Plain-English Law DictionaryAn organized protest by law enforcement officers who call in sick. Police officers may stage these "sick-outs" because they are not legally allowed to go on strike.

Definition provided by Nolo’s Plain-...


Definition from Nolo’s Plain-English Law DictionaryAn organized effort to damage a business by refusing to patronize it. The goal is attract attention to and influence the business's policies. Labor unions and their sympathizers have boycotted lettuce and...